How to Make Symbols on a Mac

Three Methods:Quick Keyboard ShortcutsEmojis and Miscellaneous SymbolsUsing Keyboard Input Options

Your Mac's special characters are a boon to translators, mathematicians, and people who are too cool to use :) as an emoji. Keyboard shortcuts and the Edit → Special Characters menu should be enough if you're looking for a common symbol. For more obscure symbols, or a project that requires a large number of symbols, take a few minutes to set up the keyboard input menu.

Method 1
Quick Keyboard Shortcuts

  1. Image titled Make Symbols on a Mac Step 1
    Hold down certain letter keys to see related symbols. In text documents and some online text fields, holding down a letter will open a pop up listing similar symbols in other alphabets.[1] While holding down the key, click on the symbol you want, or press the number key corresponding to the number under the symbol. Here are a few examples:
    • Hold down a to type à á â ä æ ã å ā. Other vowels have similar options.
    • Hold down c to type ç ć č.
    • Hold down n to type ñ ń.
    • Note that many letters do not have a popup menu.
    • This popup menu will not appear if you have the Key Repeat slider set to Off in System Preferences → Keyboard.[2]
  2. Image titled Make Symbols on a Mac Step 2
    Hold down the Option key. While holding down Option (or Alt on some keyboards), pressing another key will result in a special symbol. This allows you to type dozens of symbols, mostly used in mathematics or currency. For example:
    • Option + p = π
    • Option + 3 = £
    • Option + g = ©
    • Check the end of this article for a full list of these keyboard shortcuts. Alternatively, follow the keyboard input instructions below to view an onscreen keyboard that displays these symbols.
  3. Image titled Make Symbols on a Mac Step 3
    Hold down Option and Shift. For even more symbols, hold down both these keys while pressing any other key on the keyboard. You can refer to the list at the end of this article for all options, or get started with these:
    • Option + Shift + 2 = €
    • Option + Shift + / = ¿

Method 2
Emojis and Miscellaneous Symbols

  1. Image titled Make Symbols on a Mac Step 4
    Click "Edit" in the menu bar. Click the text field where you would like to enter an emoji. This should work in most text fields, such as emails and text documents. If you want to make sure it works, try it in TextEdit.
    • If you want to keep the special characters window open as you type, click anywhere on your Desktop instead.
  2. Image titled Make Symbols on a Mac Step 5
    Open the special characters menu. Look at the bottom of the drop-down Edit menu for this option. Depending on your OS X version, this will be called Emoji & Symbols or Special Characters....[3]
    • You can also open this menu with the keyboard shortcut Command + Control + Space.
  3. Image titled Make Symbols on a Mac Step 6
    Browse your options. The special characters popup has several categories. Click the tabs at the bottom to switch between them. Click the arrows tab to scroll to more categories.
    • If you're having trouble finding something, scroll up in the special characters popup to reveal a search bar.
    • You can switch between this small view and a large view using the button in the top right corner. You may need to scroll up before this button appears.
  4. Image titled Make Symbols on a Mac Step 7
    Choose your symbol. Double-click on a symbol to insert it into your text field. You can also drag-and-drop it into the field, or right-click, select Copy Character Info, then paste it into your text field.
    • On some older OS X versions, use the "Insert" button instead.
    • The next time you use this menu, recently used symbols will appear in the first tab for easy access.

Method 3
Using Keyboard Input Options

  1. Image titled Make Symbols on a Mac Step 8
    Open System Preferences. You can access this from the top menu through the Apple symbol, or in your Applications folder. It may be in your Dock as well.
  2. Image titled Make Symbols on a Mac Step 9
    Search for Input. Type "Input" into the search bar at the top right corner of the System Preferences window. This should highlight one or more menu options. Select whichever of the following becomes highlighted:
    • Keyboard (choose this if your OS X is up to date)
    • International (for some old versions of OS X)[4]
    • Language & Text (early versions of OS X)[5]
  3. Image titled Make Symbols on a Mac Step 10
    Click the Input Sources tab. Once you've opened the correct submenu, select the Input Sources tab. Depending on your OS X version, you should see a list of flags and country names, and/or an image of your keyboard.
  4. Image titled Make Symbols on a Mac Step 11
    Check the box next to "Show Input menu in menu bar." This option is at the bottom of the window. Once checked, you should see a new symbol appear on the right side of your menu bar, at the top of the screen. This may be a flag, or it may be a black and white image of a keyboard.
  5. Image titled Make Symbols on a Mac Step 12
    Show Character Viewer from the new menu option. Click the new symbol on your top menu bar, and select Show Character Viewer. This opens a window with a large collection of symbols (the same as the Emojis method above). Use it as follows:
    • Click a category name in the left pane.
    • Scroll through the middle pane to find the symbol you want. To see variations on the same symbol, click it and scroll through the right pane.
    • Double-click a symbol to "type" it, drag-and-drop it to a text field, or right-click and select Copy Character Info. On older versions of OS X, click the Insert button instead.
  6. Image titled Make Symbols on a Mac Step 13
    Show Keyboard Viewer. Another option from the same menu is "Show Keyboard Viewer." Select this, and an image of a keyboard will appear on your screen. This is useful for tracking down symbols that aren't printed on your physical keyboard. For example, try holding down Option and/or Shift and seeing how your onscreen keyboard changes.
    • You can drag the keyboard window anywhere on the screen. Resize it by click-and-dragging any of its corners.
  7. Image titled Make Symbols on a Mac Step 14
    Enable other keyboards (optional). If you type in multiple languages, return to the same menu in System Preferences. Hit the + sign and browse through the available languages, then click Add when you've selected the one you want. Even if you don't type in other languages, some of these layouts could come in handy:
    • For example, the English section may have a "U.S. Extended" keyboard. This unlocks even more symbols with the Option trick described above.
    • Some languages have an option to mimic a PC keyboard layout. This typically only changes the position of a few symbol keys.
    • If you type on a non-English keyboard, a temporary switch to the standard English "U.S." keyboard allows you to use our list of symbol shortcuts below.
  8. Image titled Make Symbols on a Mac Step 15
    Switch between keyboards. You can have many keyboards enabled at one time. To switch between them, use the same top menu option where you found the character and keyboard viewers. Select the keyboard you want to use from the drop-down list.
    • You can also create a hotkey to cycle through keyboards. Search for "Shortcuts" in the System Preferences search bar and click the highlighted menu. Once you're in the Shortcuts menu, select Input Sources on the left and check the box next to "Select the previous input source."

