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|Centuries:||19th century – 20th century – 21st century|
|Decades:||1900s 1910s 1920s – 1930s – 1940s 1950s 1960s|
|Years:||1931 1932 1933 – 1934 – 1935 1936 1937|
|1934 by topic:|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Works and introductions categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2687|
|British Regnal year||23 Geo. 5 – 24 Geo. 5|
|Chinese calendar|| 癸酉年十一月十六日
— to —甲戌年十一月廿五日
|- Vikram Samvat||1990–1991|
|- Shaka Samvat||1856–1857|
|- Kali Yuga||5035–5036|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||934–935|
|Japanese calendar|| Shōwa 9
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 23
|Thai solar calendar||2477|
Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.
- January 1
- Alcatraz becomes a prison.
- International Telecommunication Union.
- Nazi Germany passes the " Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring".
- January 7 – The first Flash Gordon comic strip is published.
- January 10 – Marinus van der Lubbe is executed in Germany.
- January 13 – The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR.
- January 20 – The Japanese company Fuji Photo Film is established.
- January 24
- January 26
- The Apollo Theatre opens in Harlem, New York City.
- The 10 year German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact is signed by Germany and the Second Polish Republic.
- The Republic of Austria abolishes the jury trial by decree.
- February 6 – French political crisis: The French far right leagues rally in front of the Palais Bourbon, in an attempted coup against the Third Republic.
- February 9
- Greece, Romania, Turkey and Yugoslavia have formed the Balkan Pact.
- Gaston Doumergue forms a new government in France.
- February 12 – The Export-Import Bank is incorporated.
- February 12– February 16 – Austrian Civil War
- February 16 – Commission of Government sworn in as form of direct rule for the Dominion of Newfoundland.
- February 21 – Augusto César Sandino is assassinated in Managua by the National Guard.
- February 22 – Frank Capra's It Happened One Night, starring Clark Gable and Claudette Colbert, is released. It becomes a smash hit and the first of Capra's great screen classics. It becomes the first film to win all 5 of the major Academy Awards – Best Actor, Best Actress, Best Screenplay, Best Director, and Best Picture. Gable and Colbert receive their only Oscars for this film.
- February 23 – Léopold III becomes King of Belgium.
- March 1 – Manchuria becomes Manchukuo, following an invasion by the Japanese.
- March 3
- John Dillinger escapes from jail in Crown Point, Indiana, using a wooden pistol.
- Erich Franke invents the wire bearing (today wire race bearing) and files a patent application.
- March 8 – Prince Sigvard of Sweden loses his titles because of his marriage.
- March 12 – Konstantin Päts and general Johan Laidoner stage a coup in Estonia, and ban all political parties.
- March 13 – John Dillinger, Baby Face Nelson and their gang rob the First National Bank in Mason City, Iowa.
- March 20
- All the police forces in Germany come under the command of Heinrich Himmler.
- The Great Hakodate fire kills at least 2,166 people in southern Hokkaido, Japan.
- March 24 – The Philippine Commonwealth is established, allowing for a greater degree of self-government from the United States.
- April 1 – Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker kill 2 young highway patrolmen near Grapevine, Texas.
- April 6 – Rudyard Kipling and William Butler Yeats are awarded the Gothenburg Prize for Poetry.
- April 12
- U.S. publication of the novel Tender Is the Night by F. Scott Fitzgerald
- The world's largest ever recorded surface wind speed of 231 miles per hour was recorded on the summit of Mt. Washington NH.
- April 19 – Surgeon R.K. Wilson allegedly photographs the Loch Ness Monster.
- April 22 – John Dillinger and two others shoot their way out of an FBI ambush in northern Wisconsin.
- April 28 – FA Cup: Manchester City beat Portsmouth 2 – 1 at Wembley Stadium
- April 30 – The first S-train line in Copenhagen is opened. The Line started in Klampenborg and ended in Frederiksberg.
