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|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1760s 1770s 1780s – 1790s – 1800s 1810s 1820s|
|Years:||1790 1791 1792 – 1793 – 1794 1795 1796|
|1793 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology – Architecture –|
|Art – Literature ( Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Countries: Australia – Canada – Great Britain – United States|
|Leaders: State leaders – Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Works|
Year 1793 (MDCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1793
January - June
- January 2 - Russia and Prussia partition Poland.
- January 9 - Jean-Pierre Blanchard becomes the first to fly in a gas balloon in the United States.
- January 21 - After being found guilty of treason by the French Convention, "Citizen Capet" ie. Louis XVI of France is guillotined.
- February 1 - France declares war on Great Britain, the Netherlands and Spain (see French Revolutionary Wars).
- February 25 - George Washington holds the first Cabinet meeting as President of the United States.
- February 27 - The Giles resolutions are introduced to the United States House of Representatives asking the House to condemn Alexander Hamilton's handling of loans.
- March 1 - John Langdon becomes President Pro Tempore of the United States Senate until March 3.
- March 4 - George Washington is sworn in as President of the United States in Philadelphia, for his second term.
- March 5 - French troops are defeated by Austrian forces and Liège is recaptured.
- March 7 - France declares war on Spain.
- March 18 - The first republican state in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann.
- April 1 - Unsen volcano erupts in Japan and causes an earthquake: about 53000 dead.
- April 6 - Committee of Public Safety established in France with Georges Danton as its head.
- April 22 - George Washington signs the Neutrality Proclamation.
- May 31 - Regular troops under François Hanriot demand that the Girondins must be expelled from the national convention.
- June - George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney reaches Canton.
- June 2 - The Girondins are overthrown.
- June 10 - The Jardin des Plantes and the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle created by the National Convention. It opened in Paris the following year and would also become the first public zoo.
July - December
- July 9 - Act Against Slavery is passed in Upper Canada.
- July 13 - Charlotte Corday kills Jean-Paul Marat in his bath.
- July 17 - Execution of Charlotte Corday is held.
- July 22 - Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing north of Mexico.
- July 29 - John Graves Simcoe decides to build a fort and settlement at Toronto, having sailed into the bay there.
- August 10 - Feast of Unity: Crowds in Paris burn monarchist emblems.
- August 23 - Universal conscription occurs in France.
- September 5 - In France, the French National Convention votes to implement terror measures to repress French Revolutionary activities. The ensuing " Reign of Terror" will last until the spring of 1794 and causes death of 35,000-40,000 people.
- October 12 - The cornerstone of Old East, the oldest state university building in the United States, is laid in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, on the campus of the University of North Carolina. The 12th of October is now celebrated at the University as University Day.
- November 8 - In Paris, the French Revolutionary government opens the Louvre to the public as a museum.
- October 14 - Trial of Marie Antoinette begins
- October 15 - Marie Antoinette condemned to death.
- October 16 - Execution of Marie Antoinette is held.
- October 24 - French Revolutionary Calendar begins.
- October 28 - Eli Whitney applied for a patent for his cotton gin, (the patent was granted the following March).
- October 31 - Execution of arrested Girondist leaders in France, by a guillotine.
- December 8 - Execution of Madame du Barry is held.
- December 9 - New York City's first daily newspaper, the American Minerva, is established by Noah Webster.
- December 18 - French forces under Dugommier capture Toulon from royalists and British forces under Vice Admiral Lord Hood. The British fire the dockyards and take sixteen ships, one of which is HMS Lutine, a famous treasure ship.
- British admiralty begins to supply citrus juice to Navy ships to prevent scurvy.
- Claude Chappe presents his semaphore in France - 15 stations built within a year.
- In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania more than 4000 die from yellow fever
- Roman Catholicism banned in France.
- First Coalition against France is formed.
- Holy Roman Empire declares war on France.
- First year of regular production for the United States Mint.
- Construction begins on the United States Capitol building.
- Niccolò Paganini debuts as a violin virtuoso at age 11.
