How to Count in Ancient Indo European Language

Ancient Indo-European language is a hypothetical language which is the mother and the root of many modern languages from Bengal to Iceland and from Sweden to Sicily. That language takes you back to tribes living 3000 to 4000 years ago or even older. There is no documents from them, but certain scholars whom are called "linguists" have traced back a number of languages and re-built the ancient Indo-European. It is excitingly exotic to know how those ancient people could count objects.

Steps

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    Learn from one to nine,
    • One : Oinos also ei (he shows one of his fingers and says, "that")
    • Two : D(u)wo (he shows one finger from each hand and says, "those") The u is in parentheses because it's existence is not certain.
    • Three : Treies (he says, "I have not more than two hands; hence many")
    • Four : Kwetwōr (he says, two and two)
    • Five : Penkwe (my fist, palm, open hand, pat)
    • Six : Sweḱs, seḱs (my fist and one additional finger over it)
    • Seven : Septm̥ (he says, "I hide three fingers of my hands")
    • Eight : 'Oḱtō (he says, "I hide two fingers of my hands")
    • Nine : h₁newn̥ (he says, "I hide one of the fingers of my hands")
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    Learn more numbers. It is not certain where in each modern "daughter language" all numbers come from. But certain numbers are known how they were at that time.
    • Ten : dekm̥ (It means, "(all) fingers")
    • Eleven : eiliekwdekm (It means, "one after you put your ten fingers behind") Listen carefully to it: It sounds ei-left-ten
    • Twelve : dowuliekwdekm
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    Note that in English and many other languages -liekw, that is, "left (behind)" has disappeared after twelve. They simply say thirteen which means three and ten, but in some others it continues up to nineteen. In Latin, eighteen and nineteen are similar to eight and nine in being twenty less two and twenty less one, respectively
    • Twenty : dowudekmtmi (It means two-ten)
    • Hundred : kmtorathjan (It means, "count ten, ten times")
    • Thousand : teu-kmtorathjan (It means, "many hundred")
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    Learn few more words:
    • Mother : méh₂tēr (ma, baby asks for food)
    • Father : ph₂tḗr (pa or ba, father calls the baby)
    • Daughter : dʰugh₂tḗr (gh, g with a puff of air after it)
    • Son : suHnus
    • Head : kaput
    • Love : leubh (bh, b with a puff of air after it)

Sources and Citations

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Categories: Multiple Language Guides | History