- May 1 – The May Constitution of 1934 heralds the beginning of the Austrofascist Federal State of Austria
- May 5 – The first Three Stooges short, Woman Haters, is released.
- May 7 – The Pearl of Lao Tzu, 24 x 14 cm, is found in a giant clam off Palawan, Philippines.
- May 11 – Dust Bowl: A strong 2-day dust storm removes massive amounts of Great Plains topsoil in one of the worst dust storms of the Dust Bowl.
- May 15
- The United States Department of Justice offers a $25,000 reward for John Dillinger.
- Kārlis Ulmanis establishes an authoritarian government in Latvia.
- May 19 – Kimon Georgiev stages a coup d'etat in Bulgaria.
- May 23 – A team of police officers, led by former Texas Ranger Frank Hamer, ambush bank robbers Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow near Gibsland, Louisiana, killing them both.
- May 24
- Tomáš Masaryk is re-elected president of Czechoslovakia.
- The 5-day "Battle of Toledo" starts during the Auto-Lite strike in Toledo, Ohio.
- May 28 – Near Callander, Ontario, the Dionne quintuplets are born to Oliva and Elzire Dionne, becoming the first quintuplets to survive infancy.
- May 29 – May 31 – The Confessional Synod of the German Evangelical Church meets in Barmen, Germany to write the Barmen Declaration
- June 6 – New Deal: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Securities Exchange Act into law, establishing the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
- June 9 – The animated short The Wise Little Hen, directed by Bert Gillett for the Silly Symphonies series, and featuring the debut of Donald Duck, is released.
- June 10 – Italy beats Czechoslovakia 2–1 after extra time to win the 1934 World Cup.
- June 12 – Political parties are banned in Bulgaria.
- June 14 – Max Baer defeats champion Primo Carnera for the world heavyweight boxing title.
- June 18 – The Indian Reorganization Act is enacted.
- June 27
- June 28 – Division of Grazing created within the Department of the Interior.
- June 30
- The Nazi SA camp Oranienburg becomes a national camp, taken over by the SS.
- Night of the Long Knives: Nazis purge the SA.
- July 1
- Bureau of Air Commerce under Department of Commerce.
- The Brookfield Zoo opens in Brookfield, Illinois.
- The Hays Office censorship code for motion pictures goes into full effect in the United States.
- July 10 – German Social Democrat and author Erich Mühsam is killed in Oranienburg concentration camp.
- July 17 – The North Dakota Supreme Court declares Lieutenant Governor Ole H. Olson the legitimate governor and tells William Langer to resign. Langer proceeds to declare North Dakota independent. He revokes the declaration after the Supreme Court justices meet him.
- July 22 – Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.
- July 25 – Austrian Nazis assassinate chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss during a failed coup attempt.
- August 2 – Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany, becoming head of state as well as Chancellor.
- August 8 – The Wehrmacht swears a personal oath of loyalty to Adolf Hitler.
- August 13 – The comic strip Li'l Abner is first published in US newspapers.
- August 19
- The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio.
- In a referendum, 90% of the German population approves of Hitler's assumption of presidential powers as Führer and Reichskanzler.
- August 25 – Anti-union vigilantes seize the town of McGuffey, Ohio, during the Hardin County onion pickers strike.
- September 5– 10 – 8th Nuremberg Rally
- September 8 – Off the New Jersey coast, a fire aboard the passenger liner Morro Castle kills 134 people.
- September 19
- September 21 – A typhoon in Honshū, Japan kills 3,036 people, and destroys the temple, schools, and other buildings in Osaka.
- September 22 – A gas explosion at Gresford Colliery in Wrexham, north-east Wales kills 266 miners and rescuers, one of Britain's worst coal mining disasters.
- September 28
- September 29 – Stanley Matthews makes his England debut, beginning a record 23-year international career.
- October 2 – A tornado in Osaka and Kyoto kills 1,660, injures 5,400, and destroys the rice harvest.
- October 5 – Miners rebel in Asturias, Spain (see Asturian miners' strike of 1934).
