How to Coach Swimming

Being a swim coach is a large responsibility. Swimming can be a very competitive sport. A swim coach takes responsibility to structure and organize team practices, develop meet strategies, ensure the team's safety and strive to win championships. Before accepting a swim coach position, you must know how to coach swimming.


  1. Image titled Coach Swimming Step 1
    Research and study the rules of your league. As the coach, you will first need to learn the rules specific to the league you are competing in. Once you have studied the rules, ensure your team members know and follow them.
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    Learn and practice the strokes. There are 4 basic swim strokes. These strokes will be raced during the meet in individual and relay races. You will need to know the mechanics of each stroke to ensure your team is performing appropriately.
    • Freestyle is swum by alternating an over arm stroke while flutter kicking. The swimmer's face is in the water turning side to side to breathe every 2 to 3 strokes.
    • Backstroke is swum by floating on the back with an alternating over arm stroke and flutter kick.
    • Breaststroke is swum by moving both the arms and legs in a circular motion while bobbing the head in and out of the water to breathe.
    • Butterfly is the hardest of all strokes. It is swum with a dolphin kick while throwing the arms forward in a keyhole shape.
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    Follow all safety procedures and practices. With swimming and all sports, enforcing safety is the most important step of all. When working with a swim team eliminate all rough-housing and horse-play. This will help to prevent accidents.
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    Know your team members. As a swim coach, you will need to strategically assign team members to individual and relay races. Knowing each member will help you effectively run your team.
    • Be aware of the age of your team members. The teammates' ages will determine their maturity and responsibility levels. The ages of your team member will affect how you speak to them, how much they can practice, how they will interact with each other and swim during a meet. As the adult coach, you must treat each member age appropriately.
    • Plan around your team members' abilities. Certain members will thrive at particular strokes and not at other strokes. Some members will thrive in individual races while others will thrive in relays. Learn your team members' strengths and weakness and then plan your meet strategy around them.
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    Communicate effectively. How well you motivate and lead your team will depend on your ability to effectively communicate and interact with them.
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    Schedule, setup and run practices. Practices can be held as often as necessary. Practices should be structured and organized.
  7. Image titled Coach Swimming Step 7
    Strive to win. While you will not win every meet, instill in the swim team a drive to do their best.


  • Network with other coaches in your local swimming community. This will expand your coaching knowledge and possibly open your team to new opportunities.
  • Keep balance. You're going to sink if your not relaxing. Use your minds so you can be sturdy and your going to complete the course.


  • You will have to manage your team members' parents along with the kids. Be sure to treat everyone with respect.

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