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|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1830s 1840s 1850s – 1860s – 1870s 1880s 1890s|
|Years:||1864 1865 1866 – 1867 – 1868 1869 1870|
Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1867
January - June
- January 1 - The John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge opens between Cincinnati, Ohio and Covington, Kentucky, becoming the longest suspension bridge in the world.
- January 8 - African-American men granted the right to vote in the District of Columbia.
- January 11 - Benito Juárez becomes Mexican president again.
- January 30 - Emperor Kōmei dies. Crown Prince Mutsuhito is expected to become the next emperor of Japan.
- January 31 - Maronite nationalist leader Karam leaves Lebanon on board of a French ship for Algeria.
- February 3 - Shogun Tokugawa Yoshinobu abdicates, and the late Emperor Kōmei's son, Prince Mutsuhito becomes Emperor Meiji of Japan. End of the Late Tokugawa shogunate.
- February 7 - West Virginia University is established in Morgantown, West Virginia.
- February 17 - The first ship passes through the Suez Canal.
- February 19 - The North Carolina General Assembly incorporates the town of Rocky Mount, first settled in 1816 and named for a rocky mound at the base of the nearby Tar River falls.
- March University of Illinois at Urbana/Champaign was established (opened 1 year later)
- March 1 - Nebraska is admitted as the 37th U.S. state.
- March 16 - First publication of an article by Joseph Lister outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery, in The Lancet.
- March 29 - The British North America Act receives royal assent, forming the Dominion of Canada in an event known as Confederation. This unites the Province of Canada ( Quebec and Ontario), New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia as of July 1. Ottawa becomes the capital, and John A. Macdonald becomes the Dominion's first prime minister.
- March 30 - Alaska is purchased for $7.2 million from Alexander II of Russia, about 2 cent/acre ($4.19/km²), by United States Secretary of State William H. Seward. The news media call this " Seward's Folly."
- April 1 - Strait Settlement of Singapore, formerly ruled from Calcutta, becomes a Crown Colony under the jurisdiction of the Colonial Office in London.
- May 29 - Austro-Hungarian agreement called Ausgleich in German or kiegyezés in Hungarian ("the Compromise") is born through Act 12, which established the Austro-Hungarian Empire; on June 8 Emperor Francis Joseph was crowned King of Hungary.
- June 19 - Firing squad executes Emperor Maximilian of Mexico.
July - December
- July 1 - The Dominion of Canada is created by the British North America Act.
- July 2 - First elevated railroad in the United States begins service in New York.
- July 9 - Queen's Park F.C., the oldest league team in Scotland, founded.
- July 17 - In Boston, Massachusetts, the Harvard School of Dental Medicine is established as the first dental school in the United States.
- September 2 - Emperor Meiji of Japan marries Empress Shōken (née Masako Ichijō). The Empress consort is thereafter known as Lady Haruko.
- September 4 - Sheffield Wednesday F.C. are founded at the Adelphi Hotel in Sheffield.
- September 30 - The United States takes control of Midway Island.
- October 21 - 'Manifest Destiny': Medicine Lodge Treaty - Near Medicine Lodge Creek, Kansas, a landmark treaty is signed by southern Great Plains Indian leaders. The treaty requires Native American Plains tribes to relocate a reservation in western Oklahoma.
- October 27 – Giuseppe Garibaldi's troops march into Rome.
- November 15 - Former Minnesota farmer Oliver Hudson Kelley founds the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry (better known today as The Grange).
- November 23 - The so-called Manchester Martyrs were hanged in Manchester, England for the murder of a policeman whilst attempting to rescue two Irish men from jail.
- December 2 - In a New York City theatre, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States.
- Publication of the first volume of Das Kapital by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
- Transition from the Edo period to the Meiji period in Japanese history.
- Pierre Michaux invents the front wheel-driven velocipede, the first mass-produced bicycle.
- Otto von Bismarck organises a North German Confederation under the leadership of Prussia.
- Yellow fever kills 3093 in New Orleans.
- War of the Triple Alliance in Paraguay.
- Second Reform Bill by Disraeli enfranchises many working men and adds 938,000 to an electorate of 1,057,000 in England and Wales.
- South African diamond fields discovered.
- Fenian rising in Ireland.
- Prohibition National Committee formed.
- Wasps R.F.C. formed in Middlesex, England (see London Wasps and Wasps FC).
- Gorse naturalised in New Zealand, soon becomes worst invasive weed.
