Checked content



English: Frontispiece, Diamond Sutra from Cave 17, Dunhuang, ink on paper.

A page from the Diamond Sutra, printed in the 9th year of Xiantong Era of the Tang Dynasty, i.e. 868 CE. Currently located in the British Library, London.

According to the British Library, it is “the earliest complete survival of a dated printed book”.

British Library Or.8210/P.2

Deutsch: Seite des Diamant-Sutra. Gedruckt im 9. Jahr der Ära Xiántōng der Tang-Dynastie (868 n. Chr.) ist es das weltweit älteste vollständig erhaltene, sicher zu datierende Exemplar des Buchdrucks.
Date 868 (date of Diamond Sutra)
Source Zoomable image from the British Library's Online Gallery. Originally uploaded to en:Wikipedia ( log) in January 2008 by Fconaway ( talk) and in November 2009 by Earthsound ( talk).
English: The colophon, at the inner end, reads: Reverently [caused to be] made for universal free distribution by Wang Jie on behalf of his two parents on the 13th of the 4th moon of the 9th year of Xiantong [i.e. 11th May, CE 868 ].


This is a faithful photographic reproduction of an original two-dimensional work of art. The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason:
Public domain This work is in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.

The official position taken by the Wikimedia Foundation is that "faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain, and that claims to the contrary represent an assault on the very concept of a public domain". For details, see Commons:When to use the PD-Art tag.
This photographic reproduction is therefore also considered to be in the public domain.

Please be aware that depending on local laws, re-use of this content may be prohibited or restricted in your jurisdiction. See Commons:Reuse of PD-Art photographs.

derivative works

Derivative works of this file:

Derivative works of this file:

The following pages on Schools Wikipedia link to this image (list may be incomplete):

Find out about Schools Wikipedia

Through Schools Wikipedia, SOS Children's Villages has brought learning to children around the world. SOS Childrens Villages is a global charity founded in 1949 to give children who have lost everything the childhood they deserve. Have you thought about sponsoring a child?