How to Litterbox Train Your Rat

This may seem strange, but it is possible to litterbox train a rat. This method might work on several other rodents, but no guarantees.


  1. Image titled Litterbox Train Your Rat Step 1
    Find the corner that your rats usually defecates. This is where you should put the litterbox. In some cases, your rats may not have a preferred toilet corner. Simply putting the litterbox in any corner will do, but try to keep it nearby an area your rats like to rest for easier access.
  2. Image titled Litterbox Train Your Rat Step 2
    Put some of the old feces into the mini-litterbox. This way, your rats will smell that this corner of their cage is a "toilet zone."
  3. Image titled Litterbox Train Your Rat Step 3
    Wait a few days. If your rats change bathroom corners, then move the litterbox to where they are currently going.
  4. Image titled Litterbox Train Your Rat Step 4
    Once your rats start using their litterbox, you can move it a few inches each day until it is where you wanted the litterbox in the first place.


  • Your rats might use a litterbox more often if it's big enough for her to turn around in, but not much bigger.
  • Be sure to clean out the litterbox regularly.
  • Some rats just aren't litterbox trainable and prefer to have the freedom of "going" wherever they want to. Simply accept this, and continue loving your rat.
  • Try putting some different bedding in the litterbox than the kind you use in the rest of her cage.
  • Rats probably won't use their litterbox for urinating. This is mostly true with males, who are determined to leave their scent all throughout their cage.
  • If your rats' cage is very big, you might want to give them a few more litterboxes. This way they'll have a few more accidents.
  • If you find one of your rats going inside the litterbox, instantly reward him/her with a treat.
  • Make sure you clean the litterbox often.


  • This will require lots of patience on your part. If you ever feel frustrated at this process, move away from your rats, take a deep breath, and try again. Some rats will learn to use a litterbox almost instantly, some will take quite a while, while others will never learn at all.
  • Don't use pine or cedar in or out of your rats' litterbox as that can cause diarrhea or other health issues.
  • Never force your rat to do anything! Some rats will go where they want to go. The best you can do is accept that.

Things You'll Need

  • Rat
  • Small box
  • Two types of bedding
  • A cage
  • Food and water for your rat

Article Info

Categories: Mice and Rats