How to Get Ready for Model United Nations

Model United Nations (also known as MUN) is an academic competition where students learn about diplomacy, international relations, and, of course, the United Nations. If you're interested in learning how to prepare for MUN, read on.


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    Come prepared. To be prepared you have to study ahead of time. Do you research to understand the topic fully. Know your country's stance on the case very well, and be prepared with strong opening and concluding statements.
    • To create the right impression, prepare a formal outfit and practice your main points beforehand. This will help you appear professional and confident.
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    Believe in your position. You don't, in your personal life, need to agree with what your delegation is arguing. However, you do need to understand their position thoroughly enough to argue it convincingly. Research every avenue that you need to in order to "get on board" with their position in the debate. The more convinced you are, the better equipped you'll be to convince others of the arguments.
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    Listen and take notes. Listening is just as important as talking in a debate. If you focus on what your opponents are saying, you won't be able to counter their most powerful arguments. Make sure you listen and write down key points so that you can counter your opponent's points and make your arguments stronger.
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    Marshall your facts. If you don't have facts, your arguments will come off weak. Don't cram too many facts all into one statement or speech, or they might be overwhelming and key points will get lost in the shuffle. Instead, pick out your most convincing facts, the ones that your audience will remember. Take your time and appear confident and strong on your opinion. This is good if you want to become a lawyer in the future.
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    Get involved whenever you can. When you see a good opportunity to make a powerful point in your favor, take it. Never say "This doesn't involve me". Every single country in the conference can be heavily involved in the debate if they choose to be. There is no such thing as "My country is not relevant to this conflict”.
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    Keep calm. No matter whether the debate leans in your favor or not, keep cool. Exploding at another delegate or showing when you're upset or feel defeated will only make your arguments look even weaker. Stay calm, regroup your thoughts, and come up with new arguments as needed. If you give off the impression of being in control, your argument will seem more powerful.
    • If you start doubting yourself because a debate isn't going your way, stay strong. Have faith in the preparation you did and in the strength of your arguments.
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    Debate with body language, not just speech. Powerful speakers use gestures, stance, and eye contact to their advantage. Review some speeches on YouTube or in your practice sessions with other Model UN participants, and see what moves you as an audience member. Doesn't the speaker seem more convincing if they have a strong and confident voice, and if they use tone to help them make a point? Stand tall, project your voice, and use your gestures and tone to add power to your words.


  • Always take notes of everything and refer to yourself as "delegate from...".


  • Review what you are going to say in your head.
  • Never get caught in your words.
  • Never interrupt.

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