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|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1720s 1730s 1740s – 1750s – 1760s 1770s 1780s|
|Years:||1754 1755 1756 – 1757 – 1758 1759 1760|
|1757 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology – Architecture –|
|Art – Literature ( Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Countries: Canada – Great Britain –|
|Leaders: State leaders – Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Works|
Year 1757 (MDCCLVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1757
January - June
- January 2 - Britain captures Calcutta.this was part of the fighting in the 7 year war/ french indian war.
- January 5 - Robert-François Damiens makes an unsuccessful assassination attempt on Louis XV of France.
- March 14 - Seven Years' War: On-board the HMS Monarch, Royal Navy Admiral John Byng is executed by firing squad for breach of the Articles of War.
- May 6 - Seven Years' War: Battle of Prague: Frederick the Great defeats an Austrian army and begins to besiege the city.
- June 18 - Seven Years' War: Battle of Kolin: Frederick is defeated by an Austrian army under Marshal Daun, forcing him to evacuate Bohemia.
- June 23 - Battle of Plassey: 3000 British troops under Robert Clive defeat a 50,000 strong Indian army under Siraj ud-Daulah at Plassey.
July - December
- July 26 - Seven Years' War: Battle of Hastenbeck: An Anglo-Hanoverian army under the Duke of Cumberland is defeated by the French under Louis d'Estrées and forced out of Hanover.
- July 30 - Seven Years' War: Battle of Gross-Jägersdorf: A Prussian army under Hans von Lehwald is defeated by the Russian army of Marshal Stepan Apraksin.
- August 3 - August 9 - French and Indian War: A French army under Louis-Joseph de Montcalm forces the English to surrender Fort William Henry. The French army's Indian allies slaughter the survivors for unclear reasons
- October 16 - Seven Years' War: Hungarian raiders plunder Berlin.
- October 30 - Osman III dies and is succeeded as Ottoman Sultan by Mustafa III.
- November 5 - Seven Years' War: Battle of Rossbach: Frederick defeats the French-Imperial army under the Duc de Soubise and Prince Joseph of Saxe-Hildburghausen, forcing the French to withdraw from Saxony.
- November 22 - Seven Years' War: Battle of Breslau: An Austrian army under Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine defeats the Prussian army of Wilhelm of Brunswick-Bevern and forces the Austrians behind the Oder.
- December 6 - Seven Years' War: Battle of Leuthen: Frederick defeats Prince Charles's Austrian army in what is generally considered the Prussian king's greatest tactical victory.
|Ab urbe condita||2510|
|British Regnal year||30 Geo. 2 – 31 Geo. 2|
|Chinese calendar|| 丙子年十一月十二日
— to —丁丑年十一月廿一日
|- Vikram Samvat||1813–1814|
|- Shaka Samvat||1679–1680|
|- Kali Yuga||4858–4859|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||757–758|
|Japanese calendar|| Hōreki 7
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||155 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2300|
- January 16 - Vice-Admiral Sir Richard Goodwin Keats Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1834)
- February 20 - John 'Mad Jack' Fuller, English philanthropist (d. 1834)
- April 9 - Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth, British admiral (d. 1833)
- May 30 - Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1844)
- June 18 - Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Argentine leader (d. 1833)
- June 22 - George Vancouver, British explorer (d. 1798)
- July 20 - Garsevan Chavchavadze, Georgian diplomat and politician (d. 1811)
- August 9 - Thomas Telford, British Engineer & Architect (d. 1834)
- September 6 - Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, French soldier and statesman (d. 1834)
- October 9 - King Charles X of France (d. 1836)
- October 21 - Pierre Augereau, Marshal of France and duc de Castiglione (d. 1816)
- November 1 - Antonio Canova, Italian sculptor (d. 1822)
- November 28 - William Blake, English poet (d. 1827)
- December 17 - Nathaniel Macon, American politician (d. 1837)
- December 25 - Benjamin Pierce, American politician (d. 1839)
- January 9 - Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle, French scientist and man of letters (born 1657)
- January 19 - Thomas Ruddiman, Scottish classical scholar (born 1664)
- March 1 - Edward Moore, English writer (born 1712)
- March 8 - Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar (born 1701)
- March 12 - Giuseppe Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect/painter (born 1696)
- March 14 - John Byng, British admiral (executed) (born 1704)
- March 27 - Johann Stamitz, Czech-born composer (born 1717)
- May 6 - Maximilian Ulysses Count Browne, Austrian field marshal (born 1705)
- May 6 - Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, British politician (born 1683)
- May 6 - Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin, Prussian field marshal (born 1684)
- July 23 - Domenico Scarlatti, Italian composer (born 1685)
- August 28 - David Hartley, English philosopher (born 1705)
- October 17 - René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, French scientist (born 1683)
- October 25 - Antoine Augustine Calmet, French theologian (born 1672)
- October 30 - Osman III, Ottoman Sultan (born 1699)
- November 12 - Colley Cibber, English poet (born 1671)
- December 11 - Edmund Curll, English bookseller and publisher (born 1675)