- October 6 – Catalonian separatists rebel in Spain.
- October 9 – King Alexander of Yugoslavia and French foreign minister Louis Barthou are assassinated during the king's state visit in Marseilles.
- October 16 – The Long March of the Chinese Communists begins.
- October 22 – Charles Arthur "Pretty Boy" Floyd is shot and killed by FBI agents near East Liverpool, Ohio.
- November 13 – The Italian government decrees that teachers must wear a military or party uniform in a class.
- November 21
- The MCC makes an ultimately controversial decision to alter the lbw rule so a batsman can be lbw to a ball pitching outside off stump. The change is later blamed for many problems developing during the 1950s, primarily negative bowling outside leg stump to a field of short-leg fieldsmen.
- Cole Porter's musical Anything Goes, starring Ethel Merman, premieres in New York City.
- November 23 – An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lays well within Ethiopian territory. This encounter leads to the Abyssinia Crisis.
- November 26 – Universal Pictures releases the first film version of Fannie Hurst's novel, Imitation of Life, starring Claudette Colbert and Louise Beavers. It gives Beavers, usually featured in small roles as a maid, her best screen role, and features the largest supporting role played by a black person in a Hollywood film up until then. Its storyline partially revolves around a young mulatto girl rejecting her mother and trying to "pass for white". It is the first Hollywood film to seriously deal with this subject.
- November 27
- A running gun battle between FBI agents and bank robber Baby Face Nelson results in the deaths of Nelson, and FBI agents Herman Hollis and Samuel P. Cowley.
- Bolivian President Daniel Salamanca deposed.
- December 1
- December 5 – Abyssinia Crisis: Ethiopian and Italian troops exchange gunfire. Reported casualties for the Ethiopians are 150, and for the Italians 50.
- December 18 – A low-key fascist conference is held in Moreaux.
- December 24 – Actor Lionel Barrymore begins what will become an annual tradition of the Golden Age of Radio – playing the role of Ebenezer Scrooge in dramatizations of Charles Dickens's A Christmas Carol. Barrymore continues playing Scrooge on radio until shortly before his death in 1954. He will also make a 78-RPM record album of the classic story, which will later be released on LP.
- December 26 – An American Airlines aircraft crashes in the Adirondack Mountains.
- December 27 – Persia becomes Iran.
- December 29 – Japan renounces the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930.
- International Union of National Tourist Propaganda Organizations (IUNTPO).
- The "British Committee for Relations with Other Countries", which will become the British Council, is set up to foster cultural relations.
- The sonoluminescence effect is discovered.
- The GPU becomes the NKVD.
- Abidjan becomes the capital of the French colony of Côte d'Ivoire.
- The U.S. Marines leave Haiti.
- US Congress makes the Philippines a self-governing commonwealth and schedules independence for 1944. Sugar imports are reduced and immigration is limited to 50 Filipino people per year.
- The house Fallingwater in southwestern Pennsylvania is designed by Frank Lloyd Wright.
- The Quintette du Hot Club de France is established and produced two of the most famous Jazz instrumental icons Stéphane Grappelli and Django Reinhardt.
