How to Know What to Expect when Getting a Tooth Implant

The person who does the implantation is known as prosthodontist who is having sufficient experience in restoration and implantation. Many advancements and high success rate in the field have generated a confidence among the individuals so that they no more scared of the dental surgery. Here is what to know what to expect from the process.

Steps

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    Understand what a tooth implant consists of. A tooth implant is a procedure of replacing the absent teeth with a medical screw-like device which will replace the root of the tooth. This will serve as a base for the artificial crown.
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    Expect the following from the process. First of all, the fixture is inserted inside the jawbone. The crown is placed over the implant so that the structure looks like other natural teeth. The person is given proper medication so they can be relaxed for the procedure. Then the defected area on which the expert has to operate is made numb by anesthesia. It would be easy to understand the process by going through the following steps:
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    Know what to expect from both surgeries. The tooth implant process is generally done in two steps as it includes two surgeries:
    • First surgery: In the first surgery the fixtures are inserted into the bone of the jaw. The incision or cut is made on the surface of gum where there is no tooth. This further exposes the underlying bone. The continuous drilling is done so as to make an opening in the bone where the fixture has to be inserted later on. The bone density is checked through X-rays and computer tomography(which is more accurate and shows the exact dimensions for the desired implant zone). Bone grafting is done when the required area of the bone doesn't have the optimal dimensions(the dimensions are established as optimal for each tooth; the dimensions are different for an incisor than a premolar for example). The implants are then twisted or screwed to the prepared site. Then the site is closed for three or four months. During this period the fusion occurs between the implant and the jawbone. Medication and several antibiotics are given. A good oral hygiene must be maintained so that the medical procedure is successful The patient has to make several visits to the dentist.
    • Second surgery: During the second surgery when the fixture has fused tightly the abutments are fused. The abutments are the small connectors made of metal. The cut is made for the exposure of the implant. The cap or abutments are fixed on the fixture. Some of the physicians put the caps in the first surgery and allow the part to fuse. This saves the time for second surgery. The last and final step in the tooth implant involves the replacement of the cap with the impression post. The impression is taken of tooth, post and surrounding teeth. The cap is replaced for the period of two to three weeks when restoration of part is being done. The restoration is like a crown which is fixed to abutment or directly to part. There is single tooth implant for replacement of single teeth and multiple for replacing multiple teeth or to support bridges. The second surgery takes less than about one hour as compared to the first surgery. Use a soft toothbrush for the proper cleaning of the abutments after the tooth implant. Such fixture avoids the shifting of the teeth. An ideal person for the tooth implant is: one who has not taken many medications, has no blood or cardiovascular disorders and has suitable jawbone density for the support of the implant.

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Categories: Oral Hygiene | Teeth and Mouth