How to Learn to Say Useful Phrases in Esperanto

Esperanto is a language which was created to provide a universal language that allows different countries and cultures to communicate and connect easily. There are no irregular nouns or verbs and that makes it an easy tongue to learn and assimilate. It derives from Indo-European language root and is now the native language of a small, but significant number of people.

Steps

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    Understand the alphabet: A (as in father), B (as in “boot”), C (like the TS in rats), Ĉ (as in “cello”), D (as in “dog”), E (as in pet), F (as in “fly”) G (as in “get”) Ĝ (as in “germ”), H (as in “help”), Ĥ (as the CH in “Bach”), I (as in “pink”), J (as the Y in yet), Ĵ (as the S in measure), K (as in “kangaroo”), L (as in “little”), M (as in “milk”), N (as in “no”), O (as in “note”), P (as in “pick”), R (with a very slight burr), S (as in “silly”), Ŝ (as in “sugar”), T (as in “time”), U (as in “rude”), Ŭ (as the W in “water”), V (as in “Viking”), and Z (as in “zip”).
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    Learn a few nouns: “amiko” friend, “kato” cat, “libro” book, and “viro” man, and “aŭto” car.
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    Add a -j onto nouns and any adjectives describing it to form the plural (e.g. bonaj amikoj).
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    Then add -N onto the Direct Object nouns of the verb and any adjectives describing them. For instance 'La amiko trinkas la varman lakton' (The friend drinks the warm milk. What is the friend drinking? the warm milk) Beware of copula verbs (such as 'esti', which is 'is' in English), these turn out predicate nouns rather than direct objects, which do not take an '-n'.
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    Learn a few adjectives: “longa” long, “nova” new, “pura” clean, and “varma” warm.
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    Put MAL- before the adjective attached to the adjective to make it mean the opposite: “mallonga” short, “malnova” old, “malpura” dirty, and “malvarma” cold.
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    Learn adverbs: “aktive” actively, “rapide” rapidly, “silente” quietly, and “zorgeme” carefully
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    Learn verbs: “esti” to be, “havi” to have, “mortigi” to kill, “lerni” to learn, and “povi” to be able to
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    Conjugate verbs into the imperative by removing the –i and replacing it with –u. This is for issuing commands. Example: 'Trinku la lakton!' (Drink the milk!)
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    Remember the pronouns for I, you (singular & plural), he/she/it, we, and them, which are mi, vi, li/ ŝi/ ĝi, ni, ili.
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    Add an –a onto each pronoun to make it possessive. (e.g. La mia bluas, la via ruĝas. "Mine is blue, yours is red".)
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    Use present conjugation with verbs. The -i gets taken off of the verb and replaced with –as. Example: 'La amiko trinkas la lakton.' (The friend drinks the milk.)
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    Use past conjugation with verbs by removing the -i and adding -is. Example: 'La amiko trinkis la lakton' (The friend drank the milk.)
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    Use future conjugation with verbs by replacing –i with –os. Example: 'La amiko trinkos la lakton' (The friend will drink the milk.)
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    Memorize these useful phrases: “Kion diable vi surhavas?” (What the heck are you wearing.) “Vi odoras kiel krokodilo.” (You smell like a crocodile.) ”Kiam flugos porkoj.” (When pigs fly.)
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    Form your own sentences (e.g. “Mi bedaŭras, mi mortigis vian katon ĝenan kaj bruan” (I’m sorry, I killed your annoying, noisy cat.) Note that word order is relatively free in Esperanto. Example: 'Mi vin amas', 'Mi amas vin', 'Vin amas mi', 'amas mi vin' all mean 'I love you'.

Tips

  • Notice that all nouns end in O, all adjectives end in A, and changing the A to E forms its adverb.
  • Go onto these websites for more information: www.esperanto.net , www.esperanto-usa.org , en.lernu.net
  • Take a look at some European languages because it is very helpful.

Warnings

  • Beware of online translators for foreign languages, and even Esperanto: you can't rely on them to choose the correct words.
  • Watch out for the placements of your adjectives and adverbs.
  • Know that the only living beings are assigned gender, so objects, places and other inanimate nouns are neuter and never assigned artificially as masculine or feminine.

Article Info

Categories: Esperanto