- January 1 – George D. Behrakis, Greek American philanthropist
- January 5 – Eddy Pieters Graafland, Dutch football goalkeeper
- January 7 – Charles Jenkins, American sprinter
- January 8 – Piet Dankert, Dutch politician (d. 2003)
- January 9 – Bart Starr, American football player
- January 11 – Jean Chrétien, Prime Minister of Canada
- January 12 – Mick Sullivan, English rugby league footballer
- January 13 – Rip Taylor, American comedian
- January 14 – Richard Briers, English actor (d. 2013)
- January 16 – Marilyn Horne, American mezzo-soprano
- January 18 – Raymond Briggs, British writer and illustrator
- January 20
- Tom Baker, British actor
- Dave Hull, American former radio personality
- January 21 – Ann Wedgeworth, American actress
- January 22
- Bill Bixby, American actor and director (d. 1993)
- Graham Kerr, British television personality
- Nolan Strong, Detroit doo-wop singer with The Diablos
- January 23 – Lou Antonio, American actor and director
- January 24 – Stanisław Grochowiak, Polish poet and dramatist (d. 1976)
- January 30 – Tammy Grimes, American actress
- February 5 – Hank Aaron, African-American baseball player
- February 7 – Earl King, American musician (d. 2003)
- February 10 – Fleur Adcock, New Zealand poet
- February 11
- Tina Louise, American actress
- Mary Quant, British fashion designer
- John Surtees, British race car driver
- February 12
- Anne Krueger, American economist
- Bill Russell, American basketball player
- February 13 – George Segal, American actor
- February 14
- Michel Corboz, Swiss conductor
- Florence Henderson, American actress (The Brady Bunch)
- February 15 – Niklaus Wirth, Swiss computer scientist
- February 16 – Harold "Hal" & Herbert "Herbie" Kalin, American singers (The Kalin Twins) (d. 2005 and 2006, respectively)
- February 17
- Sir Alan Bates, British actor (d. 2003)
- Barry Humphries, Australian actor and comedian
- February 18 – Ronald F. Marryott, American admiral (d. 2005)
- February 20 – Bobby Unser, American race car driver
- February 21 – Rue McClanahan, American actress (d. 2010)
- February 22
- Sparky Anderson, American baseball manager (d. 2010)
- Van Williams, American actor
- February 23 – Augusto Algueró, Spanish composer (d. 2011)
- February 24
- Bettino Craxi, Prime Minister of Italy (d. 2000)
- Renata Scotto, Italian soprano
- February 27
- Vincent Fourcade, French-born interior designer and socialite (d. 1992)
- Ralph Nader, American consumer activist and presidential candidate
- March 1
- March 4
- March 5
- Daniel Kahneman, Israeli economist, Nobel Prize laureate
- Nicholas Smith, English actor
- March 7
- Franklin Clarke, American football player
- Willard Scott, American television weather reporter
- March 9
- March 11 – Sam Donaldson, American reporter
- March 13 – Barry Hughart, American author
- March 14
- Eugene Cernan, American astronaut
- Paul Rader, General of The Salvation Army
- March 16
- Ray Hnatyshyn, Governor-General of Canada (d. 2002)
- Richard Layard, Baron Layard, British economist
- March 20 – Willie Brown, Mayor of San Francisco, California
- March 22
- Orrin Hatch, U.S. Senator from Utah
- Larry Martyn, British comic actor (d. 1994)
- March 23 – Mark Rydell, American actor and director
- March 25 – Gloria Steinem, American feminist
- March 26 – Alan Arkin, American actor
- March 31
- Richard Chamberlain, American actor
- Shirley Jones, American singer and actress
- Carlo Rubbia, Italian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- Orion Samuelson, American television personality
- April 1
- Don Hastings, American actor
- Rod Kanehl, American baseball player (d. 2004)
- Vladimir Posner, Russian journalist
- April 2
- April 3 – Jane Goodall, British zoologist
- April 5 – Roman Herzog, former President of Germany
- April 6 – Enrique Álvarez Félix, Mexican actor (d. 1996)
- April 6 – Anton Geesink, Dutch 10th-dan judoka (d. 2010)
- April 9 – Bill Birch, New Zealand politician
- April 11 – Mark Strand, Canadian-born American poet
- April 18 – James Drury, American actor
- April 24
- Jayakanthan, Tamil writer
- Shirley MacLaine, American actress, dancer, writer
- April 25
- Peter McParland, Irish footballer
- Denny Miller, American actor (Wagon Train)
- April 29
- Pedro Verona Rodrigues Pires, President of Cape Verde
- Otis Rush, American musician
- Akira Takarada, Japanese actor
