Along the Yangtze River

On a Yangtze boat in the Xiling Gorge (Zigui County, Hubei
This article is an itinerary.

The Yangtze (Cháng Jiāng 长江, "long river," in Chinese) is China's greatest river and a historic transport route.

This is a huge river; it is over 6,000 km (nearly 4000 miles) long, about the same as the Mississippi. Only the Amazon and Nile are longer. It is the world's sixth largest river by volume of water discharged, at over 30,000 cubic meters a second, roughly double the Mississippi or Mekong, three times the Saint Lawrence, four times the Danube, and more than ten times little streams like the Rhine or Nile.

Understand

In the Three Gorges cities such as Badong, funiculars take passengers down to the river boats

The Yangtze has been an important transportation route with major cities along its banks for several thousand years.

The Chinese Empire first developed along the Yellow River (Huang He) and shortly thereafter spread both to the lower Yangtze basin around Lake Tai and to the rich agricultural lands of Sichuan a thousand km or more up the river. As the main link between those areas, the Yangtze has been important through most of Chinese history.

The Western name "Yangtze" comes from the stretch of the river from Yangzhou to Zhenjiang, called the Yangzi (扬子) in Chinese. This was the name first heard by Western missionaries and traders, particularly by the British, and it has stuck. Technically it is named in honor of the former emperor Yang. Most Chinese will not understand what you mean if you don't use the proper Mandarin title of chang jiang (long river) unless they are familiar with English.

Cities

A ferry dock in Wuhan. Even in cities with bridges and subway lines, ferries often offer a pleasant and inexpensive way to cross the river

Many of China's greatest cities lie along the Yangtze. Except for Shanghai which was unimportant until the 19th century China trade made it one of the world's great cities all of these have existed for millennia. Listed from the mouth up the river, they are:

The river extends far beyond Chongqing; its headwaters are deep in the Tibetan mountains. Few tourists doing the Yangtze route follow the river much beyond Chongqing. However, travelers on the Yunnan tourist trail see some of the upper reaches of the river near Lijiang. The Yangtze is also one of the three rivers in Three Parallel Rivers National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage region in Yunnan.

Several other ancient and important cities are not actually on the Yangtze, but readily accessible from it:

Of course there are dozens of smaller cities as well.

Get in

Although it is possible to swim across the Yangtze (Mao Zedong did it!), it is not generally recommended

Shanghai has a major international airport with connections to almost anywhere. The other major cities on the route have airports and good connections within China, but not many international flights. However, KLM flies Amsterdam-Chengdu and Amsterdam-Kunming, Lufthansa Frankfurt-Nanjing and Korean Air has flights from Seoul to several of these cities. Finnair offers direct flights to Chongqing.

From Southeast Asia, the only discount flight into the region is Air Asia Kuala Lumpur to Hangzhou.

Go

Watching the Xiling Gorge scenery from a boat

The most famous part of this route is the sensational cruise ships through the Three Gorges area between Chongqing and Yichang. With the recent enormous Three Gorges Dam project, this route has changed considerably but it is still definitely worth doing.

A huge number of people were displaced when the Three Gorges Dam was built; a large area of what used to be fairly densely populated farming country with market towns scattered through it is now underwater. A number of new towns were built in the area and many people were relocated to Chongming District in Shanghai.

Be careful of the different types of boats and classes within those boats. Traveling on a Chinese tourist boat in 'first class' may not be your idea of 'first class' (one traveler complained of "rats everywhere"). In addition, the only choice for food may be the boat itself for up to three days. It is advisable to bring supplies, particularly snacks and drinks, for the voyage. The locals often bring ramen noodles or other soups; hot water is readily available. If you want a good experience on the Yangtze, pay the extra for a luxury cruise. Fare on these often includes excursions with English speaking guides and all meals on-board except the dinner on the check-in day. Almost all the tourists travelling on those cruises are very satisfied with the journey.

While one reviewer suggested not to take the Chinese Tourist boat (since they stop at destinations at 6AM, expecting all passengers to get out and look at the scenery, then arriving at 4AM at the final destination and throwing everybody off the boat), another reviewer had a positive experience despite not speaking any Chinese.

Other tips:

The lower Yangtze areas; from Wuhan down through Nanjing and Suzhou to Shanghai; traveling by boat is also an option, but here it is not essential. There are good rail and road connections throughout the area. See High-speed rail in China for Nanjng-Wuxi-Suzhou-Shanghai-Hangzhou routes.

Stay safe

General precautions against common scams and pickpockets are advisable anywhere in China.

Be especially wary of thieves on the cruise boats, using any technique from picking pockets to crawling in portholes to rifle luggage.

Go next

Chengdu is a hub for visiting southwest China. From there, you can:

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Monday, December 28, 2015. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.