Amazonas (Brazil)

Amazonas is a state in the North of Brazil. It is the largest state of Brazil in area.


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Amazonas' territory is 98% covered by the rain forest and is named after the Amazon River. Its capital, Manaus, is a bustling modern city right in the middle of the Amazon Rainforest. The Amazon Rainforest is the largest rainforest in the world and is of great ecological significance, as its biomass is capable of absorbing enormous amounts of carbon dioxide. Conservation of the Amazon Rainforest has been a major issue in recent years. Amazonas is home to the highest mountain in Brazil (Pico da Neblina). Its economy was once reliant almost entirely upon salt; today it has wide and varied industries, including the farming of cassava, oranges, and other agricultural products. In Amazonas, the exuberance of the tropical rain forest, associated with hot and humid climate, are responsible for the largest biodiversity on Earth. It is estimated that the Amazon Region shelters about 2,5 million species of insects, thousands of species of plants, approximately 2 thousand species of fishes, about 950 species of birds and some 200 species of mammals. It rains a lot from December to May, embellishing the city's waterfalls. For the rest of the year, when there is less rain, fluvial beaches are formed on the Negro River. Amazonas is also the home of around 200 thousands Brazilian native Indians.

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Local cuisine is rich and varied and can be found in many Amazon cities. You may try tapioquinha, a glutinous pancake made from manioc starch, usually buttered and filled with tucumã palm fruit and farmer's cheese. Or tacacá, an Amazon local soup. Or pamonha, made from green corn and coconut milk boiled in corn husks. Or bolo de macaxeira, a tasty but heavy glutinous translucent oily cake made from manioc. Or sugar cane juice, a favorite drink among locals. The region is also known for its exotic fruits like creamy white capuaçú and iron-rich açaí.

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