Çanakkale

Çanakkale fortress

Çanakkale (pronounced chaa-nak-kaa-leh) is a city in the Marmara Region of Turkey

Understand

The city is on the southern/Asian bank of Dardanelles Strait (Turkish: Çanakkale Boğazı), which links Aegean Sea with the Sea of Marmara while separating Europe from Asia.

History

The city was called "Hellespontos" or "Dardanelles" in ancient times, and there has been evidence of a settlement in the Canakkale area since B.C. 3000. As the city is on the Dardanelles/Canakkale Strait, one of the two major water passages connecting the Mediterranean and Black Sea, the area is rich in history and culture. The site of the historical city of Troy is close to Canakkale.

During World War I, Canakkale and the Canakkale Strait was the stage of a year-long battle between the United Kingdom, France and the Ottoman Empire. From April 1915 to January 1916, a joint British and French operation was mounted to capture the Ottoman capital of Constantinople (now Istanbul). The attempt failed, but not without heavy casualties on both sides.

Get in

By bus

There are buses from Istanbul at any time, day or night. Just go to Istanbul's otogar, and look for 'Çanakkale' signs on the windowpanes of bus company offices. It takes five and a half to six hours to get from Istanbul to Çanakkale.

The busy Çanakkale bus station also has several daily connections with most major Turkish destinations, such as Edirne and Izmir.

Most buses drop their passengers off just next to ferry harbourwhich is conveniently located in the city centreafter crossing the Straits by ferry.

By car

Çanakkale is linked to north, east, and south by well-paved highways numbered E87/E90/D550, E90/D200, and E87/D550 respectively. However, as there is no bridge crossing the Straits of Dardanelles yet, you will have to take either GeliboluLapseki, GeliboluÇardak, EceabatÇanakkale or KilitbahirÇanakkale ferry crossings when arriving from north.

Çanakkale is 320 km from Istanbul, 325 km from Izmir, and 653 km from Ankara.

By boat

Of the possibilities to cross the straits, the 24-hr EceabatÇanakkale ferry line, with 20-min intervals during busy morning to midnight hours, is likely to be the most convenient choice to get to the city from European mainland. It costs 2 TL for foot passengers, and 20 TL for cars (flat fare, i.e. not dependent on how many people are occupying the car).

Passengers from Istanbul must be aware that, under bad weather conditions, the sea-traffic in the strait is limited or cancelled, and crossing the strait may become impossible.

By plane

AnadoluJet flies from Ankara Esenboga Airport (ESB) 4 days of week and BoraJet flies 6 days from Istanbul Sabiha Gokcen Airport (SAW) of week.

Get around

Most of the places in Çanakkale are in walking distance. There is a Tourist Information office several meters from ferryboat station (on the right if you are coming from the ferry). You can pick up a free tourist map of Çanakkale and the surrounding areas. They also have schedules of the minibuses to Troy and ferries to Bozcaada.

See

Trojan Horse used in the film Troy (2004)

Eat

One thing not to miss while in Çanakkale is bomba, which is the usual döner in half a bread plus an omelette added in. There are lots of buffets making it in the cluster of shops located just across the street from ferry harbor. Totally local, so don't expect to find it in anywhere else.

Sleep

Budget

Mid range

Cope

There is a public bathroom outside the ferry harbor area, but it costs 0.5 TL, has no toilet paper (napkins on a table outside the bathroom door), and has holes rather than toilets on the women's side. It is probably best to use a bathroom at a restaurant or your hostel.

Go next

Çanakkale is a convenient base to explore many nearby sights from.

Routes through Çanakkale

Keşan Eceabat  N  S  Troy Izmir
Merges with  N  E  Bandirma Bursa


This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Monday, March 28, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.