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File:September Smoke Over the Amazon from 2005-2008.png


English: This series of images shows aerosols (particles in the air) over the Amazon each September for 4 burning seasons (2005 through 2008). The aerosol scale (yellow to dark reddish-brown) indicates the relative amount of particles that absorb sunlight. (In scientific terms, the image shows aerosol absorption optical depth, which is a measure of how much the smoke particles are absorbing and attenuating incoming sunlight.) Aerosol amounts changed significantly from year to year. Levels were relatively high in 2005, relatively low in 2006, intensified in 2007, and then dropped off dramatically in 2008. The 2005 dry season intensified into a full-blown drought; the drought probably contributed significantly to the heightened fire activity that year. The subsequent drop in 2006 was probably due, at least in part, to a regulatory reaction to the previous season’s devastation. On the other hand, neither the dramatic increase in fires and smoke in 2007, nor the equally dramatic decrease in 2008 seems to be linked to the weather. Scientists studying these patterns conclude that these variations were probably linked to socio-economic factors like market conditions and regulation. These observations were made by the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on NASA's Aura satellite. Image based on OMI aerosol data provided by Omar Torres and Changwoo Ahn (Hampton University). Instrument: Aura - OMI
Date 30 June 2009
Source NASA Earth Observatory
Author Jesse Allen


Public domain This file is in the public domain because it was solely created by NASA. NASA copyright policy states that "NASA material is not protected by copyright unless noted". (See Template:PD-USGov, NASA copyright policy page or JPL Image Use Policy.)
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