- At historic Fountain Point, Michigan, artesian water spring gushes continuously till present day.
|Ab urbe condita||2620|
|British Regnal year||30 Vict. 1 – 31 Vict. 1|
|Chinese calendar|| 丙寅年十一月廿六日
— to —丁卯年十二月初六日
|- Vikram Samvat||1923–1924|
|- Shaka Samvat||1789–1790|
|- Kali Yuga||4968–4969|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||867–868|
|Japanese calendar|| Keiō 3
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||45 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2410|
January - June
- January 8 - Emily Greene Balch, American writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1961)
- January 17 - Carl Laemmle, German-born film executive (d. 1939)
- January 18 - Rubén Darío, Nicaraguan poet (d. 1916)
- January 20 - Yvette Guilbert, French singer and actress (d. 1944)
- January 21
- January 29 - Carl L. Boeckmann Norwegian-American artist (d. 1923)
- February 3 - Charles Henry Turner African American entomologist (d. 1923)
- February 7 - Laura Elizabeth Wilder, née Ingalls, American children's author (d. February 10, 1957)
- February 14 - Sakichi Toyoda Japanese inventor and industrialist (d. 1930)
- February 21 - Otto Hermann Kahn, German-born millionaire and philanthropist (d. 1934)
- February 27 - Wilhelm Peterson-Berger, Swedish composer (d. 1942)
- March 25 - Arturo Toscanini, Italian conductor (d. 1957)
- March 29 - Cy Young, baseball player (d. 1955)
- April 2 - Eugen Sandow, German-born body builder and circus performer (d. 1925)
- April 7 - Holger Pedersen, Danish linguist (d. 1953)
- April 9 - Chris Watson, third Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1941)
- April 10 - George William Russell, Irish nationalist, poet and artist (d. 1935)
- April 11 - Mark Keppel, Superintendent of Los Angeles County Schools (d. 1928)
- April 13 - Sammy Woods, English cricketer (d. 1931)
- April 16
- April 23 - Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger, Danish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1928)
- May 3 - J.T. Hearne, English cricketer (d. 1944)
- May 7 - Władysław Reymont, Polish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1925)
- May 14 - Kurt Eisner, German politician and publicist (d. 1919)
- May 26 - Mary of Teck (d. 1953)
- June 4 - Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, President of Finland (d. 1951)
- June 8 - Frank Lloyd Wright, American architect (d. 1959)
- June 28 - Luigi Pirandello, Italian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1936)
July - December
- July 8 - Käthe Kollwitz, German artist (d. 1945)
- July 10 - Prince Maximilian of Baden, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1929)
- July 25 - Alexander Rummler, American painter (d. 1959)
- July 27 - Enrique Granados, Spanish composer (d. 1916)
- July 28 - Charles Dillon Perrine, American-born astronomer (d. 1951)
- August 3 - Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1947)
- August 9 - Charles Ballantyne, Canadian politician (d. 1950)
- August 12 - Edith Hamilton, German-born educator and author (d. 1963)
- August 14 - John Galsworthy, English writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1933)
- August 22 - Maximilian Bircher-Benner, Swiss physician and nutritionist (d. 1939)
- September 28 - Kiichiro Hiranuma, 35th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1952)
- October 25 - Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general (d. 1937)
- October 31 - David Graham Phillips, American journalist and novelist (d. 1911)
- November 7 - Marie Curie, Polish-born scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry and physics (d. 1934)
- December 5 - Józef Piłsudski, Polish statesman andfield marshal (d. 1935)
- December 23 - Madam C.J. Walker, first African-American millionaire (d. 1919)
- December 24 - Kantaro Suzuki, 42nd Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1948)
- date unknown
- Thomas Coward, ornithologist (d. 1933)
- Sam Mussabini, Sports coach
- probable - Scott Joplin, American musician and composer (d. 1917)
January - June
- January 14 - Jean Auguste Ingres, French painter (b. 1780)
- January 30 - Emperor Kōmei of Japan (b. 1831)
- April 12 - Davi Canabarro, Gaúcho rebel revolucionary(b. 1796)
- April 27 - Benjamin Hall, 1st Baron Llanover, after whom Big Ben may be named (b. 1802)
- May 12 - Friedrich William Eduard Gerhard, German archaeologist (b. 1795)
- May 23 - William Crawshay II, industrialist (b. 1788)
- June 19 - Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico (executed) (b. 1832)
July - December
- July 31 - Benoît Fourneyron, French engineer and inventor of the turbine (b. 1802)
- August 25 - Michael Faraday, English chemist and physicist (b. 1791)
- August 31 - Charles Baudelaire, French writer (b. 1821)
- September 10 - Simon Sechter, Austrian music teacher (b. 1788)
- October 9 - Ignacy Feliks Dobrzyński, composer (b. 1807)
- 25 October - Abuna Salama III, metropolitan of the Ethiopian Church
- December 1 - Filaret, Metropolitan of Moscow, Russian Orthodox leader (b. 1782)
- December 26. - József Kossics, Catholic priest, writer, and ethnologist (b. 1788)