How to Prevent Typhoid Fever from Being Spread

Two Parts:Preparation Before TravelPrevention while Travelling

Typhoid fever (frequently confused with typhus) is an acute bacterial infection that causes rash, delirium, intestinal damage, and a myriad of other symptoms that may prove fatal. While rare in wealthier countries, typhoid is still endemic to developing countries and care should be taken when visiting these places.

Part 1
Preparation Before Travel

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    When travelling, research potential diseases in the area. This information can be found through the CDC or WHO websites. They provide thorough reports of diseases and recommended vaccinations needed for travel.
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    Check with your doctor. If travelling to a place where typhoid is common, go to the doctor and discuss becoming vaccinated. While the vaccines for Typhoid are not one hundred percent effective, they can add an extra layer of protection to an individual.
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    Rest and build your immune system before travel. Take probiotics and eat healthfully. Sleep and drink plenty of clean water. This will help prevent contracting the illness.

Part 2
Prevention while Travelling

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    If visiting a location where typhoid fever is known to occur, be very careful when drinking water. Typhoid spreads through infected fecal matter in water. Drink only bottled water or water that has been brought to a rolling boil for at least one minute. Wash vegetables and fruits in boiled or bottled water.
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    Practice and promote proper sanitation techniques. Typhoid happens when fecal matter contaminates food and water supplies.
    • Have a designated area for defecating that is far away from any lakes, rivers, or wells.
    • Take proper care of feces and other things that may have come in contact with them.
    • Do not wash contaminated clothing in community water sources such as rivers.
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    Always wash your hands before preparing and eating food, and encourage others to follow suit. Always wash after urinating or defecating. Any ingestion of contaminated material puts the consumer at risk for the disease.
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    Avoid food prepared by a known carrier. The notorious cook, 'Typhoid Mary' (Mary Mallon) was responsible for many deaths because she carried the bacteria without knowing it. Be wary of your food sources.

Tips

  • Keep on guard for symptoms of the disease such as fever, rapid heart rate, bloody nose, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. If symptoms occur, drink clean water, Gatorade, or other non-contaminated fluids and seek medical help.

Sources and Citations

Article Info

Categories: Infectious Diseases