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English: This calligraphic fragment is executed in fine shikastah (literally, "broken") script and includes an initial bismillah and chapters (surahs) 1 and 114 of the Qur'an. At the top appears the first chapter of the Qur'an, entitled al-Fatihah (The Opening).
These two short surahs from the Qur'an appear together here probably because they are short, easily memorized, and recited aloud. It is quite unusual, however, to find Qur'anic verses executed in shikastah, a very fluid script invented in Persia (Iran) by the 18th-century calligrapher Darvish 'Abd al-Majid al-Taliqani (Tavoosi 1987: 34-35). During the 18th and 19th centuries, Qur'ans were written in naskh or nasta'liq, as these scripts were more legible than shikastah. For this reason, this particular fragment stands out as scarce proof that some Qur'anic ayahs were executed in shikastah in Iran during the 18th-19th centuries.
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