How to Plant Vegetable Seeds Outdoors

A vegetable garden is an inexpensive and fun way to enjoy your favorite vegetables picked fresh and ripe. Learning how to plant vegetable seeds outdoors to ensure the most flavorful vegetables begins with knowing proper seed planting techniques. Understanding basic planting methods and needs of the seeds you wish to grow can result in a healthy garden that lasts throughout the season.


  1. Image titled Plant Vegetable Seeds Outdoors Step 1
    Choose the types of vegetables you would like to grow and purchase the vegetable seeds to plant.
    • This will allow you to become familiar with how to plant vegetable seeds outdoors and enjoy the varieties you select once harvest time arrives.
  2. Image titled Plant Vegetable Seeds Outdoors Step 2
    Learn about the types of vegetable seeds you are going to plant.
    • Each seed variety requires specific conditions needed for germination, including proper temperature, moisture levels and sunlight.
    • Too much or too little of any of these necessary elements will result in the delicate seed or seedling failing to grow.
  3. Image titled Plant Vegetable Seeds Outdoors Step 3
    Know your planting zone to ensure that you are putting your vegetable seeds into the ground at the right time of the season.
    • Separated by temperature variation, areas are divided into International or United States Department of Agriculture Hardiness Zones.
    • Each zone helps gardeners understand their particular climate, and teaches gardeners how to plant vegetable seeds outdoors during the proper time of year for the best results. Zones determine lowest and highest temperatures, and the expected annual rainfall, which are vital to seed germination.
  4. Image titled Plant Vegetable Seeds Outdoors Step 4
    Begin planting vegetable seeds by marking the soil in rows.
    • The depth each seed needs to be placed in the ground generally depends on its size, with larger seeds needing to be placed deeper in the soil.
    • The proximity of each seed also usually depends on size, with larger seeds requiring more space between each one.
  5. Image titled Plant Vegetable Seeds Outdoors Step 5
    Water the vegetable seeds if the ground is dry. Now is also a good time to add a small amount of fertilizer mixed with the water to give the seeds extra nourishment.
  6. Image titled Plant Vegetable Seeds Outdoors Step 6
    Cover the vegetable seeds with soil, a light covering for small seeds and more soil for larger seeds.
  7. Image titled Plant Vegetable Seeds Outdoors Step 7
    Gently firm the ground over the vegetable seeds with your hand or planting tool, and water the bed of seeds with a light spray.


  • As your seedlings begin to sprout in about 10 days to 4 weeks, you can thin overgrowth to allow space for the new plants.
  • Most seeds fall into three categories, spring, summer and fall vegetables. Most vegetable seed packets have seed planting techniques on the back of the packages to guide vegetable gardeners.
  • A large variety of vegetable seeds can be found at hardware, retail and home improvement stores months before planting season begins.
  • Once the seedlings are sprouting, if there are sparse areas, you can add more vegetable seeds to fill in the row.
  • Keep the ground moist during the time germination is taking place, generally two to four weeks depending on the seed type. If weather conditions are very hot and dry, water the vegetable seeds twice a day until you see them start to sprout.


  • Be careful not to over-water, as this will cause the seeds to rot. As a rule of thumb, keep the ground moist, but not soggy.

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Categories: Growing Vegetables