How to Be an Epistemologist

Epistemology is a field of philosophy that deals with the scope of human knowledge and the nature of reality.

Steps

  1. Image titled Be an Epistemologist Step 1
    1
    Start by reading the epistemological works of Locke, Hume and Kant. Plato's Timaeus is the first epistemological work created and still in one piece, read it.
  2. Image titled Be an Epistemologist Step 2
    2
    After your research, it is necessary for you to take up a neutral position; to be unassuming and to leave behind all your previous beliefs of reality and knowledge.
  3. Image titled Be an Epistemologist Step 3
    3
    Ask questions like, what is knowledge? How can we Know anything for certain?
  4. Image titled Be an Epistemologist Step 4
    4
    Write down your thoughts in a notepad and try to find arguments that support your opinion and ones that disapprove. It is better to give your work to someone else, to find arguments to disapprove your opinion.
  5. Image titled Be an Epistemologist Step 5
    5
    Continue this process.
  6. Image titled Be an Epistemologist Step 6
    6
    After your research and your search for truth, decide which school of thought you belong to or found your own. It is still necessary however to know the major schools of thought, these are:
    • Empiricism which states that all knowledge derives from the senses and not from God or reasoning, although reasoning can produce true belief.
    • Rationalism states that some knowledge can be derived a priori or through reasoning. It can also be innate or born with, such a thing is commonly referred to as intuition.
    • Constructivism which states that all knowledge is constructed in the sense it is determined by human perception, values and other socio-cultural reasons.
    • Skepticism is a school of thought that basically states that the external reality if there even is one is unknowable.
  7. Image titled Be an Epistemologist Step 7
    7
    It is also advisable to know these to statements or definitions
    • A priori knowledge is knowledge that is known independently of experience (that is, it is non-empirical, or arrived at beforehand).
    • A posteriori knowledge is knowledge that is known by experience (that is, it is empirical, or arrived at afterward).
  8. Image titled Be an Epistemologist Step 8
    8
    Write a thesis and publish it if you want.

Tips

  • Keep at it

Warnings

  • Don't ask someone who won't understand you, if you ask them, 'how do you know this apple exists?' They'll just reply 'It just does.'

Article Info

Categories: Philosophy | Philosophy and Religion