How to Choose Therapy for Menopause

Three Methods:Hormone Replacement TherapyOther MedicationsAlternative Therapies

Menopause is a natural stage in a woman's life that usually occurs when a woman is 45 to 50 years old. Many women experience symptoms such as hot flashes, night sweats and vaginal discomfort. They can also experience bone loss from osteoporosis. There are treatments for menopause, but these treatments are not right for everyone. This article will tell you how to choose therapy for menopause.

Method 1
Hormone Replacement Therapy

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    Discuss the severity of your symptoms with your doctor. You may benefit from this treatment if your symptoms are severe enough to interfere with your daily life. Consulting your doctor first is really advisable so that he or she can determine whether or not this type of therapy is really the best one for you. If your menopause symptoms are not that grave, lighter forms of treatment will be given.
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    Tell your doctor about a family history of breast or uterine cancer, heart disease or stroke. This type of therapy may not be suitable for you.
    • Studies indicate that hormone replacement therapy can increase the risks of these conditions. There has also been a higher incidence of mammogram abnormalities.
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    Take a bone density test and discuss your risk of osteoporosis. There are factors other than age and gender that can increase your risk of this disease.
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    Consider this type of therapy if you have premature menopause, because you may be at more risk of heart disease and osteoporosis.
    • Hormone therapy, especially estrogen, appears to protect young women's hearts. The benefits of therapy might outweigh the risks for women who go through early menopause.

Method 2
Other Medications

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    Taking certain Non-hormonal medications can also provide relief for symptoms and complications of menopause.
    • Antidepressant medications in the selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors class can relieve hot flashes. These drugs can cause side effects that should be discussed with your doctor.
    • Osteoporosis drugs can provide protection against bone loss for those who are only concerned about bone mass or for women who cannot participate in hormone replacement therapy.
    • Over the counter vaginal lubricants or sitz baths can help vaginal dryness and discomfort.

Method 3
Alternative Therapies

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    Talk to your doctor about using alternative medications such as soy, vitamin E or black cohosh.
    • Using soy and other plant estrogens might provide relief of hot flashes. Further studies are needed to identify potential risks of this therapy.
    • The safety and benefits of black cohosh have not been established by the FDA.
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    Implement lifestyle changes. Your doctor can suggest personalized options that will best fit you. Your doctor might suggest not smoking and exercise.


  • Always tell your doctor what medications you are using. Remember to include any herbal supplements in your discussion.

Article Info

Categories: Women’s Health