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|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1790s 1800s 1810s – 1820s – 1830s 1840s 1850s|
|Years:||1825 1826 1827 – 1828 – 1829 1830 1831|
The year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1828
January - March
- January 4 - France: The Vicomte de Martignac succeeds the Comte de Villèle as Prime Minister of France.
- January 22 - UK: The Duke of Wellington succeeds Lord Goderich as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
April - June
- April 11 - Foundation of Bahia Blanca
- May 26 - Feral child: Kaspar Hauser is discovered in Nuremberg, Germany.
- June 23 - Portugal: King Miguel I overthrows his niece Queen Maria II, beginning the Liberal Wars.
July - September
- August 11 - William Corder is hanged at Bury St. Edmunds, England, for the murder of Maria Marten at the Red Barn a year ago.
- August 27 – South America: Brazil and Argentina recognize the independence of Uruguay.
- September 29 - Russo-Turkish War, 1828-1829: Varna is taken by the Russian army.
October - December
- Science: Friedrich Wöhler synthesizes Urea, disproving a cornerstone of vitalism.
- Treaty of Turkmenchay: Russia captures Eastern Armenia from Persia.
- 1828 Siamese-Lao War: Siam invaded and sacked Vientiane.
- Typhoon kills approximately 10,000 in Kyūshū, Japan.
- 32,000 Angolans are sold in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
|Ab urbe condita||2581|
|British Regnal year||8 Geo. 4 – 9 Geo. 4|
|Chinese calendar|| 丁亥年十一月十五日
— to —戊子年十一月廿五日
|- Vikram Samvat||1884–1885|
|- Shaka Samvat||1750–1751|
|- Kali Yuga||4929–4930|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||828–829|
|Japanese calendar|| Bunsei 11
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||84 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2371|
January - June
- February 8 - Jules Verne, French author (d. 1905)
- March 18 - William Randal Cremer, English politician and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1908)
- March 20 - Henrik Ibsen, Norwegian playwright (d. 1906)
- May 8 - Jean Henri Dunant, Swiss founder of the Red Cross, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1910)
- May 8 - Sharbel Makhluf, Lebanese monk canonized in 1977 by Pope Paul VI (d. 1898)
- May 12 - Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English poet and painter (d. 1882)
July - December
- July 9 - Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Italian Catholic churchman (d. 1913)
- August 6 - Andrew Taylor Still, father of osteopathy (d. 1917)
- August 17 - Maria Deraismes, French feminist (d. 1894)
- September 8- Joshua Chamberlain, Leader of 20th Maine during the American Civil War, Governor of Maine, President of Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine
- Clarence Cook, American art critic and writer (d. 1900)
- September 9 ( O.S. August 28) - Leo Tolstoy, Russian writer (d. 1910)
- October 20 - Horatio Spafford, author of the hymn "It is Well with my Soul" (d. 1888)
- October 31 - Joseph Swan, English physicist and chemist (d. 1914)
- December 8 - Clinton B. Fisk, American temperance movement leader (d. 1890)
January - June
- January 10 - François de Neufchâteau, French statesman and intellectual figure (b. 1750)
- March 12 - Jack Randall, early boxing champion
- April 16 - Francisco Goya, Spanish painter (b. 1746)
- May 8 - Mauro Giuliani, Italian composer (b. 1781)
- May 16 - William Congreve, British rocket pioneer (b. 1772)
- May 28 - Daikokuya Kōdayū, Japanese castaway (b. 1751)
- June 21 - Leandro Fernández de Moratín, dramatist and poet (b. 1760)
July - December
- July 15 - Jean Antoine Houdon, French sculptor (b. 1741)
- July 21 - Charles Manners-Sutton, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1755)
- 20 September - George Bethune English, American explorer and writer (b. 1797)
- November 5 - Sophie Marie Dorothea of Württemberg, Empress of Paul I of Russia (b. 1759)
- November 19 - Franz Schubert, Austrian composer (b. 1797)
- December 4 - Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1770)
- December 22