How to Take Care of Your Skin

Three Methods:Skin type and treatmentsGeneral skin care for all skin typesDIY Skin Care Remedies

The skin is the largest organ in the human body and one of the beautiful things about it is that it shows what is going on inside. The first thing to do for the skin is to make sure that you eat the right foods, drink a lot of water and also, have a good skincare regimen.

Method 1
Skin type and treatments

There are five general skin types: oily, dry, normal, combination and sensitive. Sensitive skin may be combined with any one of the aforementioned types, especially with dry skin; so always make sure to go for products with the sensitive label.

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    Dry Skin: If your skin tends to have an old appearance, looks ashy or feels tight, then it is considered dry. In more extreme cases, dry skin lacks elasticity and can be extremely sensitive to the sun, wind, and cold temperatures. Since you have dry skin, you have to make sure that you do not expose your skin to extreme weather for long periods of time and always moisturize.
    • Treatment: Find a moisturizing bath soap or body wash with natural oils like almond, coconut or olive oil. Any other oil of your choice is ok if you have preference. Weekly treatments are recommended for your skin. Fill a tub with honey, milk and half a cup of any nourishing oil and add boiling hot water to the mix. Wait for it is cool to your desired temperature then soak for as long as you want; the longer the better. For ladies, make sure to exfoliate every other day and always wash your makeup off. Since you have dry skin, exfoliate gently and every two days and moisturize every morning and night before bed. For makeup, make sure to use only the ones with natural products. Such brands like Bare Minerals comes highly recommended. Try their tinted moisturizer collection.
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    Oily Skin: If your sebaceous glands are always on the fritz and your face looks as though you swam across the Olive Oil Ocean, then you have oily skin. Chances are, you tend to break out easily. Whenever you do, do not prick your pimples or blackheads.
    • Treatment: Your skin tends to attract more dirt than dry skin, so wash your face twice a day with a good oil eliminating face scrub and warm water. Time for the big reveal.....Himalayas Herbals Excess Oil face scrub. Use it twice a day and it works so well you won't have to blot!
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    Normal Skin: Some consider normal skin to be combination skin, but it is not. If your skin is oily in the "T zone" and your nose while dry and taut on the cheeks, it is considered normal. It's also considered normal if it changes with seasons (dryer in winter, oilier in summer). Normal skins can also be 'Normal-To's' as in normal to oily or normal to dry.
    • Treatment: Wash your face with cleansers that are designed for your normal/normal-to skin type. Wipe an alcohol free, hydrating toner all over the face. Apply moisturizer more frequently to dry skin.
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    Combination Skin: Combination skin is comprised of two extreme skin types on one face. These situations occur when there is acne and a lot of oil in one area when the rest of the skin is generally dry (no oil).
    • Two common examples are dry skin with papular and pustular acne on the cheeks or a normal skin with inflamed papular and pustular acne in the chin and mouth area.
    • Treatment: Tend to each area appropriately as described above. If the acne is severe, consult a dermatologist or esthetician.
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    Sensitive Skin: Please note that you may have sensitive skin and normal, oily, or dry. If your skin has allergic reactions to beauty products and is usually sensitive to the sun, wind, and cold weather, it is sensitive. Sensitivity can show up in rash, redness, inflammation, acne, and dilated capillaries.
    • Treatment: Look for cleansers, toners, makeup, and moisturizers that are fragrance-free and hypoallergenic. Cleanse, tone and moisturize with gentle products everyday. The idea for your skin is to always choose products with a soothing benefit. Some common ingredients to look for are: chamomile, azulene, bisabolol, allantoin, lavender, camphor, calamine, rosemary, thyme, aloe vera, coconut oil etc.

