# How to Calculate CAGR in Excel

With this article, you can learn how to calculate CAGR, the Compound Annual Growth Rate, in Excel. The Compound Annual Growth Rate is the year-over-year growth rate of an investment over a specified period of time. It is calculated by taking the nth root of the total percentage growth rate, where n is the number of years in the period being considered. The formula for CAGR is `[(Ending Value/Beginning Value)^(1/(# of years))]-1`.

CAGR isn't the actual return in reality. It's an imaginary number that describes the rate at which an investment would have grown if it grew at a steady rate. You can think of CAGR as a way to smooth out the returns.

## Steps

- 1
**Open Microsoft Excel.**Either click on the green X icon on the dock or opening it from the Applications folder in Microsoft Office. - 2
**Open a New Workbook.** - 3
**Enter the Headings/Defined Variables:**- Enter to cell A1 the label,
`CAGR` - Enter to cell B1 the label,
`Ending_Value` - Enter to cell C1 the label,
`Beginning_Value` - Enter to cell D1 the label,
`_1_OverYears` - Enter to cell E1 the label,
`Years` - Enter to cell F1 the label,
`_1`

- Enter to cell A1 the label,
- 4
**Highlight columns B:F and select**Click`Insert`from the top menu.`Names`>`Create`and choose`Top Row` - 5
**Enter the formulas and values:**- Enter to cell A2 an = and then the formula
`((Ending_Value/Beginning_Value)^(_1_OverYears))-_1` - Enter to cell B2 the Ending Value of the investment, e.g. 23,512
- Enter to cell C2 the Beginning Value of the investment, e.g. 14,500
- Enter to cell E3 the number of Years the investment was outstanding up to the Ending Value, e.g. 3
- Enter to cell D3 an = and then the formula,
`1/Years`. - Enter to cell F3 the value,
`1`

- Enter to cell A2 an = and then the formula
- 6
**Format your cells:**- Highlight columns A:F and select
`Format`from the top menu. Click`Column`and then`AutoFit Selection`, and`Alignment Center`. - Highlight column A and choose
`Format`, then`Cells`. Under the Number menu, and Percentage category, choose 2 decimal places. - Highlight columns B:C and choose
`Format`, then`Cells`. Under the number Number in the Custom category, enter`$#,##0` - Highlight column D and choose
`Format`, then`Cells`. Under the Number menu in the Number category, enter`.0000`

- Highlight columns A:F and select
- 7
**Review the value in cell A2.**For the example numbers given, you should see a CAGR result of 24.93% Thus, your CAGR for your three-year investment is equal to 24.93%, representing the smoothed annualized gain you earned over your investment time horizon. - 8
**Then you would construct a Table of similar investments:**

## Sources and Citations

## Article Info

Categories: Finance and Business | Microsoft Excel