How to Ease Herpes Pain with Home Remedies

Six Methods:Treating Herpes Pain at HomeTreating Genital Herpes Pain at HomeUsing Medical Treatments at HomePreventing a Herpes OutbreakManaging an OutbreakUnderstanding HSV-1 and HSV-2

What people call herpes consists of two closely related viruses, herpes simplex type 1 and type 2 viruses (HSV-1 and HSV-2, respectively). HSV-1 most often causes cold sores or fever blisters on the mouth and lips while HSV-2 causes them on the genitals.[1] Both types of herpes are very itchy and painful conditions that can occur in both men and women. The herpes virus enters the human body through direct (sex, kissing, touching) or indirect (sharing contaminated personal items) contact with the infected person. Though the virus has no cure, you can take steps at home or through your physician to reduce pain and discomfort associated with herpes outbreaks, as well as to reduce the duration of an outbreak.

Method 1
Treating Herpes Pain at Home

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    Use ice on the area. The simplest way to help relieve herpes pain at home is by using ice. Ice provides immense relief to most types of pain, as it numbs the skin and dulls the pain receptors in the area.[2]
    • Cover the ice pack with a towel so that it doesn't get too cold. Then place the ice pack over the area with the sores.
    • Cover the ice pack with a fresh towel each time, and wash each towel in hot, soapy water after use in order to prevent further spread of the infection.
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    Apply a warm compress. If cold doesn't help relieve the pain, some people get more relief with hot/warm compresses. Use a clean cotton towel or washcloth folded so that it covers the entire area with the sores. Use water that is at a warm-hot temperature. Soak the towel, wring out excess water, and apply to the painful area.
    • Use a clean towel or washcloth each time you repeat the process and wash each item in hot soapy water to prevent the possible spread of the infection.
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    Apply propolis to the affected area. Propolis is a waxy resin made by bees that has antiviral properties and appears to accelerate the healing of sores.[3][4] You can use ointments or salves that contain propolis to soothe and help heal the sores.[5]
    • Many health food stores and drugstores carry these products.
    • Make sure you buy an ointment or salve (not a capsule or tincture) and follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
    • For propolis and any other topical home remedy, try a small amount on an unaffected area of skin and wait twenty-four hours (to ensure you don't have any allergic reactions) before applying it to the site of your outbreak.
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    Apply aloe to help relieve pain. Aloe gel or an aloe ointment can be used for pain relief.[6] Apply directly onto the sore either by breaking off a bit of an aloe plant and squeezing out the juice or by using a commercial product and following the manufacturer’s instructions.
    • You can let the aloe gel or ointment dry and later wash off the crust. Reapply every four hours as needed.
    • Whether directly from an aloe plant or from a commercial bottle, the cooling effect of the gel can help ease pain and promote healing. If you do have the whole plant, take a fresh leaf of aloe vera in your hand. With a knife, cut it into two halves. Apply one of the gelled parts directly on the infected area.
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    Try taking a lysine supplement. 1-3 grams of lysine per day may shorten the length of an outbreak.[7] Some studies have indicated that it may be effective at reducing the number of outbreaks of oral herpes sores but should be taken for only about 3-4 weeks at most.[8]
    • Lysine is an amino acid (a protein “building block”) that may increase cholesterol and triglyceride levels, so check with a knowledgeable healthcare professional before taking it.
    • You can also consume foods rich in lysine, such as fish, chicken, eggs, and potatoes.[9]
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    Apply olive oil. Olive oil is known for moisturizing the skin. It is rich in antioxidants and is one of the best home remedies for herpes sores. It also contains dinitrochlorobenzene, which plays a vital role in treating herpes infection.[10]
    • Heat a cup of olive oil in a pot with a few sprigs of lavender and some beeswax. After cooling, apply the mixture on the infected area. The beeswax should help keep the oil mixture in place, but you may need to lie down to keep it on the sore.
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    Apply manuka honey on the area. Manuka honey has antibacterial and antiviral properties.[11] It can help in the quick healing of herpes blisters and cold sores. All you have to do is to apply the thick honey around the affected region. Apply it several times during the course of the day to make it more effective.
    • Apply it with cotton swabs or cotton pads directly on your blisters. It can sting you at first, but soon you will feel a numbness on the affected area.
    • Make sure while applying raw honey to your genitals to lie down to ensure the honey stays directly on the area and doesn't drip off.
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    Apply oregano oil directly on the area. Oregano oil, with its anti-viral properties, helps in the speedy recovery of herpes blisters.[12] You just need to apply some oregano oil directly on the infected area with a cotton swab and let it sit for 10-15 minutes. Then wash off the area and pat dry.
    • Oregano oil, calendula oil, or jojoba oil can all be applied alone or as a mixture.
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    Apply tea tree oil. Tea tree oil has been hailed as a veritable cure-all when it comes to any ailment that involves open sores. It is commonly used to treat canker sores and sore throats, and may assist with healing herpes sores outbreaks.[13] Simply use the eye-dropper that comes with the bottle and use a single drop of the oil on the infected area.
    • Most tea tree oil that is available OTC is concentrated and distilled for maximum potency, so only a small amount is needed for the effects to take place.
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    Apply coconut oil. Coconut oil has anti-viral properties against lipid-coated viruses, like the herpes virus, that may help fight the outbreaks of herpes virus that cause sores. It is also an effective skin moisturizer.[14][15]
    • Although some doctors recommend consuming coconut oil to help boost your immune system, use it sparingly. Coconut oil is about 90% saturated fat, far higher than butter (64%), beef fat (40%), or lard (40%). Studies have not yet shown that its benefits outweigh the potential risk for heart disease that comes with eating too much saturated fat.[16]

