How to Pronounce 'st' in English

'St' can be a difficult sound to pronounce. Here are some tips to getting it right.

Steps

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    Practice the two sounds individually. The 'st' sound in English is simply a combination of the 's' and the 't' sounds right together.
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    To say 's', place the tip of the tongue just off the ridge behind the teeth. This place is called the alveolar ridge. Without voice, blow through this space so that you get a hissing sound. This is called a fricative.
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    To say 't', place the tongue against the alveolar ridge (still at location 4) and stop the air momentarily before opening the mouth into the following vowel. The 't' sound is also voiceless.
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    Combine the two sounds. Start with the hissing 's' sound and then close the tongue against the ridge momentarily to stop the air and get the 't'.
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    Add a voiced vowel after this sound. Try pronouncing "sta" or "stuh".
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    Practice words that begin with "st", such as stop, stand, stain, stone, stick, and steep.
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    Practice words that have "st" in the middle like "twister" and "master".
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    Practice words that end in "st", like "test", "list", "last", "lost", "cost".
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    Look at your mouth in the mirror while saying these words. You may have difficulty pronouncing because of incorrect tongue movements.

Tips

  • When pluralizing a noun ending in "st", you add a simple "s", not "es" e.g. the plural of "list" is "lists", not "listes".
  • Avoid inserting a vowel sound before the "st". That is, "stir" is pronounced "stir", not "estir".
  • Follow this link for animation, sound, and video relating to pronouncing sounds in American English. [1]. It does not include the blend, but it does include the separate 's' and 't' sounds. Under "manner" follow "stop" to get to /p/ and "fricative" to get to /s/. These are the sounds you will combine in close succession to arrive at "st".

Article Info

Categories: English