- May 3 – Henry Cooper, British boxer
- May 6 – Richard Shelby, U. S. senator from Alabama
- May 9 – Alan Bennett, British actor and writer
- May 13 – Leon Wagner, American baseball player (d. 2004)
- May 15 – George Roper, British comedian (d. 2003)
- May 18 – Dwayne Hickman, American actor
- May 19 – Jim Lehrer, American television journalist
- May 21 – Bengt I. Samuelsson, Swedish biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- May 22 – Peter Nero, American pianist
- May 23 – Robert Moog, American inventor of the synthesizer (d. 2005)
- May 24 – Barry Rose, British choir director and organist
- May 27 – Harlan Ellison, American writer
- May 28 – Dionne quintuplets, Canadian quintuplets
- May 29 – Nanette Newman, English actress and author
- May 30 – Aleksei Leonov, Russian cosmonaut
- June 1
- Pat Boone, American actor and singer
- Ken Rex McElroy, American criminal (d. 1981)
- June 3 – Rolland D. McCune, American theologian
- June 4
- Dame Monica Dacon, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines schoolteacher, educator and politician
- Dame Daphne Sheldrick, Kenyan conservationist and author
- June 5 – Bill Moyers, American journalist
- June 6 – King Albert II of Belgium
- June 16
- Dame Eileen Atkins, British actress
- William Forsyth Sharpe, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
- June 20 – Samuel Zoll, Massachusetts jurist (d. 2011)
- June 25 – Beatriz Sheridan, Mexican actress and director (d. 2006)
- June 26 – Jeremy Wolfenden, British journalist (d. 1965)
- June 28 – Carl Levin, United States Senator
- June 30 – Harry Blackstone Jr., American magician (d. 1997)
- July 1
- Jamie Farr, American actor
- Jean Marsh, British actress
- Sydney Pollack, American film director (d. 2008)
- July 10 – Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer (d. 2012)
- July 11 – Giorgio Armani, Italian fashion designer
- July 12 – Van Cliburn, American pianist (d. 2013)
- July 13
- Wole Soyinka, Nigerian writer, Nobel Prize laureate
- Aleksei Yeliseyev, Russian cosmonaut
- July 14 – John Tyndall, British politician (d. 2005)
- July 15 – Harrison Birtwistle, British composer
- July 21 – Jonathan Miller, British theatre director
- July 25 – Luang Por Sumedho, Theravada Buddhist representative in the West
- July 28 – Bud Luckey, an American voice actor and Pixar animator
- July 30 – Bud Selig, American Major League Baseball commissioner
- August 2 – Valery Bykovsky, Russian cosmonaut
- August 3 – Jonas Savimbi, Angolan political and rebel leader (d. 2002)
- August 4 – Dallas Green, American baseball manager and executive
- August 5
- Wendell Berry, American novelist, essayist, poet
- Gay Byrne, Irish broadcaster
- August 6 – Billy Boston, Welsh rugby league footballer
- August 10 – James Tenney, American experimental composer (d. 2006)
- August 15 – Nino Ferrer, French singer (d. 1998)
- August 16
- Donnie Dunagan, American actor
- Ed van Thijn, Dutch politician
- Diana Wynne Jones, British writer (d. 2011)
- August 18
- Vincent Bugliosi, American prosecutor and author
- Roberto Clemente, Puerto Rican Major League Baseball player (d. 1972)
- August 19 – Renée Richards, American transsexual physician and tennis player
- August 20
- Armi Kuusela, Miss Universe 1952
- Tom Mangold, British journalist and author
- August 22 – Norman Schwarzkopf, U.S. Army general (d. 2012)
- August 23
- Barbara Eden, American actress
- Sonny Jurgensen, American football player
- August 25
- Eddie Ilarde, Filipino broadcaster and politician
- Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, former President of Iran
- August 26 – Tom Heinsohn, American baseketball player, coach, and broadcaster
- August 30
- Helen Craig, English children's author, illustrator ( Angelina Ballerina)
- Anatoli Solonitsyn, Russian actor (d. 1982)
- September 2
- Dominic Chianese, American actor
- Grady Nutt, American humorist (d. 1982)
- September 4
- September 7 – Little Milton, American musician
- September 8 – Peter Maxwell Davies, English composer
- September 10 – Charles Kuralt, American journalist (d. 1997)
- September 15 – Fred Nile, Australian Christian politician
- September 16
- Elgin Baylor, American basketball player and executive
- Ronnie Drew, Irish Dubliner Band Singer (d. 2008)
- September 17
- Maureen Connolly, American tennis player (d. 1969)
- Binoy Majumdar, Indian Hungryalist Poet.