Method 2
Treating Genital Herpes Pain at Home

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    Use calamine lotion to soothe genital herpes. Calamine lotion can help dry out blisters and soothe the skin. Only use it on genital herpes when the lesions are not on mucous tissue—so don’t use calamine lotion on the vagina, vulva, or labia.[17]
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    Soak genital herpes sores in an oatmeal bath. An oatmeal bath (or even using an oatmeal product such as Aveeno soap) can help reduce the discomfort of the sores.[18] Place about one cup of oatmeal into a nylon sock and place the sock over the tap. Allow very warm water to run through the oatmeal. Soak in the oatmeal bath as long as comfortable.
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    Take a salt bath to dry out genital herpes sores. Epsom salt contains magnesium sulphate and other essential minerals that are helpful in drying, soothing, and cleansing sores. For this reason, epsom salts are important in relieving the pain and the itching that comes with a herpes infection.[19] To use this remedy:
    • Warm some bathwater and add around 1/2 cup of epsom salt. Soak for at least twenty minutes.
    • Always make sure to dry the affected area well after having a warm bath or applying a warm towel. Keeping the area dry will prevent any further itching, irritation, or any possible fungal infection. If a towel irritates your sore skin, use a hair dryer on the cold setting.
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    Apply a lemon balm ointment. Lemon balm ointments can relieve acute symptoms of HSV infections.[20] Examples of products available are Wise Ways Herbals Lemon Balm salve and Amber’s Organics Lemon Balm ointment. Follow the manufacturer’s directions for the application of your specific product.[21]
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    Try a combination of sage and Chinese rhubarb. In one study, a combination of sage with Chinese rhubarb in a cream was as effective as acyclovir (which is a prescription-strength drug used to treat herpes) at healing HSV infections of the female genitalia.[22]
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    Try topical St John’s wort. Topical St John’s wort is a traditional herb used to treat viral infections. There haven't been any human studies to date using St John’s wort, but lab studies have indicated that the herb can inhibit HSV replication.[23]
    • Examples of products available include like Organic's St John’s wort salve and Bianca Rosa’s St John’s wort salve/ointment.
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    Apply zinc ointment to herpes sores outside of the mouth. Zinc ointments are effective against HSV in lab tests.[24] You can use a 0.3% zinc oxide cream (with glycine). Ask your pharmacist for help in finding these and follow manufacturer’s instructions.

