How to Design a Finished Basement

Are you ready to design your finished basement? Jot down your great ideas! It can be really fun and exciting to design it yourself! Read below!


  1. 1
    Create a scale. Something like 1 inch (2.5 cm) or one centimeter to one inch of the house. See if there is a standard one that contractors use.
  2. 2
    Draw your basement on a poster board/blueprints. See where you want walls to go up (or curtains/other room dividers). Depending on how big your basement is, you could have many different rooms. Measure them with a tape measure. Sometimes it helps to use painter's tape to mark off rooms to be able to visualize the finished product.
  3. 3
    Consider the features that you will want in your basement.
    • Will you have a bathroom in the basement? If so, is the plumbing already stubbed in or not? If it is, you need to be careful on figuring out the best placement you would want for your bathroom. If it's not stubbed, figure out the easiest place/best place for the bathroom, and talk to a plumber.
    • Do you have a day-light basement? If so, and you want a bedroom down there, or a room that can be considered a bedroom, put it by the window. (you have to have a window and a closet in a room to be considered a bedroom). Go ahead and mark off a spot for a closet too--even if it is small. This is good to have and good for re-sale.
  4. 4
    Decide for or against a storm shelter. Do you have extra room/good space for a storm shelter? This is always a good idea to have-if you have the room. Make sure it is a smaller room. Also, if there are a few places this would work- use the one without heavy appliances above you on the next level- in case you were in the storm shelter and the level above you were to collapse.
  5. 5
    After you have figured out room placement, bathroom placement, etc; make an electrical plan for an electrician. Many times people don't do this and aren't satisfied with where the electrician puts the light switches, outlets, etc. Make sure you don't have to reach around doors or walk across rooms for light switches, and make sure you have enough outlets to fit your needs. Also, think of cable placement if you are going to have cable in the basement.
  6. 6
    If you are going to have heating and air in the basement- which is great if you can afford it- determine where you want vents to go- and how you want to do the HVAC- (zoned, another unit, etc).
  7. 7
    Deciding how to finish everything! Paint, tile, carpet, etc! Good luck & enjoy!


  • Don't forget the electrical plan
  • Remember a bedroom has to have a window & a closet


  • Always have a professional do the work

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Categories: Home Decorating