How to Prevent Heat Stroke

Heat stroke is not only really tiring but can be deadly if prolonged. Read on to learn yourself from being struck by this common ailment


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    If possible, avoid going to places with excessively high temperatures. Watch the weather report before planning any outdoor activities, especially in summer. If you have to go carry a cap or preferably an umbrella
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    If you have to go in hot weather, prepare yourself. Wear a long sleeved cotton shirt that can not only protect your skin but also absorbs the sweat while keeping you cool (cotton is the best choice). This article assumes that you will not be in any extreme high temperatures but if you are, bring enough water (this goes for everyone) because people often meet their deaths in the desert with no water. It would also help to bring sunscreen and a pocket sized fan or hand held fan. It is not a bad idea to take a water spray bottle to frequently spray on the body to rejuvenate the cells. Keep in mind that the cells in the skin can dry creating an osmotic imbalance. High salt content can increase the rate of flow of blood creating a chaotic fluid imbalance. Nourish yourself with moderate amount of protein, carb and plenty of water. Do not just drink water and starve, the body needs other nutrients too.
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    Try to take frequent breaks to rest the body in the in the shade sometimes. Limit your exposure directly to the sun's harmful rays, a little heat isn't such a bad thing, but know your limits. Usually the excitement keeps you going but will exhaust you.
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    Recognize the symptoms of heatstroke. An oncoming migraine is an indication of heatstroke so if you get one, get out of the sun fast and try to get indoors. Once the headache starts no matter how much water you drink it will not go away, you might tend to regurgitate or vomit. Other dangerous symptoms are nausea, dizziness and fainting, which, if left ignored could lead to death. Call a doctor if it gets serious
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    The onset of exhaustion is an indication of heatstroke and if you can't get inside the building or at least shady place (under the tree or building shade), try to pour some water on your head and wet you clothes and slow down your activities. Carrying a wet towel is not a bad idea. If you sweat the sweat might cool you down and slowly you will regain your strength. Do not count on regaining it faster. There is tremendous variation in people who can tolerate and who can not. Especially children and elderly are very much prone to heat stroke which can lead to shortness of breadth and sudden heart failure. The foremost thing is you should understand your body. It is always better to prevent than to cure. Or you could sit down for awhile to regain your strength.


  • Carry a parasol or hat in order to avoid the sun's rays directly.
  • Drink lots of water! Staying hydrated is important to prevent heatstroke, and even if it doesn't at least it wouldn't be worsened by dehydration.


  • If you see the signs of heatstroke, get medical help immediately and get the victim out of the sun if you can. Timing is key to survival

Things You'll Need

  • Sunscreen
  • water
  • protective clothing
  • umbrella or hat
  • sunglasses

Article Info

Categories: Heat and Cold Injuries