How to Use Your Turn Signal

Two Methods:Using Turn Signals to Make a TurnUsing Turn Signals to Merge Into or Out of Traffic

Part of safe driving is letting other drivers around you know what you intend to do. Using your turn signals is not difficult, and it's generally required by law whenever you make a turn or change lanes. By providing a signal, you communicate to others on the road. This keeps you and other drivers safe and prevents accidents.

Method 1
Using Turn Signals to Make a Turn

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    Locate the lever on the left side of the steering column.[1] The turn signal is a long lever, usually black or gray in color. When moved up or down, this lever will cause a light on either the left or right side of your car to flash.
    • The turn signal will not make a sound or light the signal light on your car unless the car is running.
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    Use the turn signal to indicate a turn to the left. To signal a left turn, wait until you are approximately 30 yards from the corner around which you intend to turn.[2] Ensure you are in the left-turn lane, then push the turn signal lever down gently with your left hand. When the turn signal locks in place, you’ll be able to see a flashing arrow directed to the left on your instrument cluster. You’ll also hear a tick-tock sound which clicks in time with the flashing of the light. This indicates that the signal is operating properly. Return your hand to the steering wheel and continue driving.
    • Keep your right hand on the wheel while flicking the signal lever down with your left hand.
    • Turn on the signal before braking to let other drivers know why you are slowing.
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    Indicate a right-hand turn with the turn signal.[3] To signal a right turn, wait until you are within about 30 yards of the corner you wish to round. Ensure you are in the right-turn lane, then move the lever up with your left hand. The series of events which follow are similar to those which occur when making a signal to turn towards the left.
    • Once you have moved the lever up, an arrow light will begin blinking on the dashboard instrument cluster. You will also hear a metronome-like sound at regular intervals which clicks in time with the flashing light on your instrument cluster.
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    Ensure your turn signal turns off after your turn has been completed. Normally, the signal will automatically turn off after you have made the turn. Some turns which are at angles of less than ninety degrees, however, might not trigger the automatic suspension of the turn signal after you’ve made the turn. Failing to turn your turn signal off after you have completed a turn can be illegal and cause confusion for other drivers.[4]
    • It is easy to see if your turn signal is still on after you’ve made a turn. Just check the indicator panel above and just behind your steering wheel. Listen for the rhythmic tick-tock sound of the signal blinking on and off. If you see the indicator light blinking or hear the signal sound, reach over to the signal lever with your left hand and gently move it to the “off” position.
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    Signal your turn even if you are in a turning lane. Some traffic lanes are reserved for left or right turns only. While it might seem unnecessary to indicate you’re turning when it should be obvious based on the lane you’re in, use the turn signal anyway. Drivers who are not familiar with the area or who cannot see the signs due to multiple vehicles ahead of them in the lane will appreciate the indication as to where you are headed, and could clue them into the fact that your lane is for turning in a given direction. Plus, the law requires that you make a turn with your turn signal.
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    Don’t turn your turn signal on too soon.[5] Only activate your turn signal when there are no intervening streets or alleys between you and the place you wish to turn. If you turn your signal on too soon, someone might think you are turning into a parking lot or down a street which you actually are not. This confusion could lead to an accident or to you being cut off.

Method 2
Using Turn Signals to Merge Into or Out of Traffic

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    Use your turn signal when pulling out from the curb.[6] Before leaving a parking spot on the side of the street, it is important to indicate you’re about to merge into traffic. After getting in your car, activate your turn signal in the direction you wish to merge. For instance, if you are parked on the right side of the street and you wish to merge into the lane parallel to your vehicle on the left side, activate your left-hand turn signal by pulling down on the signal lever.
    • Check your side mirror to ensure there is space in the flow of traffic to pull out, then turn your wheel hard to the left and accelerate gently.
    • Return the signal lever to the neutral (starting) position by pushing up gently on it.
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    Get on a highway with your turn signal. When merging onto the highway, accelerate quickly so that you attain the speed appropriate for highway driving. About halfway down the on-ramp, flick your left-hand turn signal on. This will demonstrate that you want to get over, but remember, you do not have the right-of-way when merging. Be careful when merging into high-speed traffic.
    • While some highways are constructed in such a way that there is no other option but to merge, some on-ramps turn into independent lanes which connect to the next exit if it is nearby. In either case, using your turn signal will alert other highway drivers to your desire to merge, and will give them time to slow down or change lanes in order to let you do so.
    • Look out your left-side window when merging into highway traffic, that way, you can see where cars are relative to you, and will be able to time your merge better. Check your rear-view mirror and left side mirror as you merge in order to identify a gap in the flow of traffic.
    • Once you’ve found your gap, merge quickly to the left.[7] Spend no more than 2-3 seconds moving from the on-ramp to the highway proper.
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    Exit the highway with your turn signal. If you need to get off the highway, position yourself in the far-right lane on the highway. If your exit ramp is on the left, position yourself in the far-left lane of the highway. Turn the appropriate turn signal on when you’re about 100 yards from the off-ramp. Do not slow down as you approach the off-ramp.[8] Only modify your speed and adjust your turn-signal once you are on the off-ramp.
    • Once you’ve hit the off-ramp, adjust your turn signal lever to indicate your next move. If you’re going straight, place it in the neutral position. If you’re turning left, press the lever down. If turning right, you can keep your signal on in the right-hand turn position all the way to the end of the off-ramp.
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    Indicate when you wish to change lanes with your turn signal. If, for instance, you are in the right lane and want to change to the left lane, you can do easily and safely by employing your turn signal.
    • First, put your turn signal on in the direction you wish to go. To move into the right lane, push your turn signal up to let others know you wish to move to the right. To move into the left lane, push your turn signal lever down to indicate that you wish to move into the left lane.
    • Activate the turn signal at least five seconds before you wish to change lanes.[9]
    • Don’t switch the signal on for just one or two flickers. Place it in the locked position just as you would when making a turn.
    • If all is clear, turn your wheel slightly toward the lane you wish to merge into. Once you’re completely within the boundaries of the lane, move your left hand to your turn signal lever and switch it off.
    • Do not cross multiple lanes of traffic with a single activation of your turn signal. If you know you need to cross many lanes, give yourself the adequate time and space to do so. Plan your lane merges ahead of time.


  • Remember: your turn signal is to warn drivers that you don't see (i.e. blind spot) what you are going to do.
  • Test your turn signal regularly to ensure it is working.
  • Use a turn signal every time you change lanes or make a turn.
  • Always check for other drivers when changing lanes, and for pedestrians when rounding a corner.[10]
  • Signal, then look and turn. You'll give others more time to notice you. Some kind drivers may even make way for you.


  • Always look where you are going and do not turn unless it is safe to do so.
  • When signaling, make sure at least one hand is on the wheel at all times.

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Categories: Driving Basics