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File:2nd century Hebrew decalogue.jpg

English: The w:Nash Papyrus, a collection of four papyrus fragments acquired in Egypt by W. L. Nash and first described by Stanley A. Cook in 1903. The fragments were the oldest Hebrew fragments known at that time which contained a portion of the biblical pre- Masoretic text, specifically the Ten Commandments and the w:Shema Yisrael prayer. The order the commandments listed in the Nash papyrus differs from that of the w:Hebrew Bible and w:Septuagint. See David Noel Freedman, The Nine Commandments (Doubleday, 2000) p.87. Though dated by Cook to the 2nd century, subsequent reappraisals have pushed the date back to the 2nd century BC. In addition to biblical text, it also exhibits a few unique readings. The papyrus was probably copied from a liturgical work.
Date Second or first century BC
Source Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archæology, Volume 25 (January-December 1903), p. 56
Author Unknown
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