How to Get Anxiety Medication

Three Methods:Seeking Medical AttentionChoosing An Anxiety MedicationDeciding If Anxiety Medication Is Right For You

If you have anxiety, finding the right treatment may seem like a daunting task. One treatment option for anxiety is medication, though finding the right medication can be even more confusing. Learn how to choose anxiety medication so you can get proper treatment.

Method 1
Seeking Medical Attention

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    Visit your doctor. The first step in getting anxiety medication is going to see your doctor. Start with your primary physician to get a physical. Your physician will determine if you have an underlying medical cause for the anxiety.[1]
    • When you go to your doctor, you should be honest about your symptoms. Tell your doctor about your anxieties and what your general mood has been lately.[2]
    • After you receive a diagnosis from either your doctor, you can begin discussing medication and other treatment options.
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    Get a referral to a mental health professional. After seeing a doctor, you may be referred to a psychiatrist or other mental health professional. This may be the case if you have an anxiety disorder that needs specific treatments, like therapy, in addition to medication.[3]
    • You may be referred to a psychiatrist, clinical psychologist, occupational therapist, or social worker.
    • The mental health professional will discuss various topics with you, like your life, support system, and previous treatments. You should be honest when asked questions about your life. The mental health professional will try to diagnose your anxiety disorder and base a treatment around that.
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    Discuss the medication with your doctor. You should have a conversation with your doctor about any medication you choose to take. You should ask your doctor questions about the medication, and have your doctor explain everything in detail.[4]
    • Find out how long the medicine will take to start working.
    • Ask your doctor to detail any side effects. You should also ask your doctor how the medicine is going to help you so you can weight the side effects with the helpful effects.
    • Figure out exactly how you should take the medication. Ask about the time of day, whether you should take it with food, and how often you should take it.

Method 2
Choosing An Anxiety Medication

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    Take anti-anxiety medication. Anti-anxiety medication is better known as benzodiazepines. These types of medication are considered tranquilizers because they help slow down the brain and body. They work quickly and can be taken during an anxiety attack.[5]
    • Common anti-anxiety meds include Xanax, Klonopin, Valium, or Ativan.
    • Anti-anxiety medication can lead to dependence when taken for longer than four months.
    • This type of medication can interact negatively with alcohol, painkillers, and sleeping pills.
    • High risk individuals for taking anxiety medication include people over 65, pregnant women, and those with a history of substance abuse.
    • Stopping taking anxiety medication suddenly may cause withdrawal. This may include increased anxiety, insomnia, shaking, rapid heartbeat, sweating, and disorientation.
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    Take antidepressant medications. Common antidepressant medications are used to treat anxiety. Antidepressants have a lower risk for dependence and substance abuse. When using antidepressants, it may take over a month to feel the effects.[6]
    • Common antidepressants used for anxiety include Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil, Lexapro, and Celexa.
    • Stopping taking antidepressants can cause severe depression, fatigue, irritability, anxiety, insomnia, and flu-like symptoms.
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    Try Buspirone. Buspirone is a newer mild tranquilizer used as anti-anxiety medication. This medicine acts slower than other anxiety medication. The effects may take around two weeks to start working.[7]
    • Buspirone doesn’t have the same side effects as other anxiety medications. It doesn’t lead to dependence as easily, there are only minor withdrawal symptoms, and it doesn’t impair cognitive function as badly.
    • Buspirone has been shown to be most effective with generalized anxiety disorder.
    • This may be a good option for people over 65 of those with a history of substance abuse.
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    Use beta blockers or antihistamines for performance anxiety. Beta blockers and antihistamines are sometimes used to help with anxiety. They are mostly used in connection with norepinephrine and the fight-or-flight response. Beta blockers and antihistamines can help relieve physical symptoms connected with anxiety but does nothing for the emotional symptoms.[8][9][10]
    • These medications can help with things like shaking, dizziness, and pounding heart.
    • They may be helpful if you have phobias or performance anxiety.
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    Identify the side effects of the different medications. Each of the different types of medications used to treat anxiety have side effects. These side effects can vary from minor to severe. Before choosing a medication, weigh the side effects next to the benefits to make the right choice for you.[11]
    • Anti-anxiety medication can cause drowsiness, slow reflexes, slurred speech, disorientation, depression, dizziness, impaired thinking, memory loss, upset stomach, and blurred vision. Some people may experience the opposite of the calming effects, experiencing mania, rage, aggression, impulsive behavior, or hallucinations.
    • Antidepressants may cause nausea, weight gain, drowsiness, headaches, nervousness, decreased libido, upset stomach, and dizziness.
    • Buspirone can cause stomach problems, such as nausea, constipation, or diarrhea, headaches, drowsiness, dry mouth, and dizziness.
    • Beta blockers can cause abnormally slow pulse, nausea, light-headedness, and sleepiness.
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    Choose the right medication for you. Each anxiety medication has characteristics that may influence your choice. You should think about whether you need immediate relief for a phobia or anxiety/panic attack, or whether you need something longer lasting. You should also think about whether you fit into a risk group for a particular medication, if you have medication or lifestyle choices that interfere with the meds, or if dependence is a concern.
    • If you need immediate help for panic or anxiety attacks, anti-anxiety medication like Xanax, Klonopin, Valium, or Ativan may be right for you.
    • If you want a medication for longer management, try antidepressants.
    • Beta blockers and antihistamines may be a good choice if you have a very specific phobia.
    • If you have a history of substance abuse, antidepressants or Buspirone may work well. These two may also work well if you are over 65.

Method 3
Deciding If Anxiety Medication Is Right For You

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    Determine if a non-medication treatment is better. Medication can help manage symptoms during bad times. However, before you take medication, you should explore other treatment options. Many doctors and mental health professionals believe that non-medication treatments are more effective than medicine.[12]
    • Non-medication treatment options include therapy, behavior therapy, relaxation and breathing techniques, cognitive therapy, diet and exercise, and working on assertiveness and self-esteem.
    • These other types of treatments can help you address the underlying reasons for your anxiety and the emotional and psychological symptoms. They can also help you learn skills to manage your anxiety in your daily life.
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    Know that medication is not a cure. Medication can help alleviate the symptoms of anxiety. However, no anxiety medication will cure you of your anxiety. Treating and curing your anxiety includes a variety of different approaches. Medications should provide short-time help while you work through issues. For some, medication can help in the long-term with chronic disorders.[13]
    • Discuss with your doctor before you take medication what other treatments are available for long-term management and treatment for your specific anxiety disorder.
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    Be patient. Finding the right treatment and medication combination for you may take some time. The first medicine you try may not the right for you, so your doctor may have to change your meds a few times before you find the right fit. Just remember to be patient as you and your doctor find the right treatment for you.[14]
    • Your doctor may suggest alternatives to medication. Consider trying other forms of treatment in place of or alongside the medication.
    • Make sure to follow up with your doctor and discuss any changes, symptoms, or side effects you are experiencing.

Article Info

Categories: Anxiety Disorders | Taking Pills and Medicine