wikiHow to Shift a Manual Transmission

Two Methods:If upshiftingIf downshifting

For some people, it is hard to shift a manual. If you are one of them, this article should help.

Method 1
If upshifting

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    1
    If your RPMs are high enough (usually 3000-3500 in gasoline vehicle and 2000-2500 in a diesel car), you have to select higher gear
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    Release the throttle and press the clutch simultaneously. Your RPM indicator will start to fall to lower RPMs
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    Then move shift stick away from the gear you want to get rid of to the desired one (for example from 2 to 3)
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    Release the clutch gently plus add a bit of gas in the same moment. The RPM indicator will slowly move from almost idle to actual RPMs
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    Drive as before, the clutch is coupled to the engine

Method 2
If downshifting

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    When your RPM indicator is moving lower and you feel you're not able to accelerate as you want, release the throttle and press the clutch at the same time. Your RPMs will fall down
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    2
    Then move the shift stick to desired gear (one or even more lower)
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    3
    Add a bit of the gas (try to reach revolutions you think the engine would reach if you released the clutch - this helps to prevent tugs which happen when your engine turns too differently than second part of drive train) and slowly release the clutch. The engine will couple to wheels via your gearbox and your revs will jump higher - the engine will be able to produce more power
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    4
    Finished.

Tips

  • The recommended shift points depends on the engine. Gasoline engines have the red line around 5000-6000 revs, diesel engines can reach only about 4000-5500 revs
  • Some cars would really have different gear stick patterns. Most of them have their shifting patterns written on the gear stick
  • Check RPM indicator in your car, there is a red field telling you where the engine can approximately go

Warnings

  • Try not to enter the red line. (4000 to 16000 rpms on most vehicles)

Article Info

Categories: Driving Techniques