How to Prepare a Lecture

Has your teacher asked you to present a lecture? Are you nervous about it, because you don't really know how to prepare one? Your worries will end here!


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    Read about your topic. Read as much as you can on the topic. Read any good books you can find! Go to the library, a bookstore, or even search your topic on the Internet. The more you know about your topic, the more accurate and strong your lecture will be.
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    Take down notes. When preparing a lecture, it is important not to copy and paste information directly from books, or to write things down word-to-word from books. This is called plagiarizing, and your teacher will take marks off for it, or you could even be suspended for it. Write notes down in your own words.
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    Highlight important topics. Decide on the major things you would like to talk about. Consider how long you want your lecture to be, and if there's a time limit. If there is a time limit, you don't want to keep rambling on about every little detail. Highlight the main topics that interest you and that you find relevant.
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    Write your lecture! Write your lecture out, and be careful not to plagiarize. Use your notes and research to your advantage. Stick to the topics that you highlighted and want to cover in your lecture.
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    Add some things in your lecture that keep the audience engaged. Putting funny things in your speech will prevent from boring your audience. It's especially effective to end your speech on a humorous note. That will leave the audience going away smiling. Another good thing to keep the audience on their toes is adding questions, such as "How would you feel if you were treated like these people?". This will leave the audience really thinking about your lecture, especially if you finish with a question. Finally, engaging the audience's imagination works well. Saying something like "Imagine yourself walking 50 miles (80 km) to get water every day", will keep the audience engaged. Whatever you choose to do, insert multiple examples throughout your lecture.
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    Proof-read your lecture! After you've written your lecture, revise it yourself and make changes. Make sure that all the words are spelled right and that the grammar and punctuation is right. After that, take your lecture to a parent, friend, or teacher and have them proof-read it.
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    Practice your lecture. Read it over to yourself and repeat it multiple times. Find some family or friends that are willing to listen to it and practice in front of them. Record yourself reading your lecture and play it back.
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    Be prepared! Make sure you know the majority of the points in your lecture, and can do it without looking down at your notes all the time. When practicing, make sure that you're looking up from your notes most of the time and speaking to the audience. Remember to project your voice so that the audience can hear you. These are key points of a good lecture.
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    Rest your voice. Don't do too much shouting or loud singing before the big day. You really want to be able to project your voice, and you don't want to sound hoarse, or lose your voice during the speech.
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    Have a good rest the night before. Make sure you get enough sleep, and have plenty of time to prepare in the morning without being rushed.
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    Have a good breakfast. You don't want your stomach rumbling through the lecture! Don't overeat, however. You don't need to eat too much to have a good lecture. Find a balance.
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    Keep your cool before the lecture. Take some deep breaths and mentally prepare yourself for what you're about to do. Keep the nerves down, if you have any. Remember that it will all be over in a matter of minutes.
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    Interact with the audience. Remember to connect with your audience while reading your lecture. Make them feel involved in what you're doing. Look up at them during the lecture and use the humor/questions/imaginative lines in your lecture to your advantage!
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    Don't panic. Stay calm. If you feel yourself panicking, just take some deep breaths. Take a moment to center yourself. Continue when you're ready.


  • Smile! If you look like you're having a good time, the audience are more likely to have a good time!
  • Keep your words in check. Try not to stammer or trip over your words.
  • Try not to be afraid nor nervous.
  • Remember that learning how to prepare a lecture will help you during your lifetime. Lectures don't really go away, so make yourself comfortable with them. The more lectures you do, the easier it is to do them.
  • Use your time wisely while preparing your lecture. Don't procrastinate and poorly write or memorize your speech. If you put time into it, it will show.

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Categories: College and University Study Techniques