List of Symbol Shortcuts

The list on the left shows symbols you can type by holding down Option plus another key. The list at right requires you to press Option, Shift, and a third key.

Symbols With the Option / Alt Key Pressed

  • Option+` = dead key of grave accent: follow with aeiou to get àèìòù
  • Option+1 = ¡
  • Option+2 = ™
  • Option+3 = £
  • Option+4 = ¢
  • Option+5 = ∞
  • Option+6 = §
  • Option+7 = ¶
  • Option+8 = •
  • Option+9 = ª
  • Option+0 = º
  • Option+- = –
  • Option+= = ≠
  • Option+Q = œ
  • Option+W = ∑
  • Option+E = ´ dead key of acute accent: follow with aeiou to get áéíóú
  • Option+R = ®
  • Option+T = †
  • Option+Y = ¥
  • Option+U = ¨ dead key for diæresis : follow with aeiou to get äëïöü
  • Option+I = ˆ dead key of circumflex: follow with aeiou to get âêîôû
  • Option+O = ø
  • Option+P = π
  • Option+[ = “
  • Option+] = ‘
  • Option+\ = «
  • Option+A = å
  • Option+S = ß
  • Option+D = ∂
  • Option+F = ƒ
  • Option+G = ©
  • Option+H = ˙
  • Option+J = ∆
  • Option+K = ˚
  • Option+L = ¬
  • Option+; = …
  • Option+' = æ
  • Option+Z = Ω
  • Option+X = ≈
  • Option+C = ç
  • Option+V = √
  • Option+B = ∫
  • Option+N = ˜ dead key for ˜ : follow with ano to get ãñõ
  • Option+M = µ
  • Option+, = ≤
  • Option+. = ≥
  • Option+/ = ÷

Symbols With the Option / Alt and Shift Keys Pressed

  • Option+ Shift+` = `
  • Option+ Shift+1 = ⁄
  • Option+ Shift+2 = €
  • Option+ Shift+3 = ‹
  • Option+ Shift+4 = ›
  • Option+ Shift+5 = fi
  • Option+ Shift+6 = fl
  • Option+ Shift+7 = ‡
  • Option+ Shift+8 = °
  • Option+ Shift+9 = ·
  • Option+ Shift+0 = ‚
  • Option+ Shift+- = —
  • Option+ Shift+= = ±
  • Option+ Shift+Q = Œ
  • Option+ Shift+W = „
  • Option+ Shift+E = ´
  • Option+ Shift+R = ‰
  • Option+ Shift+T = ˇ
  • Option+ Shift+Y = Á
  • Option+ Shift+U = ¨
  • Option+ Shift+I = ˆ
  • Option+ Shift+O = Ø
  • Option+ Shift+P = ∏
  • Option+ Shift+[ = ”
  • Option+ Shift+] = ’
  • Option+ Shift+\ = »
  • Option+ Shift+A = Å
  • Option+ Shift+S = Í
  • Option+ Shift+D = Î
  • Option+ Shift+F = Ï
  • Option+ Shift+G = ˝
  • Option+ Shift+H = Ó
  • Option+ Shift+J = Ô
  • Option+ Shift+K = 
  • Option+ Shift+L = Ò
  • Option+ Shift+; = Ú
  • Option+ Shift+' = Æ
  • Option+ Shift+Z = ¸
  • Option+ Shift+X = ˛
  • Option+ Shift+C = Ç
  • Option+ Shift+V = ◊
  • Option+ Shift+B = ı
  • Option+ Shift+N = ˜
  • Option+ Shift+M = Â
  • Option+ Shift+, = ¯
  • Option+ Shift+. = ˘
  • Option+ Shift+/ = ¿
  • Option+ Shift+<
  • Option+ Shift+>


  • The specific keyboard shortcuts in this article are only guaranteed to work for the standard U.S. keyboard. Switch to this keyboard temporarily if you can't find the right symbol on your usual keyboard.
  • If one of the special symbols in this article displays as a rectangle, your browser is not displaying it properly. All major Mac browsers should be able to display these symbols.[6]

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