Amparo

Amparo is a city in Campinas Region of São Paulo state. It is the largest city of the Circuito das Águas Paulista (Paulista Water Circuit), a cluster of mineral spring towns over the Mantiqueira mountain range. Amparo contains a large and well-preserved historical heritage from the São Paulo state coffee farming era (late XIX century).

Understand

Hospital da Beneficência Portuguesa de Amparo.

The settlement of Nossa Senhora do Amparo was founded in 1829. After 1850, it prospered with the coffee farming, and got a boost with the inauguration of the train station from the Mogiana company. The Great Depression of 1929 also brought the decline of coffee farming in the state of São Paulo, and Amparo suffered from economic stagnation. After 1940, the city started recovering with industrialization and later, tourism. Química Amparo (Ypê), a manufacturer of cleaning products founded in 1950, is still the main employer of the city today.

Amparo remains as one of the cities of the state with most preserved heritage from the coffee farming era. Other attractions of the city are its mineral springs, rural tourism, eno- and ecotourism.

Get in

By bus

The intercity bus terminal is located in the historic center, near the Municipal Market, making intercity buses an attractive option to get in the city. Buses from Campinas are operated by Expresso Metropolis and from São Paulo by Rápido Fênix. Buses are not that frequent so reserving in advance is a good idea.

By car

Get around

It is possible explore the city center on foot, although the area is relatively large and contains ladders. You can cycle alongside the Camanducaia river, but for exploring the city, be prepared for the ladders and brick roads. A car is recommended if you plan to explore the countryside of municipality.

See

Historical heritage

Largo da Estação.
Igreja e Mosteiro de São Benedito.

Amparo's city center contains a large collection of houses and constructions from coffee farming era (late XIX and early XX centuries). The most remarkable constructions are:

  • Igreja Matriz de Nossa Senhora do Amparo. Amparo's central church, in neoclassic style, inaugurated in 1878.
  • Biblioteca Municipal Carlos Ferreira. The municipal library, founded in 1900 and containing about 23,000 volumes.
  • Sociedade Italiana (Old city hall of Amparo), Praça Monsenhor João Batista Lisboa. Building constructed in 1901 by the Italian community. It was the city hall of Amparo until 2008.
  • Old Amparo train station. The old train station formerly operated by Companhia Mogiana and inaugurated in 1875. The last train departed to Monte Alegre do Sul in 2 January 1967.
  • Pinacoteca Dr. Constâncio Cintra. Art museum founded in 1975, containing about 400 works.

Parks and nature

Amparo seen from above.

Do

Events

Buy

Amparo's main shopping street is R. Treze de Maio, with shops mainly oriented to locals, not tourists. Locally made handcrafts are sold at Centro de Artesanato, located in the old train station.

Eat

Drink

Sleep

Stay safe

Amparo is a safe city, with violent crime being far less common than petty crime. The roads around the city are quite dark during the night, so drive carefully in this situation.

Go next

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Saturday, February 20, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.