How to Identify the Gerund As One of the English Verbals

Verbals in English come in three forms none of which are furry little animals. They are Gerunds, Participles, and Infinitives. This article will guide you through the process of identification of the Gerund.

Steps

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    Refer to the definition of the GERUND: it is the -ing form of the verb that is used exclusively as a noun.
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    Find the word that ends in -ing
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    Example: Jumping out of a perfectly good airplane is insane.
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    Determine how the -ing word is being used in the sentence.
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    Find the verb in the sentence [is]
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    Ask yourself, "Who or what is insane?"
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    Determine that the answer is JUMPING out. . . airplane.
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    Conclude that the subject is JUMPING out. . . airplane.
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    Acknowledge that JUMPING is an -ing form of the verb used as the subject of this sentence.
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    Note that the verbal aspect of the word JUMPING (i.e., the part that acts like a verb) takes the adverbial prepositional phrase modifier, out of a perfectly good airplane.
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    Perform the IT substitution to verify the results.
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    Most gerunds can be substituted for by the word it. However, the substitution is intended only for the gerund itself and NOT any of the modifiers or objects of their verbal function. Apply this principle to the above example.
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    The proof is in the verified substitution: It is insane is equal to jumping [out of a perfectly good airplane.] is insane.

Article Info

Categories: English