How to Go Trekking in the Himalayas

Himalayas, also known as “the abode of snow” and "'Shangri La" forming the earth's highest mountain region, with 9 of the 10 highest peaks in the world. The highest mountain range forming a broad continuous arc for nearly 2600 km (1600 mi) along the northern fringes. Every year the thousands of trekkers, mountaineers, pilgrims visit the region, famous not only for the most inhospitable heights and tough terrains but also the most beautiful scenic beauty on the earth to feel rejuvenated on your way back to your home. Here are few travel tips in the Himalayas:


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    Do the Necessary Pre-Research: Before, you plan to come, do your research on the region you would like to visit for trekking and for that you may take help through different search engines on the internet that will provide you information regarding the area, local tours and guides. You can register with the region’s local licensed tour company to make your travel easier. The climate and geography is complex, so when considering your trip you need to plan carefully where to go, when to go and what your budget is.
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    Know the Region: The Himalayan mountain chain is spread southeast to northwest across the Asian continent. In the east, the Himalaya originates from a knot between Myanmar, Tibet (now under China) and India. The chain continues to the border of Bhutan. Beyond that lies Sikkim, home to many peaks including the world’s third highest, Kangchenjunga. The Himalayan range west of Sikkim forms part of Nepal until you reach the border of Kumaun and Garhwal. From here the Indian Himalayan chain continues without a break through Kinnaur, Spiti, Ladakh and lastly East Karakoram range. Knowing the region may help you choose the suitable area for the trekking depending on the type of trekking terrains you want to choose.
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    Planning and Preparation: the first and foremost part is that you like hiking in the first place! Consider some short hikes nearby home to develop basic fitness, start by walking slow in the beginning and gradually increasing your pace. Consider carrying a backpack, camping for days together, walking on rough trails, the different food. This will help you to select the trek best suited to you. walking alone or with few friends can be wonderful, though it is easier for the young as you need to put more than walking into your day. If you plan to camp out and cook, develop stamina. If you plan to stay in local homes or tea houses, than you must know the language a little, learn the basics like greeting and common phrases used by locals.
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    Physical Condition: when you are planning to trek in Himalayas, it demands a degree of physical fitness in which muscles are conditioned to take the rigors of ascent and descent in long marches. A trek is enjoyed more if you are not particularly tired on reaching the camp after a day's march. Even if you are only moderately conditioned at the outset, it will not take more than 2 to 3 days to become almost fully conditioned after a week you will either be perfectly tuned or completely fed up, depending upon your mental and physical responses. Enjoy your walk keeping in tune with the demands of the land.
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    Mental Condition: mental preparation is more complex than physical condoning. The experience is likely to be a cultural surprise cum shock which you must learn to absorb. You need to adjust, at least temporarily, to the ways and responses of the people and sights encountered wherever you happen to travel. Only those read few books about the Himalayas will not acquaint you with the region from authentic sources. Most Europeans who have never visited India and Nepal before have wrong ideas and notions about the country. The initial experience - the heat, the noise and the street life, the vibrant colors and the multitudes of people - may bewilder and exhaust the first - time visitor, but the country and its people are friendly and hospitable. Once you have spent some time here everything will fall into place, and you will be amply rewarded with your first glimpse of the Himalayan peaks, one of the most spectacular mountain ranges in the world.
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    Preparation for the Trip: there are various factors to consider, both mental and physical, in preparation for the trip. : -
    • physical conditioning of the cardiovascular system with aerobic exercise.
    • background reading, maps etc.
    • wear warm clothes as climate in such higher altitude areas remain very cold throughout the year.
    • camping and cooking equipment: this depends on the style of trekking, but if you are totally equipping yourself then you could consider the following:
    • sturdy rain-proof tent.
    • sleeping bag with liner and foam mattress.
    • backpack, day pack and probably a duffel bag to keep in storage in hotels while on trek.
    • a kerosene stove that can be cleaned easily, a leak-proof fuel container, lightweight pots, pans and cutlery. Favorite food items.
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    Food and Fitness: first rule for anyone interested in trekking in the Himalayan region is that one must be good in physical and mental condition. Good food is essential part of the trekking and here good food does not refer to costly delicacies but wholesome and nutritious diet. Choice of food is limited once you leave the town and head for wilderness. In many villages there are no food outlets and the trekkers have to be on their own for food. One should drink boiled water or tea mostly to avoid dehydration. However freshly cooked food has no substitute as tinned food losses its taste after some time. Trekkers should carry dry fruits, chocolates, sweets, soup packets, coffee powder, a biscuit, butter cheese, noodles etc.
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    Altitude Sickness: no other mountains deserve the kind of respect the Himalaya do in terms of altitude. As the Himalayan Rescue Association likes to point out, 'The Himalaya starts where other mountains leave off.' Remember it is the sleeping altitude that is critical. If you ascend to an area of high altitude, you are likely to experience some form of altitude sickness. Usually, the symptoms are mild and will improve if you descend. What counts as high altitude? *high altitude refers to heights that are between 1,500 and 3,500m above sea level.*very high altitude is from 3,500 to 5,500m above sea level.*extreme altitude is from 5,500 to 7,500m above sea level. The way to prevent altitude sickness is to give the body enough time to get used to the rarefied air. A slow and steady ascent is vital. Adequate hydration is also helpful. The body is constantly losing fluid from the lungs and the skin in the high, dry environment. Drink enough to maintain a clear and abundant urine output. Other measures include eating a high carbohydrate diet, climbing high during the day and coming lower down to sleep, and to mild to moderate activity during the rather than just lie around. Almost all altitude problems can be avoided if symptoms are recognized and acted upon. The warning signs are headache, lack of appetite, nausea, feeling of tiredness, and sometimes vomiting. This stage of mild mountain sickness can be treated with aspirin or Diamox for headache and something mild for the nausea and vomiting.
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    The Trekker Medical Kit: should include wound disinfectants, band aids in different sizes, gauze pads and rolls, mosquito repellents if crossing malarial areas, thermometer, analgesics, and anti-inflammatory and other antibiotics as prescribed by a doctor from a travel clinic. Always ask your doctor for advice and read the patient information that comes with your medicine.