Method 2
General skin care for all skin types

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    Prevent sun damage. Sunscreen is the real fountain of youth. Get into the habit of applying sunscreen or a lotion with minimum SPF 15 to 30 protection daily. Remember that the sun's rays can still be damaging in winter months as it reflects off snow. If you don't like taking the time to put on both moisturizer and sunscreen, buy a moisturizer with sunscreen.
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    Wash your face in the morning and in the evening. This is a vital step and you must remember to do this. Use a facial cleanser to wash your face with and a flannel or a sponge. Washing your face with a cleanser helps you get rid of any spots.
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    Exfoliate. wikiHow contains detailed guides on facial preparations, masks and scrubs. Never use walnut shells as they will cause micro tears. Avoid plastic microbeads as they pollute the environment and bioaccumulate up the food chain to fish. Experiment to discover what works for you.
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    Live a healthy lifestyle. Quit smoking. Few common items age the skin as effectively as tobacco. Eat a healthy diet which includes many fruits and vegetables. Reduce stress when possible.Use a moisturizer.Using one will replace the moisture and natural minerals that you have washed away when washing your face.
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    Drink plenty of water. This will keep you hydrated. If you don't, your body will suck out the moisture from your skin and give it to your body. This will dry out your skin and may cause spots and encourage breakouts.
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    Eat plenty of vitamin C enriched foods. For example, strawberries, bananas, and other common fruits are high in vitamins E, D and C.
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    Make sure you get a lot of exercise in the week. Make sure you sweat every now and then
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    Get enough sleep. Teenagers need around 8-10 hours and adults usually need around 8 hours of sleep. Not getting enough sleep will make you feel tired throughout the day and will also give you bags under your eyes which won't make it a healthy looking skin.
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    Reconsider your makeup routine. Although it looks as if your skin is healthy, makeup can give you spots and can encourage a load of breakouts. Make sure the make-up you use is formulated to avoid clogging pores.
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    Remove makeup before you go to bed. Sleeping with your makeup still on leads to bacteria build up, breakouts, and enlarged pores.[1]. If you are feeling lazy, makeup removal wipes will do the job just fine.
    • Have a bag of makeup removal wipes on your bed table if you feel like you are gonna forget.
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    Sanitize your tools. Wash your makeup brushes daily with lukewarm water and baby shampoo and softly towel dry with a clean piece of cloth. You can also sanitize afterwards by spraying rubbing alcohol on your clean brushes.
    • You can find small spray bottles at the dollar store.

Method 3
DIY Skin Care Remedies

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    Facial skin is the most visible, so I'll start with cheap home remedies here. Masks work wonders! 20 minutes a day of full fat Greek style yogurt on your face will BEGIN to clear up dark spots and pimples within a week for most people. After about a month, you will have glowing skin. Bonus, put the mask on your lips as well and it will get rid of flaky skin there. Just make sure you stick to it daily, and be sure to moisturize afterwards.
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    Wash your face with oatmeal. Oatmeal is a great way to combat acne, rashes, and flakiness. Any brand of plain oatmeal will do, just take a fistful and hold it under warm water for two or three minutes, then massage into wet skin for about a minute and rinse off. The oatmeal should not feel rough like you're scrubbing your skin.
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    Make a honey face mask. Honey is also a great mask. A thin layer left on the face for 20 minutes will add glow and moisture, and is also good against acne.
    • If you prefer to buy products rather than use home remedies, Neutrogena makes pretty good anti acne scrubs, and Cetaphil is good for sensitive skin.
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    Skip the shower, take a bath. If you can take a bath, that's a great way to provide skin care as well. Try exfoliating in the shower and then sitting in the tub, as any treatment you do will sink in better. Cold water tightens your skin.
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    Try some whole milk to remove dead skin. Whole milk is really great at removing old skin because of the lactic acid. Pour it directly into a hot bath. It is a bit drying, so don't stay more than 20 minutes and be sure to moisturize afterwards.
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    Use coconut milk in your bath. Coconut milk is really soothing on sunburn and a great moisturizer. You can literally find it in the grocery aisle. Just dump a can in the bath and relax (your tub will be slippery after, so be careful!).
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    Use oils to moisturize your skin. Moisturizing your skin is very important, and a number of natural oils mimic the proteins and fats in your body so they are particularly good. Some of the best are: vitamin E oil (read the label to make sure you're getting as pure oil as possible, as some brands mix it with other oils), jojoba oil (safe for face as well!), coconut oil, and shea butter. Olive oil (yes, the stuff for cooking) is great for some skin, but actually causes flaking for other people, so just pay attention to what your body does if you try it. If you live in a really wintry place, petroleum jelly is good to seal in moisture, but not as a moisturizer itself.
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    Try a spa day. Most spas will let you use their facilities without getting a pricey treatment (for instance, they will charge a separate $15 entrance fee), so if you want to occasionally try a hot tub or steam room, or even go Eastern European style with a cold plunge and then a sauna to invigorate your skin, sweat out toxins, and improve circulation, it's totally doable and you might like it!


