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How to Set Up a Wireless Router

Four Parts:Connecting the HardwareConnecting Your Router To Broadband ProvidersConfiguring the RouterConnecting Your Devices

As more and more devices are able to connect to wireless networks, setting up a wireless router has become a crucial step for virtually any home network. Setting up a wireless network will allow your devices to connect to the internet from practically anywhere in the house, without the need for messy wires. To get started setting your network up, see Step 1 below.

Part 1
Connecting the Hardware

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    Purchase a wireless router. Routers come in all shapes and sizes. Compare features to find the router that is right for you. If you have more area that you need to cover, or have lots of walls in your home, you’ll need a router that offers the option of upgrading antenna(s) with high gain types - if not supplied in the box. If more than one wireless device will be connecting at the same time at different speeds, a MiMo type router is recommended, otherwise the speed for all devices will drop the highest supported by all at that time.
    • All modern routers should support 802.11n, or Wireless-N). This is the most stable, offers the fastest speeds and is backwards compatible with older standards such as 802.11g.
  2. 2
    Connect your router to your modem. Routers and wireless routers enable you to share your broadband internet connection with multiple devices. To do so, you will need to connect your broadband modem to the router. For best results, place your router near your modem.
    • Connect the router and the modem with an Ethernet cable. Most routers come packaged with a short Ethernet cable that you can use for this.
    • Connect the modem to the WAN/Internet port on your router. It is usually offset, and may be a different color from the LAN ports.
  3. 3
    Connect any devices you want to hard wire with CAT 5 Ethernet cables. This is the minimum quality you should use, but better cables are also an option. If you have computers that are close, or a video game console or TV, you can connect them to the router via Ethernet. This will result in a more stable and faster connection, and doesn’t require any extra configuration.
  4. 4
    Connect at least one computer via Ethernet. You will need at least one computer connecting via Ethernet cable in order to adjust your router settings. You can disconnect this computer afterwards if you want to connect wirelessly.

Part 2
Connecting Your Router To Broadband Providers

  1. 1
    Find the router's MAC address. When you power on the router, it will only create its wi-fi network, and the device will be connected to the router's wi-fi connection, not the internet. To connect the router to the internet, with some internet providers (i.e. GTPL in India), it is required to register router's MAC address to the internet service provider's website.
    • MAC of the router can be found printed on router or in the documents etc.
  2. 2
    Register the MAC address. Go to the internet service provider's website. Log in with the username and password provided by the internet service provider and go to MAC address update option. one can see their existing laptop/pc's MAC address there. Add the router's MAC address there and save it. This process means that the router is authorized to use the internet provide by the broadband company.

Part 3
Configuring the Router

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    Find the IP address of the router. If this is a new installation or new router, determine the default IP address that may be printed on a label affixed to the router or in the documentation. If you can’t find the router’s IP address anywhere, you can do a web search for the router model to see what the default address is. [1]
    • IP addresses are formatted as four groups of up to three digits, separated by periods.
    • Most default IP addresses are 192.168.1.1, 192.168.0.1, or 192.168.2.1.
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    Open a web browser on the computer connected to the router. Enter in the IP address of the router into the address bar and press Enter. Your browser will attempt to connect to the router’s configuration menu.
    • If your router came with an installation disc, you can run the configuration program from that instead. It will accomplish many of the same functions.
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    Enter your username and password. In order to access the configuration page, you will need to be on the router's IP address and enter a valid username and password at the prompt. Most routers have a basic account set up that you will need to use to log on. This varies from model to model, but should be printed on the router or in the documentation.
    • The most typical username is “admin”.
    • The most typical passwords are “admin” and “password”.
    • Many routers will only require a username and a blank password, and some allow you to leave all fields blank.
    • If you can’t figure out the correct IP address, your username or password, search for your router model online to see what the default login is. If it has been changed, press the Reset button on the back of the router for 10 (to 30+ seconds as dictated in the instructions for the router model) to restore factory defaults and try again.
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    Open the Wireless Settings. When you log in to your router, you will be taken to the router’s main menu or status screen. There will be several options to choose from. The Internet section can usually be left at default settings, unless you received specific instructions from your internet service provider. The Wireless section will allow you to set up your wireless network.
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    Enter a name for your wireless network. In the Wireless section, you should see a field labeled SSID or Name. Enter a unique name for your wireless network. This is what other devices will see when scanning for networks.
    • Check the box to enable SSID broadcast. This will essentially “turn on” the wireless network so that it may be readily seen by anyone in range of the signal. *See the Tips section below for additional information on the SSID setting.
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    Choose a security method. Choose from the list of available security options. For the best security, choose WPA2-PSK as the encryption method. This is the most difficult security to crack, and will give you the most protection from hackers and intruders.
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    Create a passphrase. Once you’ve chosen your security method, enter in a passphrase for the network. This should be a difficult password, with a combination of letters, numbers, and symbols. Don’t use any passwords that could be easily deduced from your network name or from knowing you.
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    Save your settings. Once you are finished naming and securing your wireless network, click the Apply or Save button. The changes will be applied to your router, which may take a few moments. Once the router has finished resetting, your wireless network will be enabled.
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    Change your router’s username and password. Once you have your network configured, you should change the username and password that you use to access your router; do not keep the default. This will help protect your router from unauthorized changes. You can change these from the Administration section of the router configuration menu.[2]
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    Block sites. If you want to prevent devices that are connected to your network from accessing certain websites, you can use built-in blocking tools to restrict access. These can be found in the Security/Block section of the router.
    • You can usually block by specific domain names, or by keywords.

Part 4
Connecting Your Devices

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    Connect essential devices to your wireless network. This can be a computer, tablet, or smartphone. Scan for the wireless network with the SSID you provided above. On any device that supports wireless networks, you should see your new network as long as you are within range of the router. Select it and you will be prompted for the passphrase.
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    Enter your wireless passphrase. Once you enter the passphrase, your device will be automatically connected to the wireless network. The network will be stored in your devices memory and will automatically connect whenever you are within range.
    • For detailed instructions on selecting and joining a wireless network for your specific computer, tablet, or smartphone, follow this guide.
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    Connect your other devices. Besides other computers and tablets, you can connect other devices as well, such as printers, game consoles, TVs and more. See the following guides for instructions for your specific device.

Tips

  • If you have procured a used wireless router from a friend or store, make sure to reset it to factory settings before installing it. It may try to configure your wireless network according to the previous system. Find the reset button on the router, and press it for 30 seconds with a pin or pencil.
  • For the most security, consider NOT broadcasting your network SSID or Name. By disabling it, it will be required for a person to not only figure out the passphrase - but they'll have to determine the SSID first. It's another layer of hassle for them to deal with and might just be enough for them to try to access someone else's network instead of yours. Of course, that means it'll be a little harder setting up - but if you've set everything up when the SSID was broadcast - go back and shut it off. Everything will reconnect from memory.

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