Method 3
Using Medical Treatments at Home

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    Consider taking antiviral drugs such as zovirax (Acyclovir), famciclovir (Famvir), or valacyclovir (Valtrex) for genital herpes. These can be prescribed by your physician. These medications mainly act by inhibiting the DNA polymerase of the herpes virus, preventing its multiplication.[25] These medications are generally given for the first outbreak and to control subsequent outbreaks.[26]
    • Only really severe cases of oral herpes will require these medications.[27]
    • Zovirax is available in many dosage forms, such as tablets, syrups, injections, and as topical creams for the skin and eye. Each form should be used according to the patient’s medical condition and age. Creams can be applied directly to the blisters whether being in the mouth or on the genitals.
    • Acyclovir, for example, is prescribed as 800 mg 5 times a day for 7-10 days.
    • Ophthalmic cream is useful in case of herpes keratitis (herpes affecting the eye causing itching and discharge) to be applied once at bedtime.
    • Tablets and injections are more useful when the systemic route is wanted. In severe cases, tablets are taken twice daily.
    • The most common side effects with these medications are nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, headache, fatigue, dizziness and muscle aches.
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    Take an NSAID, like ibuprofen. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can be taken to reduce the irritation and inflammation at the affected site. They act by blocking the two enzymes responsible for prostaglandin production, COX-I and COX-II. Prostaglandin is involved in the inflammation process and in producing pain. NSAIDs have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties that can help relieve fever. You can usually relieve pain from a herpes outbreak with over-the-counter NSAIDs.[28]
    • Examples are Cataflam (Diclofenac salt) and Brufen (Ibuprofen) to be taken as tablets, syrups, effervescent sachets, suppositories, or topical creams. A typical adult dose can be one 50 mg cataflam tablet taken twice daily after meals.
    • NSAIDs have some side effects, mostly gastrointestinal disorders like nausea, vomiting, peptic or gastric ulcers. Patients with renal or hepatic disorders should ask their doctor first before taking these medications.
    • Take the lowest possible dosage to relieve your pain. Do not take NSAIDs for longer than two weeks without consulting your doctor. Chronic use of NSAIDs is linked to the formation of gastric ulcers and other health conditions.[29][30]
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    Take acetaminophen alternatively. This medication can be taken for the same types of pain as NSAIDs, but has fewer anti-inflammatory properties. That being said, it still has anti-pain and anti-fever effects, relieving some of the symptoms.
    • Paracetamol is available as Tylenol or Panadol and can be taken as tablets, syrups, or suppositories. A typical adult dose can be two 500mg tablets to be taken up to four times daily after meals.
    • Take the lowest possible dose to relieve your pain. Acetaminophen overdose can cause liver damage.[31][32] It may also be linked to kidney disease.[33]
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    Try a local anesthetic such as lidocaine. A local anesthetic can be applied directly on the blisters especially on the genitals or the rectum to ease the irritation and itch sensation. A common example is Xylocaine (lidocaine) in gel form. It is well absorbed through the mucous membrane to create a numbness at the skin site.
    • Xylocaine can be applied twice daily.
    • Wear gloves or use a cotton swab to apply lidocaine to avoid numbing your fingers.

