How to Train a Belgian Malinois

Six Parts:Starting YoungThe Sit and Down CommandsPuppy HygieneLeaving the Puppy Behind and Arriving After WorkHaving Breakfast, Dinner or LunchMaintaining Health

A Belgian Malinois is a herding type of dog. It has similar attributes to a German Shepherd dog but is more agile in the sense that its body conformation is a perfect rectangle.[citation needed] If you want to really train a Belgian Malinois, you need to start it young, which is about 2 to 3 months old. Each training session will only take 30 minutes to 1 hour per day. The dog can be trained until it reaches 2 years old.

Part 1
Starting Young

  1. 1
    Train from the beginning. After you take the puppy out from its nest, you have to immediately introduce it to paper training. Have it smell all the areas in your house. Have ample fresh water for it to drink.
    • Add to the training the crate. It needs to know where its going to sleep every day. Make the puppy understand that his place is the crate and not your couch or your room.
    • Use only a leather collar leash instead of a choke collar.
    • Buy toys for the puppy and have it play after every training session.
  2. 2
    Hold the dog by its nape during the training sessions. This is trying to establish that you are the alpha instead of it.
  3. 3
    Feed the puppy the same time each day and three times a day. Keep a record notebook of the training sessions and the routines that you do each day.
  4. 4
    Introduce the puppy to varying activities and sites. For example, bring it to the marketplace, ride a bicycle and have the puppy tail beside you. Make it accustomed to different noises, like trumpets, toy guns, radio, vacuum cleaner and many more. After a month of paper training, introduce it outside the house and have it pee and poop there.
    • Do this every morning, noon and evening after dinner. You need to do this routine every day, until it learns the trick.

Part 2
The Sit and Down Commands

  1. 1
    Teach the dog to sit. When you want to make the puppy sit, just push its rear down while you are holding the leash and at the same time saying the word sit. In this way, it will learn that you want it to sit.
    • About 10 to 15 repetitions will do the trick.
    • Of course, you need to reward it every time the dog does the right job, like giving it treats such as food or affection.
    • Do this routine everyday for ten days until the puppy knows what it needs to do.
  2. 2
    Introduce the down command once the sit command has been mastered. First ask the dog to sit. Then push it down at the same time saying the word Down. Keep repeating this routine for a maximum of 30 minutes. Do it again in the afternoon.
    • Keep in mind the positive reinforcement technique by saying "Good boy/girl" when it does the right thing.
    • Always record your progress in your small notebook. Also record the places that have been introduced to the puppy.

Part 3
Puppy Hygiene

  1. 1
    Keep the dog groomed. A well-groomed dog is a happy and healthy dog. You need to bathe your puppy every week. Use the proper shampoo for the dog, introduce anti-lice powder, and dry it properly with a dryer and dry sheets every time. Clean its paws too, as well as its mouth and ears.
    • Use clean cotton balls wet with a little water and rubbing alcohol and rub it gently on its inner ears.
    • Inspect the body the head and the front and hind legs. Also inspect its eyes.
  2. 2
    Have a toilet break. After bathing have it pee outside the house. Walk it around for awhile until its body is sun dried.

Part 4
Leaving the Puppy Behind and Arriving After Work

  1. 1
    Just leave when you need to leave, no need to caress the dog during that time. When you arrive home from work just go inside the gate and into the house but don't caress it, to avoid the jumping actions. Instead, have the dog sit and pet it about three time and let it down. This is enough. Or, if you brought home some treats, this is the right time to give the dog the treat when it is in the down position.

Part 5
Having Breakfast, Dinner or Lunch

  1. 1
    Make it clear that your mealtime is separate from the dog's. As this dog is a work in progress, you need to teach your Belgian Malinois that it is not proper for it to stand in front you while you're eating your meal. Instead, have it in the down position near the doorway while you and your family are having your meals. Don't give any food during this time.
    • Always have the dog in the down position facing the doorway. This will enforce discipline for your Belgian Malinois. When taught properly, every Belgian Malinois will eventually become the apple of its owners' eyes.

Part 6
Maintaining Health

  1. 1
    Observe your Belgian Malinois every day for basic health. Note how it is walking, the way the dog eats. If anything out of the ordinary shows up, or if there is a manifestation of sickness, go to the veterinarian immediately and have the dog checked. This avoids further complications later on.
  2. 2
    Treat parasite infections. You need to have the dog deloused every month and dewormed every six months. This is proper health management. Lice infestation, especially in the ears, will develop into hematomas and will cost you a lot afterwards. This could also destroy the erectness of its hears, once the hematomas develop, you won't see the erect ears anymore.


  • Play is essential in a dog's life. Give it a small rubber ball to play and train it how to fetch and drop the ball in your hands.
  • All Malinois have high prey drives, meaning they would chase small animals like cats, toy dogs, small dogs, even bikers and probably little children, especially when these are running. So you need to watch out for these and held tight on their leash every time you encountered such distractions.
  • Never pet them when in they're on the negative mode, like when they're scared of a something, for example thunderbolts. They would interpret this action as some sort of praise. And you wouldn't want this to develop into a habit.
  • The Malinois is a herding type of dog, so don't get annoyed if they tend to follow you all around the house every time you move around. The trick is, give them something to work on to. Like providing a toy, or giving the command STAY.
  • The good news is, they're not voracious eaters. So maintaining them will not be so much as a problem.
  • If you intend to prepare them as a guard dog however, it is wise not to let anyone pet them or touch them except your family members and yourself.


  • Avoid treating your puppy harshly while its still young.
  • Never fed chocolates to your puppy, they're not good for dogs. Nor is shellfish––the dog will likely develop severe allergies to it.

  • Watch what your puppy is eating; it could be swallowing plastic toys or stones that may damage its stomach and cause bleeding in its poop.

Article Info

Categories: Articles in Need of Sources | Working with Dogs