How to Study Memory (Psychology)

Memory is the most important thing in one's life. Without it, there cannot be hope, development, success etc. Memory is persistence of learning over time via the storage and retrieval of information.


  1. Image titled Study Memory (Psychology) Step 1
    Learn about the memory-information processing stages. These are:
    • Encoding – The information enters the memory system.
    • Storage – The retention of encoded information over time
    • Retrieval – The process of getting information out of memory.
  2. Image titled Study Memory (Psychology) Step 2
    Learn the parts of memory.
    • Neural language is sensory information.
    • Working Memory (STM): Activated memory that hold a few items briefly.
    • Long Term Memory: Relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the system of memory.
  3. Image titled Study Memory (Psychology) Step 3
    Learn about the types of memory.
    • Researchers have identified a visual "sensory memory", called iconic memory and identified an auditory sensory memory, called echoic memory.
    • LTM (Long Term Memory) actually refers to number of different memory systems.They are episodic, semantic memory (memories of factual kind), procedural memory (which is knowledge how to do things(wikiHow knowledge)).
  4. Image titled Study Memory (Psychology) Step 4
    Study explicit and implicit processes.
    • Explicit processes are accompanied by conscious activity such as searching, or asking what had happened last night, we consciously search for the answer.
    • Implicit process are not accompanied by awareness.
  5. Image titled Study Memory (Psychology) Step 5
    Study encoding. It can be effort or automatic.
    • There is a serial position effect. One can remember the first (primacy effect) and the last items best.
    • Chunking is a way to make easier to remember.
    • STM has limited capacity with 7+/-2
    • LTM relatively unlimited. K. Lashley concluded that memories are distributed across cortex and he was right.
    • Flashbulb Memory: Strong emotions make for stronger memories.

Sources and Citations

  • V. D. Erdener

Article Info

Categories: Psychology Studies