Method 4
Preventing a Herpes Outbreak

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    Use echinacea to enhance your immune system.[34] Echinacea is a medicinal plant and has antiviral properties.[35] It is known for enhancing the immune system. All parts of the echinacea plant, namely flowers, leaves, and roots can be used for treating herpes outbreaks. It can be consumed in the form of tea, juices, or pills.
    • Echinacea supplements are widely available at most pharmacies, certain grocery stores, and is also available online.
    • If using echinacea as a tea, drink 3-4 cups a day.
    • If using it as a supplement, follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
    • Consult with your doctor before using echinacea if you have tuberculosis, leukemia, diabetes, connective tissue disorders, multiple sclerosis, HIV or AIDS, autoimmune disease, or liver disorders. Echinacea may interfere with these conditions.[36]
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    Try licorice root (Glycyrrhiza glabra). Licorice root contains glycyrrhizic acid, which has shown therapeutic benefit in the treatment of herpes. High levels of glycyrrhizic acid have actually affected irreversible deactivation of the herpes simplex virus in vitro.[37] It should be noted, however, that prolonged use of licorice may result in the retention of sodium and a loss of potassium, so individuals suffering from heart problems and pregnant women should avoid the intake of licorice.
    • For the treatment of herpes, the extracts of licorice roots can be effective. Alternatively, intake of two capsules of the extracts of the roots of licorice is equally beneficial.
    • Talk with your doctor before using licorice root. Glycyrrhizin, the active ingredient in licorice, can cause pseudoaldosteronism, a medical condition that causes headaches, fatigue, high blood pressure, or even heart attacks. People with heart failure or heart disease, kidney or liver disease, high blood pressure, hormone-sensitive cancers, diabetes, low potassium, or erectile dysfunction should not take licorice.[38]
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    Use medicinal variants of seaweed. Seaweeds such as Pterocladia capillacea, Gymnogongrus griffithsiae, Cryptonemia crenulata, and Nothogenia fastigiata (red seaweeds from South America), Bostrychia montagnei (sea moss), and Gracilaria corticata (a red seaweed from India) can all inhibit HSV infections.[39] These seaweeds can be used as medical food by adding them to salads or stews, or they can be found as supplements.
    • If you are using it as a supplement, follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
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    Eat a healthy diet. Keep yourself as healthy as possible by eating well. The healthier you (and your immune system are), the better you will be able to get through the herpes flare up and possibly prevent outbreaks and reduce their severity.[40] The "Mediterranean diet," rich in olive oil and fruits and vegetables, may help boost your immune system and offer protection from some inflammatory disease.[41][42]
    • Totally avoid processed, packaged and prepared foods.
    • Only eat whole foods. These are foods that are as close to their natural state as possible. For instance, increase the amounts of fruits and vegetables that you eat. Limit red meat and increase the amounts of (skinless) poultry. Stick with complex carbohydrates, such as those found in whole grains, lentils, beans and in vegetables. Increase the nuts and seeds in your diet, as these contain high levels of minerals, vitamins, and healthy fats.
    • Avoid processed or added sugar. This includes sugars added to processed foods like high fructose corn syrup. If you need a “sweet hit”, try using Stevia, an herb that can provide 60 times the sweetness of sugar, or eat fruit. In addition, avoid artificial sweeteners.
    • Increase healthy fats. These are the omega-3 fats found in fish and olive oil.
    • Drink wine in moderation. Wine is part of the Mediterranean diet and, when consumed in moderation, may help contribute to overall health.[43]
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    Drink plenty of water. Staying well hydrated will help your system to work better, allowing your body to better fight off the herpes outbreak. Drink at least 6-8 (8oz) glasses of water every day, whether you have an outbreak or not.
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    Exercise regularly. Our bodies work best when we exercise. Regular exercise helps keep your immune system in better shape, possibly helping to prevent outbreaks.[44][45]
    • Start slow by walking more often. Park the car far away, use stairs instead of escalators or elevators, walk the dog, or just plain take a walk! If you want, join a gym and find a fitness coach. Lift weights, do cardiovascular workouts, use an elliptical, whatever you enjoy and will stick with.
    • Make sure you talk to your physician and make sure you know what you should and shouldn't be doing. Don't push yourself too hard.
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    Use relaxation techniques to deal with the stress of living with herpes. Living with herpes can impact every aspect of your life. Also, stress and tension can trigger an outbreak, so finding ways to relax can be very useful. Try yoga, meditation, exercise, or deep breathing to calm yourself.[46] Stress relief can even be as easy as finding a hobby that you enjoy or taking a relaxing walk in your neighborhood.

