How to Avoid, Spot and Treat Nephritis

Pyelonephritis is an inflammation of one or both kidneys. It is thought to be caused by bacteria entering the urinary tract through the urethra. These bacteria may also cause bladder and urinary infections. Pyelonephritis is more commonly found in women, simply because of the physiological construction of the female genito-urinary system. Follow these steps to avoid, spot and treat pyelonephritis to avoid long term damage to your kidneys.

Steps

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    Practice good toilet hygiene. This minimizes the risk of bacteria entering the urethra and going on to cause problems.
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    Get checked by a doctor regularly. Other conditions can encourage infection, which can migrate to the kidneys if ignored. For example, partial blockages of the urinary system, possibly caused by an enlarged prostate gland (in men) or pregnancy (in women) could lead to infection. Kidney stones and bladder tumors can also cause obstruction and harbor bacteria.
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    Watch for bacteria everywhere. It is possible that bacteria entering the bloodstream in any part of the body may be deposited in the kidneys, leading to pyelonephritis.
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    Take a genito-urinary specific antibiotic if you are undergoing any form of catheterization or investigation through the urethra.
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    Pyelonephritis manifests as intense pain that begins in the back, just above the waist and then moves down to the groin.
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    A high temperature, shivering, headache and the frequent painful passing of cloudy blood stained urine are other symptoms for which to watch.
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    Consult a doctor if you think you have become infected. This is not something you can treat yourself. As well as treating the infection and inflammation, the doctor will want to run tests to establish the underlying cause of the problem.
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    Pyelonephritis is treated by a short course of oral antibiotics. However, sufferers of repeated bouts of pyelonephritis may be treated with antibiotics for longer periods and may need to undergo further tests as, although it is rare, it may lead to scarring and damage to the kidneys.

Tips

  • People with diabetes are more prone to urinary infections, probably because the higher glucose levels in the urine encourage the growth of bacteria. Sufferers therefore need to be particularly vigilant for any sign of infection.
  • At the first sign of blood in the urine go to see your Dr. Do not hesitate.

Warnings

  • The symptoms of pyelonephritis are less obvious in children and as a result, the problem may go undiagnosed until permanent damage has been done to the kidneys. Parents and primary caregivers must be vigilant and seek treatment at the first sign of any problems.


Article Info

Categories: Urinary Health