  • Make sure you are getting a lot of vitamins, and eating healthy foods. Water is really effective too for skin.
  • Make sure you drink a lot of water so your skin won't look dry.
  • Vitamins are essential for healthy skin, especially vitamins A, B,and C. Vitamin E helps to improve the complexion when applied externally.
  • Avoid stretching or pulling on the delicate skin near your eyes when putting on creams or cosmetics. This delicate area shows age markings like wrinkles much sooner than it should when subjected to too much rough handling.
  • You may be able to improve your skin by taking care of your body such as with good hygiene, nutrition and exercise. Practice good hygiene such as taking showers with mild soap to reduce microbe count on skin. Occasionally use a strong bar soap strong enough the get rid of most microbes and rinse off soap well. Use exercise such as walking to reduce cellulite and improve muscle tone.
  • Carefully choose your facial scrub to match your pore size. The type and size of the grains in the face scrub can actually make the difference between exfoliated and irritated skin. Larger grains are more abrasive while tinier beads are more gentle.
  • Wash all cosmetics off as soon as you know you will not be going out again and avoid wearing cosmetics whenever possible to give your skin a rest.
  • Avoid touching your skin with high force or avoid scratching your skin as much as possible.
  • Lemon juice works well for reducing scars and making them lighter.
  • Washing your face with mild soap during the day cleans your skin from the dirt that causes black heads and pimples, although washing a lot may cause dryness. Note that you should visit a dermatologist to check your face if mild soap can be applicable to your skin.
  • Never pick at a blemish. Many poor results come of picking at breakouts, such as scarring, infection, or permanent enlargement of the pore. You are also more likely to get another breakout in the same place over time.
  • Clean your cellphone and any other device that may come in contact with your skin.
  • Make sure to clean your face daily for oily skin. If after using facial cleanser and it feels tight, then you're using something too strong.
  • If you have cystic acne, TOMS natural toothpaste is a great treatment. Apply on your cystic acne before you go to bed every night, and you will see a huge difference when you wake up. Keep using it.
  • Change the applicators and clean the brushes you use to apply make-up on a consistent basis. Bacteria and oils can build up in these places and then be spread back on the skin each time make-up is applied.
  • Never coat your entire face in foundation. Chances are, you only need a little bit in areas you are most self-conscious in.
  • Oil blotting sheets can help absorb oil through the day so you are not tempted to re-apply powder or foundation, or over wash your face.
  • If you're sunburned, apply some plain yogurt mixed with aloe vera gel on your skin. That will smooth the irritated skin.
  • Washing your face with a mixture of brown sugar and a few drops of milk (enough to form a mud-like consistency) washes away dirt and excess oil, leaving your skin feeling smooth and refreshed. This scrub can be left on your face for as long as you like.
  • Never go to bed while wearing makeup. Clean it with wipes or just wash your face with water.
  • Do not try chemical products unnecessarily because they can be harmful.
  • Use homemade masks to moisturize your skin. They're easy to make, and they really work! For instance, a mixture of grapes, lemon and egg white is very helpful for oily skin and honey promotes the healing of ulcers and burns. Fresh herbs ground into a paste and applied to problem skin may also help reduce skin problems.
  • Wash your pillowcase often and avoid wearing hair products to bed. The combination of hair products and facial oils on the pillowcase can cause blemishes.
  • If your skin gets a little stressed though e.g. due to plenty of sun, try Aloe Vera Gel with at least 90% pure aloe barbadensis leaf juice in it. Aloe vera is known for healing properties and can do wonders for the skin.
  • As good as a hot shower or bath feels, it can remove natural oils from your skin cause it to be dry and glow less. Instead, take a lukewarm bath or shower and before exiting stand under cold water for 5-10 seconds. This will leave your skin glowing and the natural oils and vitamins in your skin will stay.
  • Use a good moisturizer right after shower if you have dry skin. Drink loads of water.
  • Wash your face every day and night, also make sure you get the make up off your face. Especially under your eyes.
  • You should never rub your face with a towel after you wash your face. Always pat your skin gently.


  • Never allow anyone to 'pop' or otherwise break open a blemish. This is a very unsafe practice as bacteria and germs can enter through the broken skin. And if you do 'pop' a blemish add alcohol to reduce the chance of infection.
  • Use caution when using any product containing acids or peroxides such as acne creams and fade creams. These increase the skins' sensitivity to sun and may cause redness and peeling.
  • Over washing skin can make it red and sore. It can also damage the skin.
  • Toner can dry out skin if used too often.
  • Choose a sunblock specifically meant for your face as some sunblocks can cause breakouts on some skin types.

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