Method 5
Managing an Outbreak

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    Wear loose, cotton clothing. Always wear cotton loose clothes, especially underwear. Cotton is natural and soft, gentle on your skin and doesn't irritate the skin any more than it already is. Cotton will allow your skin to heal and breathe.[47]
    • Other synthetic materials can't absorb any of your sweat and can inflame, trigger and worsen your genital herpes. This goes for all synthetic materials, such as nylon, as well as silk.
    • Avoid tight clothing, as it will trap sweat and further irritate your skin.
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    Keep clean and hygienic. Make your personal hygiene a priority. Take frequent showers, especially during summer or on hotter days. Change your clothes when you are sweaty or dirty.
    • Use detergent soaps to wash your affected areas and hands, especially after each bowel movement, after applying your topical creams, after getting in contact with other people, and before eating.
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    Avoid sexual activity. If you have a herpes outbreak, avoid partaking in any sexual activities to avoid infecting your partner. While you may infect him or her when the virus is dormant, it's much more likely to happen if you have an active infection.[48]
    • Always have protected sex by using condoms to prevent the contact of fluids with any possible cuts in the skin. Any unprotected sexual activity can put those you are with at risk.
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    Take care of yourself. As an outbreak can happen due to stress and sickness, it's incredibly important that you take care of yourself to make the current outbreak go away faster and to prevent future outbreaks. Here's a few things to keep in mind:
    • Get 7-8 hours of sleep daily. Being fatigued wears down your immune system.
    • Eat plenty of vegetables and fruits, like apples, cabbage, spinach, beetroot, bananas, papayas, carrots, mangoes, etc. Avoid sugar and junk foods. Drink only in moderation.
    • Manage your stress levels. Consider taking up yoga or meditation to banish the potentiality of stress causing your next outbreak.

