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FirstCrusade.jpg(340 × 360 pixels, file size: 63 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)


Detail of the Bible moralisée, French part, BNF Latin 11560, fol. 6, "execution of the faithful" ( digital image)

The image has nothing to do with the First Crusade (as falsely implied by the filename); it has nothing to do with the crusades in general other than in the chronological sense of its having been created just before or during the Seventh Crusade.

This image was uploaded to Wikimedia in 2005 under the misleading title of "FirstCrusade.jpg" with the claim that the image shows ta massacre of Jews at the hand of Crusaders. The reason for this was that the image had been used in such a context in a 1995 exhibition on antisemitism in Russia. An online version of this exhibition was made in 1999 ("Beyond the Pale") , where the image was given the caption "Three Jews, identifiable by their hats, are being put to the swords by Christian knights. Bible illustration; France, 1250." ( From there, the image found its way to the (former) website of the "Florida Holocaust Museum" ( 2003). From there, the image was eventually uploaded to Wikimedia.


This is a faithful photographic reproduction of an original two-dimensional work of art. The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason:
Public domain This work is in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.

The official position taken by the Wikimedia Foundation is that "faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain, and that claims to the contrary represent an assault on the very concept of a public domain". For details, see Commons:When to use the PD-Art tag.
This photographic reproduction is therefore also considered to be in the public domain.

Please be aware that depending on local laws, re-use of this content may be prohibited or restricted in your jurisdiction. See Commons:Reuse of PD-Art photographs.

The following pages on Schools Wikipedia link to this image (list may be incomplete):

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