- The French Republican Calendar is first used.
|Ab urbe condita||2546|
|British Regnal year||33 Geo. 3 – 34 Geo. 3|
|Chinese calendar|| 壬子年十一月十九日
— to —癸丑年十一月廿九日
|- Vikram Samvat||1849–1850|
|- Shaka Samvat||1715–1716|
|- Kali Yuga||4894–4895|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||793–794|
|Japanese calendar|| Kansei 5
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||119 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2336|
- January 3 - Lucretia Mott, American women's rights activist and abolitionist (d. 1880)
- January 14 - John C. Clark, American politician (d. 1852)
- March 2 - Sam Houston, President of the Republic of Texas (d. 1863)
- March 3 - William Charles Macready, English actor (d. 1873)
- March 4 - Karl Lachmann, German philologist (d. 1851)
- March 6 - William Dick, Founder of Edinburgh Veterinary College (d. 1866)
- April 19 - Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria (d. 1875)
- June 1 - Augustus Earle, Artist (d. 1838)
- June 6 - Edward C. Delevan, American temperance movement leader (d. 1871)
- September 25 - Felicia Hemans, British poet (d. 1835)
- November 3 - Stephen F. Austin, American pioneer (d. 1836)
- January 26 - Francesco Guardi, Italian painter (b. 1712)
- January 21 - King Louis XVI of France (executed) (b. 1754)
- February 1 - William Wildman Shute Barrington, British statesman (b. 1717)
- February 6 - Carlo Goldoni, Italian playwright (b. 1707)
- March 2 - Carl Gustaf Pilo, Swedish-born artist
- March 4 - Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, duc de Penthièvre, French admiral (b. 1725)
- March 20 - William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, Scottish judge and politician (b. 1705)
- March 26 - John Mudge, English physician and inventor (b. 1721)
- April 15 - Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary and geographer (b. 1718)
- April 29
- Yechezkel Landau, Polish rabbi and Talmudist (b. 1713)
- John Michell, English scientist (b. 1724)
- May 3 - Martin Gerbert, German theologian and historian (b. 1720)
- May 7 - Pietro Nardini, Italian composer (b. 1722)
- May 20 - Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist (b. 1720)
- June 26 - Gilbert White, English ornithologist (b. 1720)
- July 13 - Jean-Paul Marat, Swiss-born French Revolutionary leader (assassinated) (b. 1743)
- July 17 - Charlotte Corday, French assassin of Jean-Paul Marat (executed) (b. 1768)
- July 23 - Roger Sherman, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1721)
- August 22 - Louis, 4th duc de Noailles, Marshal of France (b. 1713)
- August 28 - Adam Philippe, Comte de Custine, French general (executed) (b. 1740)
- October 7 - Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, English politician (b. 1718)
- October 8 - John Hancock, American patriot and businessman (b. 1737)
- October 9 - Jean Joseph Marie Amiot, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1718)
- October 16 - Marie Antoinette, Queen of France (executed) (b. 1755)
- October 31
- November 3 - Olympe de Gouges, French playwright (executed) (b. 1748)
- November 6 - Louis Philip II, Duke of Orléans, French noble and revolutionary leader (executed) (b. 1747)
- November 8 - Madame Roland, French Revolutionary hostess (executed) (b. 1754)
- November 10 - Jean Marie Roland, French revolutionary leader (suicide) (b. 1734
- November 24 - Clément Charles François de Laverdy, French statesman (b. 1723)
- November 29 - Antoine Barnave, French revolutionary leader (executed) (b. 1761)
- December 4 - Armand-Guy-Simon de Coetnempren, comte de Kersaint, French revolutionary leader (executed) (b. 1742)
- December 5 - Jean-Paul Rabaut Saint-Etienne French revolutionary leader (executed) (b. 1743)
- December 7 - Joseph Bara, French Revolution child-hero (b. 1780)
- December 8
- Étienne Clavière, French financier and politician (suicide) (b. 1735)
- Madame du Barry, French courtesan (executed) (b. 1743)
- December 23 - Johann Adolph Hasse, German composer (b. 1699)
- Timur Shah, King of Kabul, King of Herat, King of Kandahar, King of Peshawar (b. 1748)