wikiHow to Prevent Diseases in Chickens

Chickens are well known for the diseases they can catch. Here is some tips on how to help prevent them! Remember, this isn't just for chickens, you can use the same advice with turkeys, guinea hens, and more!


  1. Image titled Prevent Diseases in Chickens Step 1
    Make a schedule for cleaning. Every month, you should remove bedding and nesting straw/shavings and replace with new, fresh material. Every 6 months, you should bleach and clean their feeders, waterers, and entire coop. Once again, remove the old shavings and replace with clean shavings. Cleaning the bedding material prevents disease-causing stuff , such as mold, parasites, and ammonia from building up and biting you AND your birds, It will prevent fungus in their feet and parasitic infections. a bed placed in a location where it gets sun will also prevent bacteria reproduction, It makes the coop feel fresher, too!
  2. Image titled Prevent Diseases in Chickens Step 2
    Give your birds daily check-ups. Because birds are flight animals, they will often hide their symptoms of illness until it is too late. So, even if your birds DO get sick, you can still catch it before time runs out! Signs to look for include:
    • Lethargic behavior
    • Suspicious or abnormal stools, including diarrhea, all white stool (should be brown with white top), blood in stool, or worms
    • Sneezing
    • Huge drop in pecking order
    • Wounds
    • Take your bird to the vet if you see any of these. For wounds, disinfect.
  3. Image titled Prevent Diseases in Chickens Step 3
    Feed your birds quality feed. Good feed should contain about 20% protein, amino acids for growth, and sufficient but not excessive fats and carbohydrates.
  4. Image titled Prevent Diseases in Chickens Step 4
    Let birds free range around your yard! It reduces stress, which will keep them more healthy overall. They will also eat weeds, grass, worms, and other delicious things they find in the yard, which will not only help your lawn, but will also help out their digestive system, making them healthier!
  5. Image titled Prevent Diseases in Chickens Step 5
    Try not to add new chickens to the flock. If you buy or receive chickens from a person they may carry a disease. To prevent this it is best that you make sure that the chicken doesn't carry a disease or do not add them to the flock and just raise your own chicks.
  6. Image titled Prevent Diseases in Chickens Step 6
    Vaccinate your chickens. Vaccination is only necessary if your chickens have suffered from something in the past or have been in multiple flocks. You can also buy vaccinated chicks from a breeder or farm store.


  • Give your birds snacks, such as applesauce, corn on the cob, and more! Chickens love these, and once again will help out their digestive systems.
  • Pedigree birds are more at risk than crossbred ones.
  • Use hanging waterers and feeders. That way, poop and bedding cannot get in the food and water so easily, where they may ingest it and cause illness.
  • Refresh food and water every day in the morning.
  • The space requirement, 4 square feet per bird, will help keep birds healthy. Although the requirement does seem quite roomy, you will be surprised at the impact it does. It reduces their instinct to compete for more space, which only stresses them out more. If they are going to be solely confined in a coop, though, they will need 10 square feet per bird.
  • If you have any sickness in the flock be sure you quarantine those chickens and care for them last in your routine to prevent spreading any infection through contact.[1]


  • If you have fertilizers in your yard, do not, let your birds range around your yard. They are poisonous to chickens.
  • Use your common sense with handling chickens. Wash your hands thoroughly after handling birds, after cleaning anything, after touching anything that has touched the birds, and especially after touching a sick bird and feces.
  • If you poison for rodents be sure that the chickens cannot get to the poison or to any of the rodents that are affected.

Things You'll Need

  • Shavings/Straw for bedding
  • Bleach
  • Feeders and Waterers
  • Chickens
  • Quality Feed

Article Info

Categories: Chickens