How to Treat Peptic Ulcer

A peptic ulcer is an open sore in the lining of your stomach or the area of your small intestine known as the duodenum. Stress does not cause a peptic ulcer. The cause is a germ called helicobacter pylori or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin. Pain is the most common symptom of a peptic ulcer. Some complications of an ulcer include developing an infection called peritonitis, bleeding internally and forming scar tissue. Therefore, it's important to know how to treat a peptic ulcer to avoid further pain or complications.


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    Confirm the diagnoses of a peptic ulcer. You doctor can prescribe the best course of treatment.
    • Inform your doctor about all your symptoms and about any medications you're currently taking.
    • Undergo a physical examination and a blood and stool test.
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    Take medication. You have six options depending on the severity of your peptic ulcer.
    • Develop a taste for strongly flavoured plants in the genus of Brassica, red cabbage being an easy choice. Drink the juice of it or eat the plant whole for a fibre bonus.
    • You doctor may prescribe antibiotics such as clarithromycin or tetracycline for approximately 2 weeks. The antibiotics kill the H. pylori in your digestive tract.
    • Acid blockers, commonly called H-2 blockers, cause your digestive tract to reduce its production of acid. Your doctor may prescribe the medication or instruct you to buy over-the-counter (OTC) acid blocker medication such as Pepcid or Zantac.
    • You can also take prescribed acid blocking or OTC medication that stops the cells that produce acid from working properly. The medications, referred to as proton pump inhibitors, are OTC products like Nexium or Prevacid.
    • Cytoprotective agents such as Cytotec and Carafate may be prescribed by your doctor to protect your small intestine and stomach's lining from further damage.
    • Your doctor may prescribe antacids to neutralize acid already in your stomach. The antacids quickly relieve peptic ulcer pain and may be prescribed along with other medications.
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    Return to the doctor for a checkup after finishing your course of treatment.
    • Your doctor will want to make sure your peptic ulcer has healed properly.
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    • If you are still feeling pain, your doctor may recommend you undergo an endoscopy to eliminate any other causes of your symptoms. Your doctor may determine if other treatment is necessary.
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  • Surgery to either remove the peptic ulcer or reduce the acid in your stomach is rare. The treatment option is usually for peptic ulcers that won't heal, continuously return, become perforated, bleed or block food from leaving your stomach.


  • A refractory ulcer, which is a peptic ulcer that doesn't heal, occurs for different reasons. For example, helicobacter pylori are resistant to antibiotics. Not taking medication as prescribed can cause a refractory ulcer. In addition, regularly smoking tobacco or using pain relievers may interfere with treatment.

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Categories: Intestinal and Digestive Health