How to Speak Spanish (Basics)

Four Methods:Cheat SheetBasic VocabularyVerbsTake a trip to a Spanish speaking country

Speaking a second language (bilingualism) is a great skill that offers many job opportunities and will help you when going on trips to other countries. Below are basic vocabulary words to get you started with Spanish. This article will help you to build your vocabulary and develop a basic understanding in the language.

Cheat Sheet

Sample Common Spanish Phrases

Method 1
Basic Vocabulary

Introducing yourself

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    "Jane Doe, a su servicio" - which means, "Jane Doe, at your service" (not common in informal conversations).
  2. Image titled Speak Spanish (Basics) Step 2
    After someone introduces themselves, shake their hand and say, "Encantado a/de conocerle/conocerte" ("conocerle" is formal while "conocerte" is informal") - "It's a pleasure to meet you" or "Mucho gusto" - "Nice to meet you"

Other Vocabulary

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    Below you can find other vocabulary.
    • Soy un/a principiante en la lengua española - I'm a beginner in the Spanish language. You say "un principiante" if you are male, and "una principiante" if you are female.
    • (Usted) Recomienda algún/alguna.../"(Tú) Recomiendas algún/alguna..." - Do you recommend any...
    • ¿Cómo puedo ayudarle/ayudarte? - How can I help you?
    • ¿Cómo estás?-How are you?
    • Gracias"' - Thank you
    • Buenos días - Good morning
    • Buenas tardes - Good afternoon
    • Buenas noches - Good night/evening
    • hotel (silent h) - hotel
    • pulperia - grocery store
    • hospital (silent h) - hospital
    • alameda - park with poplars, a street with trees on both sides
    • grandes almacenes - department store
    • ¿Perdón? - excuse me? (better than asking what?)
    • 'No le oí'/No te oí (formal/informal) - I didn't hear you
    • ¿Qué está pasando? - What is happening?
    • ¿Qué le pasa?/"¿Qué te pasa?" - What's happening to you?/What's the matter?
    • ¿Qué tal? - What's up? (common slang way)
    • ¿Dígame? (better manners)- What do you want?(better manners - How can I help you?)
    • Quiero - I want
    • ¿ Quiere...?/"¿Quieres...?" - Would you like...?
    • Quisiera - I would like (polite way of asking)
    • Necesito - I need (better manners than 'I want')
    • Necesitas - You need
    • ¡Hola! - Hello or hi
    • Más o menos - More or less
    • Un poco - A little
    • Vámonos/vamos - Let's go
    • Me voy - I'm going/I'm leaving
    • Amor - Love
    • Te amo - I love you (This is more use to express in a very formal and serious way; to someone you really love like your boyfriend/girlfriend, husband, wife, or children)
    • Te quiero - I love you! (can be translated to "I want you!" depending on the context, this term is used instead of the formal version, to someone that is a friend or not closely related).
    • No lo sé - I don't know
    • Lo sé - I know
    • ¿A dónde va/vas? - Where are you going?
    • ¿Dónde está? - Where are you?/ Where is it ?
    • Muy bien - Very good
    • Mala - Bad (adjective - for a girl)
    • Malo - Bad (adjective - for a boy)
    • Pero - But
    • Joven - young one (better manners to address any child or young person)
    • Mujer - female (used for humans)
    • Hembra - female (this word is mostly used for the sex of animals: "un gorrión hembra " = a female sparrow ).
    • Macho - male (this word is mostly used for the sex of animals: "un gorrión macho" - a male sparrow).
    • Hombre - male/man (Varón is sometimes used instead when writing)
    • Chica - Girl
    • Muyaya - Girl
    • Muyayo - Boy :v
    • Chico - Boy
    • Niña - Little girl, kid (female)
    • Niño - Little boy, kid (male)
    • ¿De dónde eres? - Where are you from? (informal)
    • Me duele la cabeza - I have a headache
    • No me digas - Don't tell me and/or really?
    • No sea/seas así - Don't be like that.
    • (No) me gusta - I do like it
    • Bella/hermosa - Beautiful (female)
    • "Guapo" - Handsome (male)
    • Rico - Rich
    • Ayuda - Help
    • Salud - Health
    • Espera - Wait (informal imperative)
    • Complicado - Complicated
    • ¿Entiendes? - Do you understand?
    • Entiendo - I understand
    • Posible - Possible
    • Hora - Time
    • Linda/Lindo - Pretty (good looking) (more used in South America)
    • Bonita/Bonito - Pretty (good looking)(more used in Spain)
    • ¿Me puede ayudar? - Can you help me? (formal)
    • Un café con leche, por favor' - One coffee with milk please
    • Dos tés con leche, por favor - Two teas with milk please.

Method 2

Conjugating Regular Verbs

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    To conjugate regular AR verbs in Spanish you take of the AR and add on one of the following endings:
    • I - yo - o
    • You - tú - as
    • He - él - a
    • She - ella - a
    • You (formal) - usted - a
    • We - nosotros/as - amos
    • You (plural) - vosotros/as - áis
    • They - ellos/as - an
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    Here are some Spanish verbs little basics
    • Amar - to love
    • Bailar - to dance
    • Buscar - to search
    • Cambiar - to change
    • Caminar - to walk
    • Cantar - to sing
    • Comprar - to buy
    • Contestar - to answer
    • Descansar - to rest
    • Desear - to desire
    • Dibujar - to draw
    • Enseñar - to teach
    • Esperar - to wait/hope for
    • Estudiar - to study
    • Fumar - to smoke
    • Hablar - to speak/talk
    • Ir - to go
    • Llegar - to arrive
    • Llorar - to cry
    • Llevar - to carry
    • Mirar - to look
    • Nadar - to swim
    • Necesitar - to need
    • Practicar - to practice
    • Preguntar - to question
    • Preparar - to prepare
    • Querer - to want/ to love
    • Ser - to be
    • Tener - to have
    • Terminar - to terminate
    • Tocar - to touch/to play an instrument
    • Tomar - to drink (followed by the name of the drink)
    • Trabajar - to work
    • Viajar - to travel

Method 3
Take a trip to a Spanish speaking country

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    Once you feel comfortable with the Spanish speech, try to take a trip a Spanish speaking country like Spain, Mexico, and Argentina. Remember that in each country, they have a different accent. Immerse yourself in Spanish culture because it's one of the best way to improve your Spanish language.
    • If you can't do a trip, try to meet Spanish people or start watching Spanish cartoons and movies.


  • Remember, the more you practice the easier it will become, so be sure to use them frequently in real world situations. In no time at all you'll start gaining proficiency in the language, and then you can move on to more complex vocabulary and phrasing.
  • Try to put a few words together and make a sentence.
  • Remember that if you're a girl, the letter O turns into and A if it's at the end of the word. For example rojo ("red"), would be roja. This doesn't happen always.
  • Try not to give up on your practicing, even if you become frustrated at your progress or comprehension. You will get it with time and the right amount of effort.
  • If you cannot purr the double r sound, just lengthen the r sound for longer. But be careful. pero (but) and perro (dog) has quite different meanings. Words that begins with r are always pronounced with a double-r sound.
  • For the c, z and sound (like Barcelona), the most obvious difference between Spanish and Argentinian accent is this: Spanish would say the 'c' sound with a 'th' sound, Argentinian would say the 'c' sound with an 's' sound. There is no need to buzz the z sound.
  • Two l's next next each other (ll) is pronounced like 'y' as in the word "yard".
  • Try changing your phone/computer's language, you will be forced to learn the vital functions and buttons.


  • All content here is reconfirmed through the internet.

Article Info

Categories: Spanish