How to Set

Three Parts:Basic Setting FormSetting in PlaySetting Drills

A volleyball setter uses their hands to give the ball lift so that a player can spike the ball across the net and score a point. [1]This important position requires finesse, speed and reliability, with the set almost always occurring with the second hit. You can learn how to set and practice setting with these methods.

Part 1
Basic Setting Form

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    Put on exercise clothing. In order to learn setting, you will need full range of motion in your arms and legs.
    • Wear cross training sneakers that allow you to move in any direction without twisting your ankle. They should also grip the floor so you don’t fall.
    • Wear kneepads as you learn advanced setting. Setters are required to occasionally kneel to reach a ball.
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    Pay attention to where the ball is at all times. A set will usually be the second touch out of 3-touch return. The setter must pivot and adjust to where the first pass took place.
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    Go toward the ball as it is passed to you for a set. Face the ball and square your hips toward it.
    • Position yourself so that the ball will hit you in the head, if you do not set it with your hands.
    • You want the ball to be redirected with upward, rather than sideways momentum, allowing a player to spike it in the direction of their choice.
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    Do a quick 1-2 step as you plant your feet lightly in position for the set. Your dominant leg should be leading and your knees should be slightly bent.
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    Place your hands in the air in front of your head. Elbows should be bent slightly. Your hands should be approximately 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15cm) above your head.
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    Create a window with each thumb and index finger. The window should frame the ball as it comes toward you. [2]
    • There should be approximately 2 to 3 inches (5 to 7.5cm) between your thumbs and your index fingers.
    • All of your fingers should touch the ball when you set, although the most control comes from your “window.”
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    Flick your thumbs and index fingers upward when the ball touches them. Straighten your knees at the same time.
    • The power that lifts the ball straight up should come from your legs and your triceps, with the wrists controlling the direction.
    • Your arms will outstretch, but can remain slightly bent if you are not setting the ball high.
    • Never allow the ball to rest into your hands. Prolonged holding of the ball is an illegal lift.
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    Move out of the way so that the spiker has room to run and jump toward the ball.

Part 2
Setting in Play

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    Prepare to position yourself in the center middle for the set. Although your starting position may be in the front or back, you will move toward the center middle to set up the ball for the spiker.
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    Ensure that you are appointed as the setter. At any 1 time, there is only 1 official setter on the court.
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    Yell “Help” if you are not in a position to set the ball. A teammate can temporarily fill in for the current plan. [3]
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    Get to know different kinds of sets, so that you can change the direction to improve the chances of scoring. The following are set types:
    • The One Ball is low and quick, going toward the front middle attacker.
    • The Two Ball will rise 2 to 4 feet (0.6 to 1.2m) upward. It should be versatile for the front or back attackers to make the final hit.
    • The Three Ball is a medium-high set approximately 3 feet (0.9m) upward and directed low and fast at side attacker.
    • The Four Ball is low and fast to the left outside attacker.
    • The Five Ball is the highest set. It can go 5 to 8 feet (1.5 to 2.4m) above your head, giving any player on the court time to reach it and spike it over the net. [4]

Part 3
Setting Drills

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    Sit on the ground with your legs crossed. You will start with a sitting setting warm-up drill.
    • Place your arms in the air, as if you are going to set.
    • A teammate will stand in front of you and throw the ball upward toward your head.
    • Set it back to your teammate.
    • Repeat 20 times. [5]
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    Stand with the ball resting in your hands above your head. You will need to walk as you continuously set the ball.
    • Flick your wrist to start setting the ball. Only allow it to go several inches before your head.
    • Keep setting as you walk forward across the court.
    • Walk backwards while you set after you have reached the end of the court.
    • Repeat 5 times, setting the ball every few seconds. [6]
    • Do the same drill while side stepping and lunging.
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    Find a high wall on which you can practice your setting. Stand close to it, so that the ball will rebound back to you.
    • Set the ball against the wall in a series of heights.
    • For example, set it 1 foot (0.3m) up the wall, then 2 feet (0.6 m) and 3 feet (0.6 and 0.9m), continuing until you reach 8 or 10 feet (2.4 or 3m).
    • When you have reached the top height, decrease each set by 1 foot (0.3 m). [7]
    • Make sure to use your legs for the majority of the force in your sets. Bend your knees deeper to get more distance.

Things You'll Need

  • Volleyballs
  • Athletic shoes
  • Flexible clothing
  • Knee pads

Article Info

Categories: Volleyball