- September 19 – Brian Epstein, English manager of the Beatles (d. 1967)
- September 20
- Takayuki Kubota, martial artist and founder of the Gosoku-ryu style of karate
- Sophia Loren, Italian actress
- September 21 – Leonard Cohen, Canadian poet, novelist and singer/songwriter
- September 22 – Lute Olson, American basketball coach
- September 23 – Ahmad Shah Khan, Crown Prince of Afghanistan
- September 24
- Tommy Anderson, Scottish footballer
- Robert Lang, English stage and television actor (d. 2004)
- September 27
- Beverly Armstrong, American female professional baseball player
- Wilford Brimley, American actor
- September 28 – Brigitte Bardot, French actress, animal rights activist
- September 30
- Alan A'Court, English footballer (d. 2009)
- Anna Kashfi, Welsh actress
- October 1
- October 2 – Earl Wilson, baseball player (d. 2005)
- October 3 – Harold Henning, South African golfer (d. 2004)
- October 4 – Sam Huff, American football player
- October 9 – Jill Ker Conway, Australian-born author
- October 13 – Nana Mouskouri, Greek singer
- October 17 – Rico Rodriguez, Jamaican trombonist
- October 18 – Chuck Swindoll, American evangelist
- October 20
- October 30
- Frans Brüggen, Dutch flutist, recorder player, and conductor
- Hamilton Camp, English-American actor (d. 2005)
- November 1 – Umberto Agnelli, Swiss-born automobile executive (d. 2004)
- November 6 – Barton Myers, American/Canadian architect
- November 7 – Jackie Joseph, American actress
- November 9 – Carl Sagan, American astronomer and writer (d. 1996)
- November 10 – Joanna Moore, American actress (d. 1997)
- November 12 – Charles Manson, American cult leader and criminal
- November 13 – John Gowans, General of The Salvation Army
- November 15 – Irén Pavlics, Slovene authoress in Hungary
- November 17 – Jim Inhofe, United States Senator
- November 21 – Laurence Luckinbill, American actor
- November 24 – Alfred Schnittke, Volga German composer (d. 1998)
- November 27
- Ammo Baba, Assyrian soccer player
- Gilbert Strang, American mathematician
- November 30 – Lansana Conte, President of Guinea (d. 2008)
- December 2 – Andre Rodgers, American baseball player (d. 2004)
- December 3 – Viktor Gorbatko, Russian cosmonaut
- December 4
- Victor French, American actor and director (d. 1989)
- Wink Martindale, American game show host and disc jockey
- December 5 – Joan Didion, American novelist
- December 6 – Nick Bockwinkel, American professional wrestler
- December 9
- Dame Judi Dench, British actress
- Junior Wells, American harmonica player (d. 1998)
- December 10 – Howard Martin Temin, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1994)
- December 18 – Boris Volynov, Russian cosmonaut
- December 19
- Aki Aleong, Trinidad and Tobago actor
- Al Kaline, American baseball player
- Rudi Carrell, Dutch singer and entertainer (d. 2006)
- Pratibha Patil, President of India
- December 24 – Stjepan Mesic, former President of Croatia
- December 27 – Larisa Latynina, Russian gymnast
- December 28
- Dame Maggie Smith, British actress
- Yujiro Ishihara, Japanese actor (d. 1987)
- December 29 – Ed Flanders, American actor (d. 1995)
- December 30
- January 6 – Herbert Chapman, English football manager (b. 1878)
- January 10 – Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist accused of setting fire to the Reichstag (executed) (b. 1909)
- January 29 – Fritz Haber, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1868)
- February 13 – József Pusztai slovene writer, poet, journalist in Hungary (b. 1864)