Method 6
Understanding HSV-1 and HSV-2

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    Determine potential causes of a herpes infection. Herpes can easily infect a healthy person through direct contact with an infected person, be it from their saliva, skin sore discharge, or through sexual contact. The infected person can infect anyone even if the virus is in “dormant” state, meaning they are currently asymptomatic. Some patients don’t know that they have the virus until experiencing an “outbreak," which means having their first sore or a blister, signifying herpes.
    • The virus present in the saliva can be transferred through sharing personal items, like toothbrushes, dental floss, makeup like lipstick or gloss, used utensils, used towels, or through direct contact like kissing.
    • HSV-1 causes oral herpes, though some reports mention genital herpes arising from the HSV-1 strain. HSV-2 is generally reserved for genital herpes as semen or vaginal fluid can be the perfect mediums to transmit HSV-2.
    • Condoms should always be used for anal, oral, or vaginal sex, whether the infected person is asymptomatic or not. That said, even condoms don’t guarantee that you or your partner won’t get infected but they do dramatically lower the risk.
    • If you have any oral lesions, you should not give oral sex or receive oral sex from someone who has oral lesions without protection.
    • If a pregnant woman is having a genital herpes outbreak during delivery, the baby has a higher chance of acquiring the infection than if the mother is asymptomatic during delivery.[49]
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    Identify causes of an outbreak to prevent future outbreaks. An infected person with herpes will carry the virus within his or her blood stream for the rest of his or her life, but will not have symptoms all the time. However, there are some factors that can trigger the dormant state of HSV to make an outbreak.
    • Sickness in the body can trigger the virus inside you to be active, causing some of the symptoms to appear.
    • Stress or fatigue can put a load of tension on your cells, affecting many things in your body.
    • Any kind of medication that can cause any degree of immunosuppression, like corticosteroids or chemotherapy for cancer, can give HSV a chance to be activated.
    • Vigorous sexual intercourse can trigger genital herpes.
    • A woman's menstruation cycle can be a triggering factor, too, perhaps due to the hormonal disturbance, general discomfort, and weakness of the body.
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    Identify what herpes symptoms look like. Symptoms may show up within 2 weeks of infection and can last for 2-3 weeks.[50] Blisters, though the main side effect, aren't the only symptom that accompanies an active herpes infection. Symptoms include: blisters, painful urination, flu-like symptoms, pain in the legs, vaginal discharge, and swollen glands.
    • In men, herpes blisters emerge on the penis, buttocks, anus, thighs, scrotum, inside the urethra, or inside the penis. In women, they appear on buttocks, cervix, vaginal area, anus and external genitals.[51] They are painful and itchy, especially in the first outbreak
    • Genital herpes patients can experience painful urination or defecation due to the presence of the irritated blisters around the genitals or rectum. In some case, this will be accompanied by discharge from the vagina or penis.
    • As HSV is a viral infection, flu-like symptoms can appear in some patients, such as having fever, headache, general weakness, and enlarged lymph nodes.
    • Swollen glands (lymph nodes). These are usually located in the groin but can also be found along the neck.
    • Some other causes of genital sores that your doctor may want to rule out are fungal infections (caused by the Candida fungus--candidiasis), Hand-Foot-and-Mouth disease (caused by the Coxsackie A type 16 virus), syphilis (caused by the spirochete, Treponema) and a Herpes zoster (Varicella zoster/ human herpesvirus type 3) infection (the same virus that causes chickenpox and shingles).
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    Figure out how HSV functions in the body. Your immune system will detect the HSV virus when you are infected or when you experience an outbreak. It then starts to develop some antibodies to fight the virus; the lymph nodes swell as a result of producing and overload of more antibodies and the body's temperature elevates to create an undesirable environment for most bacteria and viruses. Once your body gets the virus under control, generally a few days, the symptoms will fade.
    • However, the immune system can’t get rid of the virus entirely; each person with HSV will continue carrying it. That being said, the antibodies formed will help to prevent the patient from having another outbreak in the future. This remains true through both HSV-1 and HSV-2 and in instances where both are present.[52]
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    Get diagnosed when you have an active infection. HSV-1 and HSV-2 can be diagnosed during an outbreak by examining the sores and taking a sample to be tested in a lab. There are also blood tests that test for antibodies to the virus.[53] Your doctor will ask about your medical profile, about other people you may have shared personal items with, and your marital status. He or she should also ask if you have had any sexual activity with a partner or partners and what sexual safety precautions you take.
    • The first and most effective test is called a herpes culture. A swab from the fluid or discharge of the sore or blister is taken to exclude any differential diagnosis from any other conditions.
    • In some cases, other blood tests can be performed in case of absence of blisters. These are supposed to measure the antibodies formed against HSV-1 and HSV-2. However, these tests are not always accurate.[54] Therefore, it's best to go for the culture.


  • Keep in mind that HSV is very common, whether individuals realize it or not. The majority of adults have HSV-1 and a growing number have HSV-2.[55]
  • Some patients may have one outbreak only, and some experience many more. People's body response and their medical states differ, causing differences within HSV.
  • Medical treatment for HSV is oriented to decrease the possible outbreaks of HSV. The goals of treatment are keeping it in its dormant state as much as possible, minimizing the risks of infecting other people, and reducing the symptoms, itches and pain accompanied with blisters.

Sources and Citations

  3. Schnitzler, P. (2010). Mechanism of herpes simplex virus type 2 suppression by propolis extracts. Phytomedicine: International Journal Of Phytotherapy And Phytopharmacology, 17(2), 132-138.

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