  • ensure someone (family member or friend) is informed of your itinerary;
  • register with the Office of Embassy in that country;
  • eat high carbohydrates food in higher altitudes
  • obtain detailed information on the trekking routes before setting out; and
  • check in at police posts during the trek, so that the trekking permits and your progress can be logged and you can be traced in an emergency.
  • be in top physical condition;
  • Have a Happy Trekking Time
  • Never trek alone
  • buy travel insurance that includes helicopter rescue and medical evacuation services;
  • keep yourself well hydrated with proper fluids intake
  • Always hire an experienced guide and ensure the trekking company is reputable;
  • be familiar with the symptoms of acute mountain sickness (which can be fatal);
  • Take along with you all the basic trekking equipment including your tent, food, water, any multitool or folding pocket knife


  • The most important thing to consider is safety; this means faithfully following the instructions of your tour guide. We have to adapt our rhythm to the life of the birds and animals of Himalayas and this means sometimes to sacrifice a few comforts.
  • Travellers should keep informed of regional weather forecasts, avoid disaster areas and follow the advice of local authorities.
  • Weather can be cold, windy and wet, so do be prepared. Also, bring along water and protect against the strong sunlight.
  • The path can get rocky sometimes, so be careful where you are stepping.
  • Most of the trekking takes place in areas totally without any kind of tourist structure; therefore, it is necessary to have adaptability and a spirit of cooperation.
  • The area can be covered with clouds so visibility can become low sometimes.
  • It is necessary to limit shouts, sounds etc.
  • Follow the trail and markings, do not move away or you may get lost. Many people do trekking here so you are not alone.

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Categories: Backpacking and Hiking | Travel Tips