- February 17 – King Albert I of Belgium (b. 1875)
- February 23 – Edward Elgar, English composer (b. 1857)
- February 25 – John McGraw, American baseball player (b. 1873)
- March 1 – Charles Webster Leadbeater, English author and Theosophist (b.1854)
- March 15 – Davidson Black, Canadian-born paleoanthropologist (b.1884)
- March 20
- March 21 – Lilyan Tashman, American actress (b. 1896)
- March 28 – Mahmoud Mokhtar, Egyptian sculptor (b. 1891)
- March 29 – Otto Hermann Kahn, German-born philanthropist (b. 1867)
- March 30 – Ronald Munro Ferguson, Scottish politician, former Governor-General of Australia (b. 1860)
- April 11 – Gerald du Maurier, British actor (b. 1873)
- April 15 – Karl Dane, Danish actor (b. 1886)
- May 17 – Cass Gilbert, American architect (b. 1859)
- May 21 – Lew Cody, American actor (b. 1884)
- May 23
- May 25 – Gustav Holst, English composer (b. 1874)
- May 30 – Togo Heihachiro, Japanese admiral (b. 1848)
- June 8 – Dorothy Dell, American actress (b. 1915)
- June 10 – Frederick Delius, English composer (b. 1862)
- June 11 – Lev Vygotsky, Russian developmental psychologist (b. 1896)
- June 20 – Andrew Jackson Zilker, American philanthropist (b. 1858)
- June 30 – Murdered during the Night of the Long Knives:
- July 2 – Ernst Röhm, Nazi SA Leader (b. 1887)
- July 4
- July 8 – Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (b. 1848)
- July 13 – Kate Sheppard, New Zealand Women's suffrage for voting (b. 1848)
- July 15 – Louis F. Gottschalk, American composer (b. 1864)
- July 22 – John Dillinger, American criminal (b. 1903)
- July 25
- July 26 – Winsor McCay, American comic creator and animator (b. 1871)
- July 27 – Hubert Lyautey, Marshal of France (b. 1854)
- July 28
- August 2 – Paul von Hindenburg, German general and politician (b. 1847)
- August 9 – Alfred Steux, Belgian road racing cyclist (b. 1892)
- August 10 – George W. Hill, American director (b. 1895)
- August 13 – Mary Hunter Austin, American writer of fiction and non-fiction (b. 1868)
- August 14 – Raymond Hood, American architect (b. 1881)
- August 17 – Charlotte Gilman, noted American poet and playwright (b. 1860)
- September 2
- September 9 – Roger Fry, British artist (b. 1866)
- October 5 – Jean Vigo, French film director (b. 1905)
- October 9 – Alexander I of Yugoslavia, King of Yugoslavia (b. 1888)
- October 12 – Willy Clarkson, English costume designer and wigmaker (b. 1861)
- October 15 – Raymond Poincaré, French President (b. 1860)
- October 17 – Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish histologist and neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1852)
- October 22 – Pretty Boy Floyd, American bank robber (b. 1904)
- October 29 – Lou Tellegen, Dutch actor (b. 1881)
- November 2 – Edmond James de Rothschild, French philanthropist (b. 1845)
- November 10 – Ion Farris, American politician, former Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives (b. 1878)
- November 16 – Alice Liddell, English schoolgirl, inspiration for Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (b. 1852)
- November 22 – Harry Steppe, American vaudeville performer (b. 1888)
- November 27 – Baby Face Nelson, American gangster (b. 1908)
- November 30 – Hélène Boucher, French aviatrix (b. 1908)
- December 1 – Sergei Kirov, Soviet politician (b. 1886)
- December 6 – Duke Charles Michael of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1863)
- December 22 – Wallace Thurman, American writer (b. 1902)
- December 28 – Lowell Sherman, American actor and director (b. 1885)