How to Select a Forklift Ramp

Two Parts:Getting the Basics DownGetting More Information

If you are planning to purchase a forklift ramp, then you cannot make this decision just like that. It is always recommendable to do a little research. This will help you to increase your productivity and speed of loading/unloading and it will also ensure the safety of your workers. It's important to be knowledgeable before you make your purchase.

Part 1
Getting the Basics Down

  1. 1
    Choose the type of ramp. There are two types of forklift ramps: mobile and stationary. In mobile ramps, wheels are used to move it from trailer to trailer or container to container. On the other hand, stationary ramps are used when there is no need of moving the forklift to another place. You can decide whether you want a mobile or a stationary ramp according to your needs.
  2. 2
    Determine your concern for length and width. Both length and width plays a major role in carrying the material by forklifts. The width should be sufficient enough so that forklift or vehicle can be safely driven on the ramp. It is advisable that the width should be 15” wider than the widest equipment to be used on the ramp. Also, you should have to consider the length of ramp. You have to check whether the forklift can get the right clearance and tilt to actually get loads off the ground. This can be determined by judging your location.
  3. 3
    Determine whether you require a "level off" or a "level on" ramp. If you carry a pallet while loading on the ramp, then you'll need a "level off" ramp. Usually, a 36 feet (11.0 m). "level off" forklift ramp is considered ideal as it gives 6 feet (1.8 m). of level ground clearance with a 30 feet (9.1 m). straight ramp. On the other hand, if forklifts are docked to the ground and do not need a "level off" ramp, then a "level on" ramp would better suit your needs.
  4. 4
    Choose optional features if they are required. There are a lot of optional features available prior to safety, mobility and durability. Here are some of them:
    • Chains. These are helpful to prevent the forklift from slipping.
    • Tow bar or ramp clamp. For moving the ramp to longer distances, choose a tow bar, which is a type of mobile ramp. Choose a ramp clamp for positioning the ramp for unloading a truck or moving to the edge of your dock.
    • Ramp lid. This one is recommended when you need to close the ramp to the door lid. With its help, the forklift easily enters the container.

Part 2
Getting More Information

  1. 1
    Determine whether you want an electric, diesel, or gasoline ramp. Electric forklifts are preferred for manufacturing industries, such as food or paper, as they do not contaminate goods. Gasoline or diesel types of ramps are mainly used in the outdoors, where there is a free flow of air.
  2. 2
    Find out the grade information. Gradeability is one of the important things to know about before making a purchase. Gradeability is defined as the highest grades a vehicle can escalate while maintaining a particular speed. Electric forklifts usually have low grad-ability as compared to gas ones.
  3. 3
    Determine the wheelbase. The wheelbase is known as the distance between the centers of front and rear wheels. For steep slopes, shorter wheelbase is preferred.
  4. 4
    Determine the vehicle under clearance. The vehicle under-clearance is the distance between the ground and lowermost part of the forklift. There are two types of under-clearances that one should look for. One is mast under clearance and other is frame underclearance.

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Categories: Trucks